|Paper||Bear River Valley Leader|
|Rights||No Copyright - United States (NoC-US)|
|Publisher||Digitized by J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah|
|Paper||Bear River Valley Leader|
BEAR RIVER VALLEY LEADER eadeirs Home and Farm Department Homo Economics Time Live Stock Dairy Horticulture Poultry 7TT ....Contributions by Noted Writers tit HoUMmhold ) Women', Young People .... SUCCESS OF COMMUNITY MARKET DEPENDS SUPERVISION ON BY COMPETENT WXtWIL E ? 3 MANAGER It has been said that a man is known by absorption, meaning that we can tell the quality and type of any one's life by the things he allows to absorb him IfBS II 11 I ' GRAINS. tBjll "Farmers Line" Along the Curb of an Eastern City Market States Depart- will interfere with ejecting a dealer ment or Agriculture.) in case he refuses to conduct his busiVigilance Is the price not only of ness in accordance with the market liberty but of successful rules and regulations and in the best market interests of the market as a whole. n.iirketing. A city may have fine buildings and equip- All equipment, such as counters, racks, ment, hut unless' it is supervised by boxes and, if possible, a competent manager who diligently computing scales, should be owned by enforces a system of the city, so that no dealer will ucquire sooner will the operation, enterprise property rights in the permanent fixor later fail. This is the rock on tures In the stall. which practically all unsuccessful marIn ail his efforts to better merchankets have broken, say city mar- dising methods In the market, the keting specialists of the United States manager should keep In mind two fundepartment of agriculture. damental things: (1) To justify the If a system of municipal markets Is existence of the market, consumers not so operated ns to provide a place must obtain food more cheaply than w here people can purchase food more i' can be obtained from most private cheaply than at other fooff distribut- stores; (2) to Induce the dealers to ing agencies, the system is not Justi- make this cheaper food possible, they fied, the specialists believe. While It must be given a greater aggregate reIs true that public markets are useful turn than if they were In business (Prepared by the United cold-stora- in that they assemble and make readily available a large assortment of certain products, some of which might otherwise be .wasted, this is of relatively minor Importance In determind ing the market's success. markets may also benefit practically all consumers by furnishing competition which will stimulate private food dispensing agencies to operate more efficiently and to charge lower prices than they would If the competition ol the markets did not exist. But public markets cannot bring lower prices unless the cost of operation is less in them than elsewhere. This Is largely the problem of the market manager. j Give Manager Unhampered Field. The first essential to a successful market Is a competent, end progressive manager. A man familiar with modern merchandising jnethods should be procured even if the salary asked Is more than at first No private comseems necessary. mercial enterprise would think of placing a plant In which $100,000 or more has been Invested in charge of an inmanager. This competent, poorly-pai- d has been done, however, by some city markets with very unsatisfactory results. Such a market has never come up to expectations and the community which it is intended to serve, as ;well as many observers, have been led rightly to question the work of the whole municipal market idea. The manager must have an unhampered field in which to work. In addition to having satisfactory equipment he must make and enforce strictly good, practical sanitary regulations governing the methods of doing business on the part of the dealers In the market. To do this, he must be given almost dictatorial powers and not be obstructed by politics or other outside Influences. Renting Market Stall. Most successful markets rent the stalls from month to month. By this method, no question of a long lease Well-operate- V well-inform- POULTRY FEEDING SYSTEMS Labor Is Saved and Less Danger of Bowel Trouble in Giving Fowls Their Feed Dry. (Prepared by the United States Department of Agriculture.) i There are two systems In use for the feeding of fowls, In one of which all the feed Is given dry and In the other 'of which one or more of the daily feeds consists of a moistened mash. For convenience they may be termed the i"dry feed" and the "mash" systems, although in the dry feed system a dry Imash Is often fed. Dry feeding Is used !by many where It Is not convenient to make