|Paper||Bear River Valley Leader|
|Rights||No Copyright - United States (NoC-US)|
|Publisher||Digitized by J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah|
|Paper||Bear River Valley Leader|
si Editorial and News of the World for Busy Readers Telegraphic Section TREMONTON, UTAH, THURSDAY, AUGUST 28, 1919. EXECUTE FS m PRESIDENT Secret Balloting to Start at Once, the Officials to Abide by Decision, Having Declined to Assume Responsibility. Baslo Wage Questions Should be Deferred Until the Era of High Prices Has Gone, He Says in Note to Wtishington. There will be no lm mediate strike of railroad shopmen as a result of the administration's announced policy to grant no general wage Increase while endeavoring to drive down the abnormal cost of living. This was determined on August 26, when the executive committee of the rullway employes' department of the American Federation of Labor asked the 600,000 railroad shopmen of the country to decide for themselves whether they should strike for the Increase turned down by the president in and railroad administration or until normal living conditions' can be restored. The committee of 100, representing the trades affected by the government's decision, voted to reject the proposal made by the president and Director General Hines for an equalization of wages, but informed the government that they would not assume full responsibility for a strike under the circumstances, and had therefore referred the Issue to the affiliated unions. The organizations are to take a strike vote by secret ballot as soon as possible, and upon the decision of the majority the executive committee and committee of 100 will abide. The issue thus presented to the railroad shopmen Is: To accept in lieu of a 25 per cent Increase in wages which they demanded an equalization of pay on the basis of eight hours of work for ten hours' pay, which amounts to an Increase of 4 cents an hour, and thus to yield to the president's request for cooperation in a general truce over wages while vthe government is waging its fight against the high cost of living, or to strike to enforce accerjtance of the demand for 85 cents an hour. ' , COST. LIVING Government to Establish Stores and Sell at Cost. A radical project, of "Washington. vast proportions, to force down prices of the necessities of life and hold them in check pending the restoration of normal prices' and production conditions, is being considered by the administration. The proposal is that the government establish retail stores throughout the country, purchase food, clothing and other necessities in immense quantities and resell them to consumers at cost. A step In this direction was taken on August 26, when the w3r department announced that it would open September' 25 fourteen or more retail stores for the sale directly to the people of surplus army clothing, blankets, oap and other articles. Sales will be made by the government at co.st, either over the counter or on catalogue orders, deliveries to be made by parcel post to any part of the country at counter prices. If it is determined to undertake the larger project of the government regulating prices Ty acting as middleman and retailer and selling at cost, the war department will resume wholesale purchases on a large scale, continue the stores after the surplus supplies are disposed of and open many other sales centers. . PAY b T!Ttoi AMERICAN TROOPS MUST RAISE RATES E ND BANDIT CHASE BOUNDARY- RECROSSED FORCES BENT UPON THE OF BANDIT BAND. CAP-TUR- Six-Da- ' TO MEET EXPENSE BY LOVETT BE E SAYS ROADS CANNOT OPERATED UNDER EXISTING RATES. y Campaign Results in Killing President of U. P. Also Declares That Present Method of Adjusting of Leader of Outlaw Gang and the Capture of Half a Dozen of Wages Is Unjust, and Would Put Ban on Strikes. His Followers. . and-arriv- 2. six-da- y Washington Private operation of railroads cannot be restored at existing rates, Robert S. Lovett, president of the Union Pacific railroad, told the house interstate commerce committee during a discussion on Friday in which he contended the railroad problem "is solely a question of railroad credit." X Howard Elliott, president of the .Ws"A rifii.T auoSii- - ' witness! urged early adoption of a national transportation policy, declaring delay only tended fo make "all classes uncertain and unsettled." In adoption of the transportation policy he thought congress should observe four principles, as follows: Government regulatory machinery to encourage the present transportation system, so that rates will pay all costs', including- new capital needed for expansion of facilities; abandonment of present method of adjusting wage and working disputes, with substitution of "a sane method of deciding these quesof abolishment tions," including strikes; modification of the Sherman law to permit consolidations, and making of federal authority supreme in regulating rates, securities and accounts. Railroads should have the right to- initiate rates, Mr. Elliott