|Rights||No Copyright - United States (NoC-US)|
|Publisher||Digitized by J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah|
t 4 PACE TWO THE News Review of Current Events the World Over Italy and Germany Recognize Insurgent Regime in Pact Angers Russia Spain Tugwell Resigns President on Unemployment. Anti-Communi- By st W. PICKARD EDWARD Western Newipaper Union. X IU.SSOLINI and Hitler threw 1T1 Eurcpe into spasms of alarm REPRESENTATIVE RAYMOND isn't waiting for the "silly season" to a fine democratic frenzy open. In he hat prepared and says he will introduce in congress resolution, "asking the President to forbid our ambassadors and other representatives from participating in any official capacity in the coronation ceremonies and the marriage ceremony of the king of England." The resolution describes the coronation as "latent propaganda for monarchy," and added that "it is improper for a free republic to participate in ceremony of obsequious homage to an hereditary ruler." It may be stated that the matter of King Edward's romance with Mrs. Wally Simpson Is now discussed guardedly in the British press and with considerable heat by the nobility and churchmen of England. His majesty continues to see Wally frequently but has given no intimation to the world that he will marry her. '"PHAT sea level ship canal across A Florida from the Atlantic to the by suddenly calling into session the Gulf, condemned by the army en ministerial councils of Italy and gineers' board as not Justified, start and ed by the New Deal and stopped Germany rJT-i.J-- 1 causing them to rec-- f wnen congress refused to appro s ognize formally the priate more funds, probably will government now be pushed on to completion, Jrascisi Francisco The army engineers, having been asked by the President for a re i i envcrnmpi.t of war. visory report, have submitted one torn spam. 11 was holding that the project would be ME. ERNESTINE SCHUMANN-HEINtaken for granted justified "in the public interest" one of the greatest that Austria and on absolute reversal of opinion. The Hungary would fol board also found that the canal operatic and concert contraltos of low suit. Maj. Ra would cost only $162,935,000, Instead the period, died in Hollywood, to the sorrow of the nation generally mon Franco, broth of $223,440,000, as estimated on De especially of the men of the Gen. Franco er of the Spanish In cember 30, 1933, when material costs and chieftain. were substantially lower than they A. E. F. for whom she sang throughsurgent had been In Rome and probably now are. So far the sum of $5,400,000 out the war. A German by birth, she loved intensely her adopted informed II Duce that the general, has been spent on the project whose attacks on Madrid were meet country of America. Her family was split asunder by the war, one of ing with unexpected resistance, GUY TUGWELL her sons being killed as a German might lose the war unless he were T) EXFORD known as the No. 1 braintrustsoldier and another dying in action Riven active support by the nations that sympathized with his cause. er, has resigned from his post as as a member of the American undersecretary of agriculture and forces. Mussolini and Hitler did not immediadmin- - r ately announce that they would quit resettlement lstrator and acceptthe international agreement for inPRESIDENT ROOSEVELT'S re- tervention in Spain, but it was be- ed the executive port to the senate committee of his campaign expenditures shows lieved they would soon be shipping vice presidency of that the cost of his to munitions to Franco's armies. They the American Mo lasses company, of y himself was exactly $670. withdrew their diplomatic represenwhich another Robert Jefferys. secretary of the tatives from Madrid and arranged Charles W. t , to send others to the rebel govcommittee, said he had not yet reTaussig. Is presi-den- t ceived report from Gov. Alf M. ernment. Landon, but understood that most Great Britain and Russia were A. and a third, A.a Berle, Jr., is of his expenses were borne by the stunned by the action of the two Republican national committee. dictators and cabinet meetings were director. In accept iffj ing the resignation William Lemke, Union party pres hurriedly called. The British are the G. R. Tugwell President wrote idential nominee, reported he spent determined not to be drawn into to Mr. Tugwell: "Later on I fully $2,866 and received contributions to the Communist-Fascis- t conflict but to ask you to come back taling $5,753. The Prohibition they believe that Italy and Ger- expect to render additional service." Mr, party's candidate for President, Dr. many, especially the former, have will serve on a special Leigh Colvin, listed expenditures of designs in the Mediterranean that Tugwell would peril Britain's seaway to the committee of 38 Just appointed by $1,106 and contributions of $1,131. Orient and. are preparing to meet the President to study the farm any such threat Russia's reaction tenancy problem. The new reset CMRST of the big groups that aid- ed in the of Presi was awaited breathlessly, and the tlement administrator is W. W. AIsoviet government was being pro- exander, who has been first assist dent Roosevelt to call on him for their reward, the steel workers voked still further by the fact that ant. John G. Winant who resigned as have asked that the Chief Executive General Franco declared a blockade of the port of