and feed a moistened mash. The greatest advantages to be derived from the dry system are the saving of .labor and the lessened danger of bowel trouble resulting from sloppy or soured mnshes. Sheep tor Profit cannot be handled with profit on every farm, but It Is possible on (for them to return a good profit most fit mm j ' J . v Sheep DISHES FROM CORN AND EDIBLE merely as private storekeepers. The competent manager, If given adequate powers by the city, can accomplish both aims. One of the first regulations should be to strip from the price of food products as completely as possible all charges for service normally hidden In the price. A dollar spent In the market should bring a dollar's worth of food, not, say, 85 cents' worth of food, 10 cents' worth of delivery and 5 cents' worth of credit. The majority of those who buy in the market pay cash and carry away their purchases. It Is manifestly- unfair to make them pay higher prices in order that someone else may take advanfree delivery and tage of the free credit One of the first rules of a market, therefore, should ba ihut dealers will not be permitted to grant credit or deliver goods at the dealers' expense. Smaller Profits. The market manager should Insist to dealers in the market that the savings effected by them as compared with outside dealers, by reason of the lower rentals and the absence of delivery and credit expenses, should be passed on to the consumer in lower prices. Because of decreased operating expenses, dealers In the market can sell at considerably reduced prices and still make the same margin of net profit as the average storekeeper. As a matter of fact, they can well afford to take a somewhat smaller margin of profit, since fair reduction of prices as compared with other competitors will attract more customers and so will build up the volume of their business and Increase the rapid ity of their turnover. The result will be that the aggregate net Income built from a large number of small unit profits, together with saving In waste of goods due to their rapid movement, will be greater and often very much greater than Incomes built bx private "service" stores from larger but fewer profits which are subject to reduction from spoilage because of slow movement of goods. , The coarser foods are quite necessary In our diet and should be used freely at all times of the year. Hominy Gems. Pour one cupful of scalded milk over half a cupful of cornmeal, add of a cupful of cooked hominy. a tablesDOonful of siirar. tha shortening; mix well, cool and add yoiK Deaten thick and the white stiff. Sift In one and'one-hal- f tonsrvinnfnla of baking powder and a little salt; beat wen and bake In hot buttered gem pans. Hominy and Pecan'- Cnnutttui Boil a half cupful of hominy with a of salt In two cup-fuof water five minutes, then Dut Into a double boiler and cook two hours or over night In a double boiler. Add two tablespoonfuls of shortening, half a cupful of chopped pecans and a teaspoonful of scraped on ion. Cool and shane In cylinders. "Beat one egg lightly, add two table- spoonfuls of cold water, roll cro quettes In crumbs and egg, then In crumbs again and fry In deeo fat. This makes one dozen croquettes. Scotch Oat Crackers. Put two cud- fuls of rolled oats through the meat of a cupful grinder, add each of milk and molasses, one and a half tablespoonfuls of fat, of a teasnoonful of soda, one tea- of a spoonful of salt and cupful of raisins or nuts cut In bits. Mix well, roll very thin and cut. In fancy shapes. Bake 20 imputes In a moderate oven. '''. :j , Oatmeal Tomato Soup. Take half a can of tomatoes, d of a cupful of oatmeal, two cupfuls of water, one tablespoonful of sugar, half a small onion, pepper and salt to taste, a bit of bayleaf and two tablespoonfuls of peanut butter. Cook one hour; rub through a strainer, add seasoning, If needed, and serve hot one-four- th MERCHANDISING METHODS Modern methods of merchandising, which have brought success to the foremost businesses of the ' country, should be brought to the attention of dealmarkets by ers In This the market manager. should be one of his particular functions, and he should be se--" lected largely with a view of his knowledge of merchandising, his enthusiasm and his ability to inspire confidence In and obtain results from the class of men who operate market stalls. The manager should get hi, dealers together from . time to time and talk to them on merchandising methods. He should spend much time In the market observing operations and sugand Improvements, gesting should, let It be understood that he will be glad at any time to help In the solution of nny problem that may arise. NEWS REVIEW OF CURRENT EVENTS All Government Forces Concen- trating on Fight Against High Cost of Living. - ls one-four- th one-four- th one-four- th one-thir- - - 1 D. S. S. Mississippi, one of the Taclflc fleet, passing through the Gaillard cut of the Panama canal, 2 Actresses In New York who took part In the strike of the Actors' Equity association. 