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PAGE TWO WEEKLY NEWS ANALYSIS NOTE: JEDITOH'S Great Britain's royal family was keeping well in the forefront of world news. First it was Princess Elizabeth's baby, then it was King George s leg. But while the first was an event of hysterically happy proportions for all Britons, the second most certainly was not. The king, ap parently, was in a relatively serl ous condition. The royal family's projected trip to Australia and New Zealand next month had to be can- By Bill Newspaper Schoentgen, WNU Stafi Writer. When ara expressed In pinions column., Uniea's news analyata and net the., neeeaaaruy of thi DILEMA: are thoie at n.wipaper ) Global Christmas celled. IT WAS suspected that George VI was suffering from a disease known to doctors as throm- - Sharp-Horne- d Perched uncomfortably astride a having the sharpest horns plague a sitter, President Truman ponders ways and means of getting off. The situation is as clearly defined as it is bothersome. IN SHORT, the President must work the seemingly impossible miracle of knocking prices down while keeping wages and farm prices up. Mr. Truman is indubitably committed to the former, and it was a great majority of opinion that he could do Just that which helped account for his victory. That he will also do the latter is a campaign pledge he must exert every effort to keep. No less a personage than Henry Ford II has sharpened one of the horns. The industrialist touched off tr "fourth round" of wage increases, with consequent maintenance, when he announced a wage hike for all his workers. Then, Mr. Ford delivered himself of the observation that wages generally must go up and that prices must do likewise. THE PATTERN is clear. Industry raises wages and the cost of its products goes up. Wages must increase if these products are to be purchased. Labor comes in to dilemma ever to year through the medium of typical American Christmas greeting cards being sent by the state department to U. S. embassies and consulates throughout the world. Here Miss Frances Kane, state department employee, sits below an enlarged photograph of the cards. high-pric- TREATY: Mutual Aid ask for more money in order to buy these products. And so the The cold freeze being turned on circle continues. Meanwhile, it is obvious that Americans expect the President and congress to do something about getting the cost of living Russia by the western nations plummeted several more degrees when Great Britain, France and the three Benelux nations, after long negotiations, agreed on a 17- point mutual assistance pact. THAT the U. S. is involved In the agreement goes almost without saying, for without American sanction and at least an IrriDlied willine- ness to help out militarily in the event of aggression no western At lantic treaty would be worth a "whereas" or even a "hereinafter." Primary proposal in the clan calls for a pledge of mutual armed assistance by the U. S., Canada and the five western European nations in case one or more of them should be attacked. SECONDLY, it provides that the pact be left open to membership of certain other nations. It calls, also, for the setting up of military and political boards immediately after the pact's signature and ratification to make the treaty operate. Containing 17 points in all, the program of "agreed opinions" has been presented to the U. S. and Canada for consideration. There was no immediate reaction from the two governments on the matter, but it seemed logical to presume that the idea for such a treaty had received their prior blessings. Although the pact in its present form refrains from designating a fixed period of years for its life, it does recommend "a long duration." Actually, the five European governments have been thinking in terms of a period, but the decision on that is being left to the last stage of negotiations. RUSSIA as a nation peaceful or belligerent is scrupulously ignored In the document. Nowhere is any mention made of the Soviet Union. Nevertheless, the treaty itself offers grim proof of the fact that the western democratic nations have seen Bt to construct the nucleus of a great regional defensive alliance against Russia and the spread of communism. within reasonable bounds and to do it quick. On the other hand, labor, which backed Mr. Truman at the polls, and farmeis, who generally supported him, are expecting action as swift on legislation favorable to them. As administration leaders sought a course of action to satisfy all groups, congress said little for public consumption. Methods of price control, if any have been conceived,, have not been discussed. ONE THING, however, is clear. The situation poses the major test of how effective in solving the problem