argued, adding that the interstate commerce commission should have the right of suspension and review. .. - Trainmen Ordered Back to Work. Washington. Trainmen, engineinen and yardmen on government controlled roads at Los Angeles, who recently went on strike in sympathy with the striking employees of the Pacific Electric, which is not under government control, have been ordered to return to work, according to a statement by the railroad administration. EDWIN SAMUEL MONTAGU SPECIAL till'' i" ipi SESSION CALLED. Members of Utah Legislature Will Consider High Cost of Living. Salt Lake City. Members of the Thirteenth legislature will convene In special session Monday, September 29, at noon. Proclamation to this effect was Issued August 25 by Gov. Simon . Bamberger. The object of the session is to act upon the Susan B. Anthony amendment to the constitutlpn of the United States providing for universal suffrage and to consider matters In connection with the high cost of living. Only these two matters are mentioned and this Indicates that the session will not.be long unless consideration of the high cost of iMng is extended. . MaJ. Gen. James W. McAndrew, former chief of staff of the A. E. F., ha returned to Washington at president of the Army War college. The name of the Institution will hereafter be the General Staff college, and It will be kept eeparate from the war plant, Washington Washington. Entering on an investigation of the increased price of coal, a senate Interstate commerce on August 26 brought 'forth testimony that a shortage of cars and labor difficulties were hindering coal production, that certain elements In the miners' union were latent on nationalization of the coal mines with adoption of a day and a five-da- y week plus a wage increase, and that, unless problems of production were solved, the country would be brought face to face with a coal famine in the coming winter. So emphatic were the witnesses that the railroads were at the bottom of the present low production that Senator Frelinghuysen, chairman of the committee, indicated the committee's intention of bringing Director General of Railroads Hines into the hearing. After detailing the effects of labor difficulties and alleged car shortage on coal production, Harry N. Taylor, president of the National Coal association, an organization of operators, declared a bill had been prepared for submission to congress providing for the nationalization of the mines. He added that what the miners wanted was not only that the government should own the properties, but that the mines should be turned over to them for operation. Denying that a combination among bituminous coal operators to fix prices exists, J. D. A. Morrow, of,,the.JSational Coaljassocla.tion, told a senate 'coal Investigating committee that such a combination would be impossible If attempted. Prices at the mines, he said, ' have declined under the competition which prevails and are lower than they were a year ago. "There were 5000 separate commercial producers operating approximately 7000 mines, from which bituminous coal is regularly shipped," Mr. Morrow said. "In addition there are some two thousand operators with about 8000 mines who begin producing and selling coal whenever the price goes up a little and offers a profit to them. Moreover there are hundreds of thousands of acres of coal lands' along railroads on which new mines can readily and quickly opened by any 9ae so disposed. Such a condition obviously does not lend Itself to restrictive combinations among producers." amend the treaty to provide for the restoration of Shantung to China. The change made was extremely simple; it merely strikes out the word "Japan" and substitutes the word "China" in the section which disposes of Germany's former rights in the Shantung peninsula. Senator McCumber, North Dakota, Republican, voted with the Democrats against the Shantung amendment Otherwise, the vote was of a strict party nature. Action Presages Further Delay. The effect of the committe's action, if sustained by the senate, will be to send the peace treaty back to the other principal allied powers. As Japan, according to Prsident Wilson, refused to sign the treaty unless given Shantung, and as France, Great Britain and Italy are bound by their secret treaties to support the Japanese claims to Shantung, it Is considered extremely probable that the amendment, if sustained in the senate, would create a deadlock among the powers. Says Senate Will Reverse Action. Senator Pomerene of Ohio, Democratic member of the foreign relations committee, declared the committee's action had no significance and predicted the senate would reverse it. Senator Johnson of California, Republican, praised the action of the committee in wiping out the proposal to "guarantee the infamy of the Shantung settlement by our treasury and by our blood." Bolshevik! Stockholm.