Barcelona, cap- head of the social security board recommend to the next congress the take part in the Presidential elec passage of legislation outlawing ital of the almost independent prov-fcic- e to of Catalonia. This move cer- tion campaign, has resumed that company unions and forbidding coat the urgent request of ercion of workers by employers. tainly was made to stop the landing position of munitions and food from Russia Mr. Roosevelt and is directing the George A. Patterson and Elmer Malol, employee representatives destined for the Spanish loyalist big task of enrolling the future old of the Carnegie-Illinoi- s Steel com forces. England, France and other age pensioners. pany, carried this request to the nations were greatly concerned over the blockade, for the port is largely SAILING from Charleston aboard White House. The Carnegie Illinois company used by their shipping. The Spanish , Indianapolis for has offered employees a 10 per cent rebels have created a strongly forti- Buenos Aires and the fied port at Palma on the island of peace conference. President Roose wage increase on condition that Maliorca that can be used as a velt directed the release of a state workers sign an agreement to per adjustment of wages to the cost base for bombardment of Barcement in which he announced that mit of living. At his press conference lona from the sea. Blockading vesthe government will continue to Roosevelt said living sels may be supplied by Portugal, spend money on a work relief pro- President which warned neutral shipping to gram until July I, 1938 at least It costs should not be permitted to opavoid the Barcelona port, though is estimated that congress will be erate to curb wage increases. FurLisbon had not yet formally rec- asked to appropriate as much as thermore, Secretary of Labor Per kins ruled informally that the em $1,500,000,000 for relief in the next ognized Franco's government. ployee representatives had no auAn almost humorous note came session. thority to sign such an agreement from Geneva where League of NaAlthough he professed himself for their fellow employees. tions observers asserted that the gratified at the inroads upon unem Italo - German recognition of the ployment by industry, the President T N HIS first press conference since Spanish insurgents violated Article commented upon the fact that pri the Presidential election Harry 10 of the covenant which demands vate business has not yet absorbed L. Hopkins, works progress adminthat league members respect "ter- vast masses of the unemployed and istrator, asserted his belief that re ritorial integrity and the existing that millions of persons remain on lief a11 u: ....... .. " 7 s1 would ho nt the Inwpolitical independence of all mem the Works Progress administration - -- t bers of the league." They seem to pay roll and other governmental est point since the have forgotten how the league agencies. start of the depresabandoned Manchuria to Japan and jur. itooseveit declared it was sion. He estimated that Ethiopia to Italy not so long ago. "widely known" that many of the The Italian grand council, with largest industries will not hire work 3.750,000 families Mussolini presiding, voted to sup- ers over forty years of age. To a ana single persons fc, :':.. he extent this charged, policy would be receiving port the Duce's policies by giving large him more airplanes, more guns, is responsible for the relatively federal and local more warships and more men. It large number of older workers on aid January 1, 1937, I 1 was frankly stated' that the reason relief. And industry must expand opportunities for the hiring of un- of 531(5000 in Jan. for this was the threatening H. L. Hopkins situation. Italian opinion skilled workers, he said. uary, 1935. The mayors of the United States, 'I think," Hopkins said confi was that if France joined Russia in in annual conference in Washington, dently, "that we will go into Janaiding the formation of a radical were gratified by assurances from uary of this year caring for 1,000.- with its Spanish government capital t Barcelona in event that Mad- both Harold Ickes, head of the 000 less cases than a year ago and rid fell to the Fascists there would PWA, and Harry Hopkins, head of a reduction of about 1,500,000 from the WPA, that the administration 1935. be great danger of general war. will not cease its spending efforts The administrator's attention was to keep alive the emergency orcalled to the fact that latest figures COMPLICATING the already com-ple- x ganizations intended to deal with showed that 3,498,012 persons were European situation and di- the unemployment problem. employed the first two weeks of Ocrectly threatening war is the alleged "I am convinced," Ickes said, tober, an increase of 29,020 over the fact that Germany and Japan have "that the PWA should be made a preceding half month. He explained united to fight the spread of comthis by pointing out that the drouth permanent agency of government and extheir that munism, pact is will expire June 30 next On that in the Midwest added 32,831 destiIt to be adhered to by Italy pected will not be tute farmers to his WPA project and perhaps various central Eu- date, many projects a law list completed. Necessarily, ropean nations. This is of course should be passed giving time within directed mainly against soviet Rus- which to complete the tasks alrpMPLOYER corporations were sia, and