will be the cooperation of congress and the President. From Capitol Hill came persistent whispering that Mr. Truman's thumping victory did not necessarily arm him with the equivalent of a magic wand which he might wave over congress to bring about legislation in any form he may desire. Solution? Then there was a break on the inflation front. Americans who had come to accept the inevitability of the high cost of living raised their eyes with surprise over the de- velopment although it amounted to only the merest chink in the price barricade. TWO THINGS happened almost simultaneously: President Truman ordered administration agencies to work out a "definite" program to be presented to the Democratic anti-inflatio- n in congress January, and the bu- reau of labor statistics reported a f of 1 per cent in its dip of index for October. The significance of Mr. Truman's proposal for legislation was established; it was someto look forward to. But how thing much real importance should be attached to the almost infinitesimal break in the price line would remain to be -- een. FOR ONE thing, the price dip unless it grew to miraculous proportionswould not cancel out any measures, such as standby" price control and rationing, which might be imposed. Edwin G. Nourse, chairman of the President's council of economic advisors, opined that lowering of prices, washing out the need for drastic controls, would be "swell." But he didn't predict it would one-hal- n PEACEABLE: Party Line The official "line" of the Communist party has gone off on a new tangent in a tactic described as a "peace offensive" by U. S. intelligence authorities who reported the switch. WORD IS that the Kremlin has ordered peace propaganda and demonstrations of various kinds as the official party line for all Communist parties, organs and front organizations. The intelligence boys claimed that this ostensible about-fac- e would become apparent In the near future. Soviet rulers are supposed to be setting the stage for a world-wid"peace" maneuver as part of their cold war strategy to embarrass the United States and its western allies in the clash over the Berlin situation. How much will this spurious peace offensive mean? Literally nothing, as far as any genuine desire or effort for peace is concerned. The Russians haven't undergone a change of heart; their Sims are the same as always. n happen. Another top fiscal official said he believed inflationary forces still had the upper hand. And Chester e OPA boss, stated Bowles, one-tim- that congress "unquestionably" ould set against Inflation. The precise nature of the e pro- gram President Truman will lay before congress in January was no yet known probably not yet determined. Its general outline probably wilJ be made public when he delivers his "State of the Union" message in January. But there was little doubt that return to more or less stringent economic controls was in the cards fur 1949. KEEP DIGGING: A'o Tax Cut Atlantis Debunked If you take the word of Dr. Maurice Ewing of Columbia university, everyone who's been wailing around for tht fabled "lost continent" of Atlantis to show up may now relax. Dr Ewing says he has mapped, photographed, probed, sounded and visited ie ocean floor since 1935, and there Just Isn't any evidence of the mysterious continent. Atlantis was believed to have sunk in great prehistoric cataclysm. obliterans, more easily referred to as Buerger's disease. an lnflamation of the linings of the arteries. There was some speculation, also, to the effect that the king might have diabetes or hardening of the arteries. But the king's doctors weren't committing themselves. The five physicians described his symptom as "an obstruction to the circulation through the' arteries of the legs." THERE IS no known permanent oblitercure for thrombo-angiti- s ans. Anyone suffering from it might be expected to live out his normal span of years if he were careful, stayed off his feet and led a sheltered life. It was pointed out that standing and walking for hours at a time, which has been part of the king's job as figurehead of trie empire, has aggravated his condition. Part of the treatment will be to cut out this important part of his duties and as sign the walking and standing performances among other members of the royal household. Meanwhile, favoring his im perilled right foot. King George was conducting the business of state from his bedroom in Buckingham ' palace. People of the nations of the earth are going to see Christmas from an American viewpoint this I ' ; j ' hope for an income (ax cut well be ruled out now. This Is on the authority of Sen. Walter F. George (D , Ga.) who is returning to chairmanship of the senate finance committee. He has said that Increased aid to Europe and additional funds for national defense would bar any reductions. He estimated thai ERP would get an additioi al one or two billion All In January may as dollars. Atomic Researcher J I a f i am Dr. PATTERNS NEEDLEWORK ARTERIAL: Kingly President Hints Controls on Way As Cost of Living Drops Slightly; Western Mutual Aid Pact Prepared -- Thursday, December 9. 