-T- he Fleet Disabled Bolshevik! .fleet Hitchcock Believes Treaty Will be Approved During September. Washington. Ratification of the, peace treaty some time during September, defeat of the proposed Shantung amendment with the aid of at least twelve Republican votes and voting down of all amendments to the treaty that might canse it to be sent back for renegotiation was predicted by Senator Hitchcock of Nebraska, senior minority member of the foreign relations committee, after a conference with President Wilson. Ask Probe of Mountain Rates. Washington The Intermediate Rata association, composed of railroad commissions and commercial organizations of Montana, Washington, Idaho, Utah, Nevada, New Mexico and Arizona, asked the interstate commerce commission on August 23 to investigate commodity rates to intermountain territory, which, it is alleged, are unjust and unreasonable as compared with rates to he Pacific coast. Utahan Opposes Kenyon Bill. Washington. James A. Henderson, a Morgan, Utah, canning man, who said he was both a competitor of the five big packers and a source of supply for products they sell, told the senate agriculture committee that regulation proposed in the Kenyon bill for the packing industry was unnecessary and dangerous. Berislav Falls to Reds' Foes. General Deniklue, comforces mander of the In south Russia, has captured the town of Berislav, on the Dnieper river In the government of Kherson, according to a dispatch from Taganrog, in the Don Cossack territory on the Sea of Azov. Americans Compliment Frenchmen. Faris. The officers and soldiers of the First division of the American expeditionary force, who are on the point of embarking for home, have sent an open letter of farewell to Uw French soldiers. The letter express admiration for the courage and sacrifices of the French troops. k d, . Plot of Extensive Nature in Mexico Made Public by Officer. New York. Revelation of extensive German plots in Mexico during the war, which included a proposed invasion of the United States by a German-Mexica- n army of 45,000 men, at the same time that the Germans launched their last drive on the western front in July, 1918, was made here Saturday by the National Association for the Protection of American rights in Mexico, which gave out a statement by Dr. P. B. Altendorf, formerly of the United States military intelligence department, reciting his experience as an American secret service agent in that country. London. In Fetro-grathe gulf of Finland,-defendin- g has been disabled completely, the newspapers here report, ."The defenses of Kronstadt, which were bombarded by British warships, have been destroyed. HUN PLAN TO INVADE U. S. PREDICTS EARLY RATIFICATION. Americans Ordered Overseas. Washington. The Fifth infantry regiment at Camp Taylor, Kentucky, and the Fiftieth at Camp Dlx, New Jersey, have been ordered to prepare to go overseas to aid In the policing of Silesia during the plebiscite provided for under the peace treaty. Edwin 8amuel Montagu hat risen steadily elnce he became under secre tary for India In 1910. He it now sec retary for India, having succeeded Austen Chamberlain In 1917. The Shantung decision of the Paris peace conference was reversed by the senate foreign relations committee on August 23. By a vote of 9 to 8, the committee decided to Business Prosperous, Jewelers Say. Chicago Prohibition and high wages paid during the war have combined to make the Jewelry business more prosperous than ever before In its history, according to delegates attending the annual meeting o the American Retail Jewelers' association, in session here. Mexico. " First Direct Action Taken on Peace Treaty, One Republican Voting With Democrats Against Proposed Change. six-ho- 25-p- a Belgians Approve Peace Treaty. Brussels. The Belgian senate on August 26 unanimously, approved the The peace., treaty with Germany. chamber of deputies ratified the treaty August 8. II" Three hundred Marfa, Texas. American soldiers who invaded Mexico In an endeavor to capture the bandits who held for ransom Lieutenants Pet? erson and Davis, are back on Amerli can soil, and the invasion of Mexico! Is a matter of history. yf The American punitive expedition came out of Mexico on Sunday. Tie column, making an early start, erased. ed the Rio Grande a delaria on the American side at night fall, having marched over sixty miles since morning. Officers and men were tired with the strain of the campaign but" were not downcast over their failure to find all of the bandits. They make no excuses, but their experiences speak for themselves of the tremendous difficulties encountered in the hunt for "the fiend" and his followers. And they have, moreover, six prisoners and four dead Mexicans in their "game bag." The six prisoners are leading a sad life. They are at Ruidosa, the base of the expedition, and they are chopping wood and washing dishes. Jesus Rentaria, the bandit leader, was shot and killed by Lieut R. II. Cooper when bandits fired on Cooper's machine, according to Lieut. HarUrges Abolishment of Passports. old G. Peterson, who returned with the Chicago. A