3 Nelson Morris,, one- o the "big five" packers whom the government charges with profiteering and violation of the food laws.- It would be narrowness to suppose that an artist can only care for the Im- pressions of those who know the methods of art as well as Us effects. Art works for all whom It can touch. Elliot. THE MEAL. BALANCING We hear much about meals these days and It Is the desire of every home-keePer to have Stfe d gfg? her meals well balanced, appetlz- Ing as well as at-tractive. When we sPeal ot anclng a meal we mean giving nil the food principals In their proper proportion In each menu, or getting the amounts In during the day; If lacking In one meal, make It up .In the next, so that the day's meals will give the proper balance. The amount of food to be taken by Individuals differs so greatly that there Is no fixed rule that one may follow. Age, climate, physical condition as well as occupation are Important factors In determining the amount to serve, but It Is safe to say that In the d average dietary we may cut out of the food we daily consume, twice as long masticate the as is the habit and great benefit will be noted In one's health. This advice Is only given to the well padded Individual; those who are thin are so because even If good eaters, the food Is not assimilated. When serving a heavy main dish with tho accompanying vegetable or two, the dessert should be light, one easy of digestion and with little bulk. If the muln part of the meal is light, not preceded by a cream soup, let the lessert be a richer one. The generous use of milk In desserts will give a better balance to the dinner In which only a small amount ot meat Is served, while at meatless meals wore milk mnv De used as well as fish, cheese, beans and peas In order that there mny he no lack of protein (the tissue building body) in the diet. Coffee Custard. Scald two cupfuls of milk with two tablespoonfuls of finely ground coffee, and strain. Heat three cupful of eggs lightly, add teaspoonful of salt sugar, teaspoonful of vanllln. ind Strain Into buttered molds and bake In a pan of hot water. Unmol.i and serve well chilled with whipped (ream Sll&ilwp! ' rvfZi a - one-thir- two-thir- one-quart- one-eight- h Titled Th tvtae. FOODS IN STORAGE SEIZED Test Case Against Alleged Sugar Hoarders Labor Situation Is Little Improved Kolchak's Siberian Armies in Flight Rou-manians In Hungary Defy Allied Comv mission. , ' By EDWARD W. PICKARD. d Spurred on by the welcome, If action of the chief executive, all available forces of the federal government are devoting themselves to the task of reducing the cost of living, and they are receiving the enthusiastic of state and municipal bodies,' and officials all over the country. Attorney General Palmer sent out instructions and authority to confiscate at once hoarded food stocks, and large quantities of foodstuffs In warehouses were seized In Chattanooga, Tampa, Jacksonville, Fla. ; Fort Sam Houston, Tex., and other places. In every case, according to Mr. Palmer's instructions, the names of the hoarders and the amounts of food seized were made public, for It was thought the publicity would result In the Immediate release of excessive amounts of foodstuffs that have been withheld from consumption. The attorney general centered his attention especially on Chicago, not only because it is the greatest food storage center of the world, but because he had learned the speculators there had been particularly and The Chicago perniciously active. packers, naturally, are the chief targets, because they are alleged to be e 'n control of the business, not only there but all over the country. This they deny. Senator MeKel-Ia- r has Introduced a bill for federal e plants and regulation of in supporting It he told of the vast amounts of poultry, eggs and butter In storage and of the apparent exorbitant profits made on those commodities by some middlemen. Louis Swift says he has been and is ln favor of regulation of storage methods; and President Horn of the American Refrigerating association asserts his organization would not object to reasonable regulatory measures, but that most of the suggested plans are too long-delaye- " cold-storag- cold-storag- drastic. "The government's fight against the sugar