1948 THE TIMES- - NEWS. NEPHI, UTAH Frank D. Fackenthal, until recently acting president of Co- lumbia university, has been named as head of Associated Universities, Inc., which operates Brookhaven national laboratory at Upton, N. Y. The laboratory is financed by the U. S. government to provide facilities not available at universities, but essential to nuclear research. WAR RULES: Atomic The need for this sort of thing Is purely speculative at this point, but the International Red Cross is preparing to propose a new set of war rules that would compel nations to establish safety zones to protect civilians In the event of a future atomic war. THESE zones would be set up in the rear of combat areas of each battling nation. Belligerents, theoretically, would recognize them as shelter areas and would spare them from atomic attack. Treaty conventions outlining this new security zone principle now are being circulated to all nations prior to submission to a general diplomatic conference in March. Red Cross officials say they conceived the idea for large shelter areas as a result of their experiences in setting up neutral zones in Palestine. Three general types of people would be protected under the Red Cross plan: WOUNDED and sick persons, whether combatant or No Future to Presidency, Pension Plan Is Proposed To obtain complete crocheting instiim. tions and stitch illustrations for crochetletters tor Pot Luck ing and embroidering Holders (Pattern No. 5820) send 20 cents in coin, your name, address and pattern number. SEWING CIRCLE boulo. wells St. 53U By BAUKHAGE Enclose No. . 20 NEEDLEWORK Chicago 7 cents for pattern. WASHINGTON. Harry Truman, President, is going to be able to consider one measure which probably will come up in the approaching congress with more objectivity than some of his friends thought would be possible. It offers an answer to the question: what to do with Address- I T) News Analyst and Commentator. - The idea Is not entirely altruistic, although the United States in the past has shown rather shabby gratitude in tossing aside, without further concern, the man who has served as the republic's head. Many, if not most, of our formerschief executives might provide A Missouri newspaper editor, counsel and advice shortly after Bell's resolution was based on their ex- first introduced, claimed in an ediperience which torial that the pension idea was could be most valbut that the amount of his uable. Herbert alright, $50,000, seemed a little pension, Hoover is an exHe. like Mr. Taft, felt that high. ample. At pres- $25,000 a year would be a more ent, he Is renderequitable sum. Representative Bell's ing Important reply to that objection was that if service as head of congress did fix the figure at $50,000, the commission taxes would shortly whittle it down Presappointed by to $25,000 anyway. ident Truman Mr. Truman have been which jSIIHrfsa , has just touched with whatmay f 1 was intended as drawn up the plan solicitude on the 's part of his for the but he did, not feel the of governBAUKHAGE matter was of immediate concern. ment departments So far as the memory of this man which congress will consider at its runneth not to the contrary, there next session. have in recent years, been Hoover has served in many other more never, than two useful public capacities since he left the White House. He can afford to. Until the death of President CoolIndeed, he not only spent considerin 1933, he and Herbert Hoover able sums out of his private funds ldge were Coolidge had on secretarial and research assistearlier shared that position with ance when he was secretary of Chief Justice Taft until the latter's commerce, and later in the White death in 1930. Taft. who Uved to House, but he also voluntarily be 73 and old, turned back a part of his salary as outlived years Theodore Roosevelt and President in 1932 when, under the Woodrow Wilson. Economy act, the salaries of all "No office In the world togovernment employees were cut. day," wrote the English profesFranklin Roosevelt also turned sor of economics and political back part of his salary under that science, Harold J. Laskl, "carsame act. and later, in 1943. when ries with it greater responsibilihe was advocating a $25,000 ceiling ties than the presidency of the on au salaries, FDR volun again United States." to refunded the treasury a tarily No one who has made even a suportion of