Moscow is actively aware ready undertaken." hit by a ruling of the National of the menace. It is understood the 1929 level Labor Relations board ordering the that the agreement provides that of Hopkins predicted production would be reached next dissolution of the "industrial counGermany and Japan shall keep year. "Yet the end of our troubles cil plan" of the International Harstrong military forces in East Prussia and Manchukuo respectively; seems a long way oft," he remarked. vester company at the plant in Fort Ind. that the two nations shall exchange "There were about 1,800,000 un Wayne, While the ruline dealt nnlv with even at the 1929 peak, employed information and military orders, Indiana slant, the board nnlnt. and that in certain contingencies but next year, with the same vol- the eC out that the same plan also ex of ume production, pre carefully Germany shall supply Japan with pared estimates indicate that there ists in the other 14 Harvester plants war materials. in the United States and Canada. It An Immediate source of friction will still be some 614 to 7V4 millions sets a precedent also for future debetween Germany and Russia is unemployed." cisions in regard to similar plans the arrest of 23 Germans in Moscow in other manufacturing plants and Leningrad under charges of POR more than ten years the throughout the country. to insteal secret plotting American government has tueen military formation, to wreck industrial building monuments of the World has torn up ADOLF HITLER plants and to kill government lead- war on French and Belgian battle clause nf th Vorcallloa ers. Berlin protested the arrests fields and memorial chapels in the the one that internationalbut the soviet officials replied that eight American military cemeteries treaty ized the German rivers and canals. all formalities governing such cases in France, Belgium and England. He has announced that the relch has bad been observed and that several This work is now completed and resumed sovereignty over all such of the prisoners had confessed their the American Battle Monuments waters. The treaty clause was deguilt The German propaganda min- commission, of which General Per- signed partly to give Czechoslovakia istry said the story of the German-Japanes- e shing is chairman, recommends free access to the sea, and that agreement which came that the structures be dedicated next nation now has agreed with Belfrom Moscow, was a "periodic lie" July, twenty years after America's to protest formally against which this time was intended to entry into the war. The approval gium action. British Foreign Germany's German sidetrack protests against of the President and congress is re Minister Eden rather mildly critithe arrests. quired. cized Hitler's course. M ?; brain-truste- r, .. -- . 5: inter-Ration- al Thursday, November 26, 1936 NEPIII, UTAH TIMES-NEW- S, 'r .. BRISBANE Scottie Pup Mascot Livens Things Up! j" THIS WEEK End of the Treaty There is n "era of going the rounds that is quite different or than anything we Good Feeling have had since early In 1929. It is being promoted with a great deal of enthusiasm and present results as well as indications justify the rromotlon work that is going on in the New Deal press agent circles. This era of good feeling is quite an interesting thing from another angle, namely, politics. It Is being used by the politicians again to establish President Roosevelt In the same situation as he found himself at the beginning of his first term in thi White House. I am afraid be is being built up again as superman and. in politics, a superman or his position is bard to maintain in Washington. good feeling" Era the public mind. Business also is Indulging in this era of good feeling. Business always puts its best foot forward, just as lovers do. It wants to develop a spirit of good will on the part of the public and it wants to show its financial backers how things are coming There is nothalong all hunky-dory- . ing wrong in the attitude. It is perfectly logical and human and it is very interesting to see this wave of healthy feeling grow. The important as well as the interesting, thing about this era of good feeling is that to the expert students it shows a gradual, if not conclusive, decline in depression conditions. It proves that things are on the up grade not that they ire at the top yet, but that momentum is being established which may carry the economic recovery to the top if the federal government settles down and treats business with fairness. As I said above, New Deal press agents are promoting this business recovery for all that it is worth. Naturally, they are attributing it to the of Mr. Roosevelt as tr- basic factor in this upward surg of business. The) are capitalizing it to the fullest because by so capitalizing it the political its due share of party in power credit There is no doubt that they will continue on this course because everyone likes to read or hear about improved business conditions, restoration of dividend payments, in creasing volume of traffic, any and all things that show the nation is slowly but surely getting back on its economic feet While the New Dealers are shouting from the housetops how President Roosevelt has accomplished all of these things, there comes a discordant note from business itself. Business leaders. Just like politicians, want credit for whatever is accomplished, whether they are