hoarders also centered In Chicago, and the first test case Is that against the officials of the Central Sugar company who were arrested a week or more ago. Henry H. Bolapp, head, of the sugar distribution' committee of the food administration, said the situation was serious, as eanners and dealers were clamoring In vain The railway shopmen's for sugar. strike entered Into this, as 20,000,000 pounds of sugar was delayed In California by lack of cars. Mr. Rolapp said that In a few days the arrival of cane sugar from New Orleans and beet sugar from the West would flood the market. The entire food crusade had Its effect on retail prices, In some Instances only, slight and In others, notably po.The federal tatoes, very marked. agents Intend to go after the retail grocers and butchers for profiteering, as well as after the bigger game, and before long the suffering consumer may get relief thut will actually affect hlf. bank roll. In Boston a grand Jury Investigation elicited the rather surprising Information that the American people demand shoes of high grade and high price and scorn the cheaper grades, of which the manufacturers sny they have large stocks. In a way this Is borne out by the statement of a Berlin paper that Amcrlcnn slmfl dealers are making ttrenuous efforts to find a ultable market for their goods In Germany. The witnesses in Boston said their margin of profit was no larger than when shoes were selling at much lower prices, and that a decline might be expected, perhaps a year hence. The British, tobT are attacking the cost of living problem with vigor. The house of commons had before it a bill to curb profiteering, and after a hard fight the measure was amended so as to empower the board of trade, after an Investigation, to fix wholesale and retail prices. Sir Auckland Geddes, minister of national service, said this would operate in cases where communities were likely to be bled by any combination, national or international, for the purpose of raising prices; and Andrew Bonar Law made it clear that the government had no Intention of establishing a general system of price-fixinthroughout the country. Belgium is suffering, like most of the rest of the world, and the labor party there has suggested to the prime minister a series of measures to arrest the Increasing prices of necessaries, to encourage the home growing of food and to insure the equal distribution of Imports. The party wants the government to fix the prices of foodstuffs and to control the prices of coal and clothg ing. Paris was the scene of some lively scrapping last week between the food vendors in the markets and the price vigilance committees and would-b- e purchasers. The committees endeavored to prevent foodstuffs bought by the hotels and other large consumers from leaving the markets, asserting that the willingness of those buyers to 'pay any prices, however high, resulted in the raising of all prices. During the fighting many stalls and shops were looted. si international nuiunngrraaes- unions - began planning for a national strike because of a dispute unions of plasterers. t- -r there-betwee- Considerable uneasiness,, not to sy anxiety, was caused in the capital of the allied nations by the news that the Kolchak government of western Siberia was "on the run" If not antiit The bolshevik armle ' collapsed. gained repeated victories over KoK chak's forces, and at last reports the. latter were hastily moving eastward. The admiral's plight was laid' to short-- " age of guns and ammunition, and of both were dispatched to- - ' him from the United States by way of the Pacific ocean. Whether they would . reach him in time to save his troops from disaster-wa- s uncertain. tsener news came rrom uuui norm and south Russia. Op the Dvina a force of British and Russians destroyed six battalions of bolshevlkl, taking 1,000 prisoners and many guns and advancing its front 12 miles. Xn Volhynla the Ukrainians have taken the railway center of Lutsk and the fortress of Dubno, and the bolshevik! also abandoned the important city of Vinnitza in the Ukraine. General armies were making steady progress toward Odessa and at fhe northwest corner of the Black sea they, were only 50 miles from a Junction with the Roumanian forces. largo-supplie- . , Den-ikine- 's The Roumanians who occupied Budapest were stubborjf lot and flatly refused to take orders from the allied commission there and get out again,", declaring they would remain until a stable government was established. The peace council at Paris was a bit flabbergasted and feared that If Roumania' were permitted to defy Its orders, Germany and other enemy countries might