campaign to abolish expedition. passport regulations to South and Central American republics was started MEXICO TO TAKE NOTICE. Consular Friday by the association of Chicago. Begins to Consider Plans for Protection of Americans. Rumors of Lifting of Dry Ban. Mexico City. The highest Mexican Washington. The capital is alive government officials are making a with rumors that the president plans close study of the principle points at to lift wartime prohibition, which went issue between the Mexican and Ameron of the first into effect July 1, ican governments with a view to October. reaching arrangements satisfactory to the United States without impairment MAJ. GEN. J. W. M'ANDREW of Mexican national interests and Mexican sovereignty, according to declarations made Saturday by Luis Cabrera, secretary of the treasury and leading cabinet member. These points are petroleum legislation, indemnification, frontier vigilance and guarantee for the safety of foreigners and foreign Interests in Shah to Visit U. 8. Constantinople. The Shah of Fer-elwill go to the United States after he has visited Paris, according to a statement made by the Persian foreign minister. SENATE COMMITTEE VOTES TO AMEND TREATY TO RESTORE PROVINCE TO CHINA. Nationalizing of Mines Favored by Operators' Head, Who Denies Com-- . binatlon Exists Among Operators to Fix Prices. . Chinese Ranchers Murdered. AS TO SHANTUNG HINT LACK OF CARS AND LABOR TROUBLES ARE HINDERING PRODUCTION. the Public. Washington. Postponement of the settlement of wage demands until normal conditions are restored was announced on Monday by President Wilson as the policy which the administration will pursue in dealing with such questions, particularly those affecting railroad workers. The president announced also that it was neither wise nor feasible at this time, when the most important question before the country is a return to normal price level, to attempt to increase freight rates to provide funds for higher wages. "We ought to postpone questions of this sort until we have the opportunity for certain calculation as to the relations between wages and the cost of living," the president declared in a statement to the public explaining his decision as to wages. "It is the duty of every citizen to insist upon a truce in such contests until intelligent settlements can be made, and made by peace and effective common counsel. I appeal to my fellow citizens of every in insisting employment to upon and maintaining such a truce." Mr. Wilson's statement was issued in connection with the decision of himself and Director General Hlnes on demands by railroad shopmen for a cent advance in wages, but the general policy announced covers also the wage demands of other hundreds of thousands of railroad workers, which are pending before the director general or about to be presented. It is to be expected that other "unions trying to obtain more pay ; will be asked, as the shopmen, to play their part with other citizens in reducing the cost of living by foregoing a temadd to porary advantage which-woulv. transportation costs. The decision of the president and the director general was announced, to a committee of 100, representing the shopmen. In reply to their demands for a 25 per cent increase, the shopmen were asked to accept an adjustment of their pay to the basis of ten hours' pay for eight hours' work, which they contended was given to other employees and denied them when the Adamson law became effective. This means an advance of the basic pay from 68 cents to 72 cents an hour, whereas an increase of 17 cents to 85 cents an hour was demanded. - ALTER PROVISION SHORTAGE OF COAL AGAIN DECLINES TO FIX FOR THE RAILWAY SHOP MEN Nogales, Ariz. The badly mutilated bodies of two Chinese lessees on the Los Allsos ranch, thirty miles south of the border, were found In a cabin on the ranch. One had been slain with a knife and the other with an ax. Scouts Return Visit of Flu. Cincinnati. Recurrence of influenza In epidemic form this fall Is unlikely, said Health Officer William H. Peters, taking Issue with Dr. Royal S. Cope' land, New York health commissioner. ID WAGE SETTLEMENT PROPOSAL OF PRESIDENT CAST ASIDE AND STRIKE VOTE ORDERED TAKEN. PLAN TO LOWER Summer Indoor Sport WLSOI POSTPONES SHOPMEN REJECT ! Park Closed to Tourists. Helena. The Two Medicine lake region in Glacier national park has been closed to tourists and campers have been excluded from the many glaciers locality because of the forest fires that are destroying some of the most beau tiful country in the pnrk. Tampico Robbers Executed. Galveston, Texas. Seven of Ihe Mex, Investigating Texas Wildcatters. ican bandits who robbed sailors from of somff Investigation Washington. the United States cruiser Cheyenne complaints of the sale of "wild off Tampico last month have been ap- tlfty ,!at" oil Btockvn the Texns oil fields, to death the by prehended and put have been started by the federal trade Carranza authorities, according to an ommlsslon. official report.