responsible or someone else. They do not care any more than politicians whether the credit properly is theirs. It is simply an exposition of the vain, glorious trait that seems to exist in nearly everyone. gf-i- s Business Is seeking to show that it is pulling itself together, open ing new factories, Whose raising wages, in the Credit spite of NevKneal wfwjs handicaps that some of those""oli-cie- s include. So, business is seeking to counterbalance the politicians and the politicians, speaking through New Deal press statements, are trying to fortify their own position as saviors of the country. Neither one is correct Without doing too much debunking, I believe it ought to be said that President Roosevelt and his associates have executed some government policies that have been helpful to the business structure. With equal frankness, it ought to be said that business leaders have taken the bull by the horns and have proceeded to help materially in putting commerce and Industry back on the right track gain. Neither one ought to take too much credit Some credit i due each but neither one nor both together is entitled to claim all of the credit for the recovery of business that is now underway. The answer to the upward swing of business lies chiefly In the fact that the depression has worn itself out It would have worn Itself out just the same whether the administration was New Deal or Republican. It would have accomplished just as much In the way of expanded buying power and increased production whether Mr. Roosevelt was or whether he had been defeated and Governor Landon of Kansas had been elected at the end of the recent national campaign. I am reminded by this discussion of a remark that the late Eugene Black made while he was governor of the Federal reserve board. On that occasion I asked him whether there were signs of the end of the depression. His reply was, "not yet" He added, however, that the depression would destroy itself as try other depression in history had done and that when this point o exhaustion had been reached. policies commerce and industry would take an upward swing. Then, he added with reference to some of the eco nomic students of the administra tion in power: "It will wear Itself out and good times will come back again and every doggone professor and economic theorist in the world will try to claim credit for it" So, I think It can be said without equivocation that if anybody or any thing is entitled to credit for the indicated recovery movement we had better be fair and admit it was a combination of circumstances, not the least of which was the natural law of supply ai.d demand. It seems utterly silly to me for any individuals or groups of individuals to attempt to corral all of the praise. Those who have access to the mar ket pages of the great metropolitan ... daily newspapers must have been truge Increases Impressed by the fire rapidfrom nouncements coming big in dustrial corporations of waes in. creases, bonuses for employees and melon cut tin z in the form nf riivl. dends for the shareholders. They must have been Impressed, likewise, with the share rise in lty prices that obviously has re flected the expanded ousiness and increased earnings. A prosperous nation may not always be a haDDV one but thpre Is a certain psychology about a prosper- oi i nation that makes it carefree. It is a psychology that makes this average man and woman forget to a large extent about the recent pinch of economic disnlacpmpnts and, as well, those same people are inclined to disregard and give no consideration to the morrow. Let us look into those circum stances. When coroorations or nthpr forms of business have reasonable years in their particular lines, early in tne winter they begin tc see what the year's total will be. They can figure rather accurately what the returns will be in the last two months, say, after they have made their totals for the first ten months of the year. So, whenever they reach that stage in a reasonably successful year they can make their plans for distribution of the profits. Now, we have a tremendouslv high tax rate on corporation sur pluses and we have rather high tax rates on incomes of individuals. Corporations and other businesses, therefore, start figuring how to do the best they can with the earnings of the year. Some of them determine that their employees should share substantially in the profits of their labors; others want to distribute as much of these earnings as they may to their stockholders because such a showing creates a demand in the market for their shares and such a demand is influential in establishment of the corporation's credit for borrowing money if it needs to borrow from the banks. In either event corporation managements obviously give considerations to the tax the corporation would have to pay and I think it is not a matter of condemnation for them to turn over as much of their profit as they can to those interested in the business instead of to a government which wastes so much. To be perfectly fair, It must be said that the money now being distributed either in dividends or in bonuses to workers or in wage increases was earned before the recent election. Its distribution, however, is motivated largely on prospects for the future. In other words, those responsible for these distributions of earnings feel that they can let that money out of their hands. They may not be