his own. perficial study of the duties of the Bat not all presidents are born president fails to realize how hard with, ar acquire, silver spoons. a job it is, bard in the sense of Few could afford the luxury of long hours, nervous strain, and working for nothing and so, physical effort. Since the death of when they leave office most Woodrow Wilson, brought on by his have to look around for a job. herculean efforts during and after former President World War I, much study has been Fortunately, William Howard Taft, in the years given to the problem of lessening before he was called back to Uncle the burden of the chief executive. Sam's workbench as chief justice Herbert Hoover has spoken of the of the. supreme court, possessed "vast and intolerable labor" of the enough of the world's goods so that marl who sits in the White House he could afford to render at least for four years or more. Merriman c services teaching in the Smith in his book: "A President Is Harvard law school a position Many Men," commenting on the which a man of slenderer means "complicated and burdensome" might have had to turn down in quality of the task, makes this pithy favor of a higher salary from some observation: "And his job is one purely private enterprise. His son. with no future." Sen. Robert Taft, mentioned this The "ex" has a value and the recently when he suggested that problem of finding it can be solved former presidents should receive a easily by congress without the 0 substantial pension, "perhaps knowledge of algebra. Shift furniture occasionally so that legs will not crush rugs in spots. Glaze sweet potatoes with semi-publi- - $25,-00- a year." also should have of the senate floor, Taft believes, with the right to speak, but not to vote, on pending legislation- - In so honoring them the nation would benefit. the privileges Coolldge might or might not have welcomed an opportunity to take on some governmental responsibility after bis presidential term expired. As It was, be accepted a lucrative position with an Insurance company and continoed his private law practice as well nntil be died. Most presidents leave the White House poorer than when they went in. Franklin Roosevelt wrote a $2,000 personal check every month to meet White House expenses, and ' ' other recent residents have estimated that they bad to go down into the old sock to the tune of $25.000 , a year over and above what the gov ernment gives them, to meet the cost of living in the executive mansion. Why Not Provide For When the pollsters were writing Harry Truman as merely an "ex," come January 20, the proponents of the Idea of providing for former chiefs of the United States were pointing out that Harry Truman does not bave the private means that Franklin Roosevelt or Herbert Hoover had. There was some talk that Mr. Truman might run for representative of his home state as President John Quincy Adams did. Adams served 17 years in the house and, if anything, increased his prestige by doing so. But Mr. Truman's fellow Missourlan, Rep. C. Jasper Bell, had another Idea in July of 1948 during the last session of the 79th congress. He proposed that the house and senate enact a bill to provide an annual pension of $50,000 for men who had served as president of the What, No Brass? United States. Bell pointed out that army officers, congressmen, senaA noted industrialist, who was war time brigadier general, has tors, cabinet members, heads of come up with a proposal that mili- government departments, and even the most humble of federal work tary brass hats should divest them- ers are provided with retirement selves of Insignia, and that West Point and Annapolis should be con- pay and he couldn't see why the verted into postgraduate schools head of the federal government should be discriminated against in oppn to all ranks. The author of these proposals Is this regsrd. He felt that in the long Robert Wood Johnson, chairman of run, retirement pay for a chief ex the Johnson tt Johnson surgical ecutive would be a step toward better government. firm. off 17. cur- rant jelly by spreading the jelly over the surface of the precooked potatoes and heating in the oven. o Prevent peeling off or discolora- 58 20 tion of labels on medicine bottles, canned goods, etc., by running a strip of scotch tape directly over the writing. Useful Potholders fellow-show-me- i CHILDREN under 15, expectant mothers or mothers of children under seven, and the aged over 65. PERSONS entrusted with the control and management of the zones and the care of those in them. Although these proposals cannot be formally binding until after approval by the diplomatic convention, officials view them as o extremely important that they arc urging all countries to abide by them morally