be encouraged The labor situation In the United to do likewise. The r Roumanians States did not show marked Improve- threatened that if they were forced to ment. In spite of all efforts to make withdraw" they would strip Hungary of them return to work, the striking rail- everything portable, and indeed they way shopmen In many localities were are said to be doing that now. Their obdurate, nd the officers of their in- representatives In Budapest said the ternational union were compelled to only policy, for Hungary was union threaten tiem with expulsion from the with Roumania under a Roumanian union If they did not resume their la- king. Antonesco, the Roumanian minbors. Then delegates representing ister to Paris, says' Roumania does not 500,000 shopmen met In Chicago and favor the installation of Archduke Jovoted to go back to work. seph in power, considering him reacBefore August 25 a general strike tionary. The situation was strained of steel workers throughout the counbut the peace council was hopeful of ' try may he declared. The men have ac amicable settlement. been taking a vote on the question in all the plants. They demand $1 an According to an edict of week and better workhour, a conference, Austria Is- - to be known, ing conditions. Such a strike will af- as the Republic of Austria, the word "German" being eliminated.' There-Ifect more than a million men. a movement In Vienna to As congress hjs not yet acted on the monarchy, but the entire the Plumb plan, the railway brotherMeanwhile the nrmed forces of the country, there and' hoods are waiting. Plumb plan Is getting some very hard in other cities, are demanding that form of government knocks from industrial and railway experts, some of whom assert It would Increase the cost of living. Charles After long delay, the British- govPiez says the Plumb bill is about as to represent bad as it could be njade, adding : "As ernment has found a shipper and citizen, I should like to It In Washington, but only temporaribe told what advantage or profit the ly. Viscount Grey has agreed to. fill' public will get outside of the privilege the post of ambassador until a permaMr. nent appointment has been mnde, eaflly of paying the yearly deficit." next year. Great responsibility,- atPlumb told the house committee commerce that he eithor had taches to the position Just now(. for or could procure evidence proving' that financial and treaty relations between a 'systematized plundering of all the the two countries must be readjusted. railroads has been conducted under The London press predicts, that he will have some difficulties, and th the direction of the Morgan and Rockefeller banking interests. Daily News says his path will iw be smoothed) hp the British goveriMMent's More Interesting than Important was "sustained' refusal to make any ap the strike of the members of the proach to., a solution of the iTtsh prob' lem." Actors' Equity association, , PrestronaWy Viscount Grey- will come starting In New York, spread to Chi' cago. A number of theaters In both over- sooo and will be In. Washington cities were forced to close their doors. when the prince of Wates visits our The actors demanded recognition, of- - national capital. That young man their association and various reform landed In Newfoundland- and Is now In the conditions of working. The dls making a triumphal tour of Canada. pute was carried Into court by lnjmws tlon proceedings. The death of Andrew Carnegie removed, one of the few survivors of an A situation arose at the- Chicago Industrial age that has passed when stockyards which, may teach union la- men of- - vision made Incredibly large borers a lesson In the matter of ob- fortunes In ways that were not considserving their contracts;. Federal Judge ered reprehensible. Ills avowed dev Alschuler, mediator ruled thnt the sire to die a poor man was not for though he gave away inore employees who quit work during the recent race riots had violated tbe'r than $330,000,000, It Is believed he left pledge not to strtke for one year aiiJ an estate- worth nearly $500,000,000s thus had lost their seniority rights. Union officiate objected violently to Henry Ford's libel suit against the this, but It seemed likely most of, the Chicago Tribune resulted In a verdict packing house workers wouW abide for the' plaintiff, who was awarded by Judge Alsohuler's rulings, for the nominal damages 6 cents. The trial of the case had lasted many weeks, af. present at least. In New Tork 1,200 Interior decor.: fording pecuniary profit to a few per or quit work j pn4 repmet Ntm oi 'KQS nnd amusement to UU fewer i the-peae- s - - - -- renf-Ized- """''