without waiting for formal treaty signing. In addition to the atomic security zone proposal, other projected war rules would cover treatment of prisoners, prohibit kidnapings and the taking of hostages. Also, the Red Cross wants to outlaw the current Russian practice of living off the land In occupied areas. Gay Potholders Are' Fine Gift YOU can crochet these clever and ever so useful sugar and creamer potholders in no time at all. The .pair illustrated were made of white cotton, trimmed with a bold blue. A grand idea oj kitchen showers. MS Ii ASK ? SCOTT'S ANOTHER ? A say many old folks about good tasting EMULSION ThouMiidt of happy folk! know thia I Good- taatfav Scott's Emulsion helps you ward off eslds helps yon set well faster and helps yea keep coins stress when year diet needs more natural AD Vitamins! Scott's is a HIGH ENERGY FOOD TONIC rioa In natural A&D Vitamin aad enersT-bnildin- s natural piL Try tt I See how well yon fed. Easy to take and nicest. Economical. Buy today at your drus store General Quiz 1. What color is heliotrope? 2. Which is the largest planet? 3. How long does a dollar bill remain in circulation? 4. How many casualties did the U. S. suffer in World War II? 5. In what state is divorce not obtainable for any cause? 6. How many presidential candidates have failed to get a majority of electoral votes after receiving the largest popular vote? 7. What is the temperature of a match flame? than just a tonic it' powerful nourishment! MORE The Answers 1. It is a pinkish violet. 2. Jupiter. 3. Only nine, months. 4. According to latest 948,418. ME-"!- C figures, 5. South Carolina. 6. Two. Samuel J. Tilden and Grover Cleveland. 7. About 2,300 degrees Fahrenheit. ( SHOULD A that makes folks sleep all night! sleep undisturbed because Thousands now of the news that Uien- - being awakened night after night might bt frm bladder wrUatim no tk tiinV- - Let's hope sol That's s condition PUls usually allay within 2 hours. Since Foley baa. oer irritation is bo prevalent and Foley Pi If 1 Pills must benalit you withins rotent orFoley DOUBLE YOUH MOJEY BACK. Make test. Get Foley Pilla from druK- D0UBLK VOU ilOVEY BACtCti0a " MM MWL S. Population Growth Studied Change to SAHO the Safer Cigarette with What size population do we want for the United States? Or does it make any difference? The question is important enough to merit a continuing study by the U. S. commerce department, and the conclusions which have been reached so far appear to have an important bearing on the problem of securing world peace. "Whatever the future of "world organization, the relative population of the various nations will be a matter of profound importance in determining the shape of things to come." That statement was made in a report by the national committee on immigration policy, beaded by Earl G. Harrison, which is plumping for immigration increases in this country. In 1923 the commerce department estimated that a population of at least 200 million and very probably 300 million could be supported in the U. S. without lowering the habitually high American standard of living. The Harrison group pointed out that "even If we accept the lowest figure, if is still 35 millions more than the peak which the American population will reach in No a Subsfif uf . tto Mecsca d Sano's scientific process cuts nico tine content to half that of ordinary cigarettes. Yet skillful blending makes every puff s pleasure. FLEMINO-RAXTOBACCO CO, INC K. T. A mwt botd m esnHisMw lean f yepalor srsaaa ASK tout 0OCTOI ABOUT SAHQ CIClUTni X MO. "Why pay for water? tare, yet thrttyl Nourishing Oro-Pu-p. only e made. Is 2 food one box contains about as much food, dry weight, as five vua ui uui iuuu vmaiij are mio water;. Royal Ribbon-typ- GRO-PU- 8 1990." These are some of the assertions the group made in a special report on immigration and population policy: Population of the U. S. should be 159 million in 1970. That of Russia should be 251 million an extremely sharp increase. Italy, Spain and countries back of the iron curtain also are expected to show popula tlon gains. For other nations: Population ol Germany. Denmark and Finland will remain approximately stationary, while the population of Eng land, France, Sweden and Swltzer land is expected to hit a downward trend. By the end of this century ana that's only about 51 years away, remember tht population of the United States will be proportionate ly smaller In relation to Russia. China and Indls than it Is now. It means that the great, teeming population masses of Asia are mov Ing forward numerically with a force and memorability that Is bound to exert a profound effect on "the shape of things to come." KAN Ol COM Tn n sVtf-- . 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