distributing all of the sums available but the "era of good feeling" is accepted by all of them as indicating the chances for continued earnings are bright I have merely touched on the an- ef- fect of .distribution of earnings among the holders How It of capital. It is Workt Out l"st as important to consider the effect of distribution of these earnings on the laboring classes. Labor has been convinced under the American system for many years that it is entitled to some share of the profits from its products. Employers are taking that same view to a greater extent than anywhere else in the world. When labor gets bonuses or gets increases in its pay, there is a reaction among those workers who have sound judgment that prompts them to do the best they can on their jobs. That is to say, they become contented workers and they are less susceptible to the propaganda of radicals who seek to promote strikes and labor disturbances to further the ends ol communism. That is a part of the era of good feeling at much as the added earnings oi corporations or the enjthusiasm of politicians over victory. (9 Wtitera lfwppr Unioa. Millions for New Farms Too Maaj Apologies The Mirror Monocle Chancellor Hitler has demolished the remaining fragments of the Ver sailles treaty, no tifying the great powers that they may no longer control, as they have done since 1918, the principal rivers of Germany. The Rhine, Elbe, Oder and Danube rivers, within German territory, now return to German and control conFrance is tent to ask other powers to Join a protest. Mere protests amount to little in European diplomacy, as the world learned from the Ethiopian war. That settles, finally, the Versailles treaty, a foolish effort to enslave a nation that made the emergence of this, or some other. Hitler inevitable. Arthur Brisbane Mr. Tugwell seeks an appropriation of five hundred million dollars to provide poverty - stricken farmers, now on worthless farms, with other land that will support them; also barns, houses, He thinks $50,000,000 a year for ten years would do the work, and plans to vacate 9,000,000 "worthless acres." Anything that will diminish human misery is desirable, even though incompetency may be in part responsible for the trouble. In England, the government guided by experts, is making excellent pasture lands of soil that was worthless. Our government might investigate that process. Pattera 5006 Hoot, mon here's a wee Scottie that every laddie or lassie would yearr to cuddle How the youngsters will love and admire him for his gay plaid coat, yarn whiskers and soft figure. He's easily and quickly made, too and f.titched in bright, inexpensive cotton fabric, he's a real "scotch" treat! Why not send for the simple pattern today, and make Scottie for. a Jolly, appropriate gift? In pattern 5006 you will find a pattern for the dog; complete directions for making it, and material requirements. To obtain this pattern send 15 cents in stamps or coins (coins preferred) to The Sewing Circle, Household Arts Dept., 259 W. 14th Street, New York, N. Y. Write plainly pattern number, your name and address. I Foreign Words and Phrases Alis volat propriis. (L.) She flies with her own wings. (Motto of Oregon.) Beaux yeux. (F.) Pretty eyes; feminine charms. Coram populo. (L.) Publicly. Deus ex machina. (L.) The God from the machine; the person who unexpectedly saves the situation. En famille. (F.) Within the family circle; without ceremony. Flagrante bello. (L.) During hostilities. Hoch soli er leben! (Ger.) Long life to him! Jettatura. (It.) The possession of the "evil eye"; the power of exerting a malign influence over an enemy. L'etat, e'est moi. (F.) The state, I am the state. (A saying attributed to Louis XIV.) Mesalliance. (F.) A marriage with one of lower station, or an inferior. Ora e sempre. (It.) Now and always. General Markham, chief army engineer, advises putting an air base in the harbor of our Midway island, far away in the Pacific ocean. The War Department says, apologetically, that this would be a commercial development although it might be useful for defense. Why an apology? Nobody in Eu rope, Asia or Africa apologizes to us for building an air base, or asks our opinion about it The War department savs there Is no treaty obligation forbidding such an air base. If there were, Wealth Is Relative what of it? Treaties can be can Wealth, after all, is a relative celled, and should be when they are foolish or unjust for further thing, since he that has little, and wants less, is richer than he that details, ask Hitler. has much, but wants more. Germans are said to be wearing a new eyeglass called a "s nv mon ocle. " Arranged to look like the ramary single eyeglass, the "spy monocle" is arranged with a mir ror, permitting the wearer to look behind him and see if there is anybody listening to his conversation German police eagerly discourage any one wno suggests that the Nazi government is not perfect The opening of the Bay bridge. connecting San Francisco and Oakland, California, is important not only to California and the two united cities, but to the whole country. This magnificent bridge, elimi nating ferries on the bay that separates San Francisco and Oakland, is a magnificent accomplishment o engineering and public spirit Mr. Green's American Federa tion of Labor decides on a "fight to a showdown" with Mr. Lewis' "Committee for Industrial Organi zation," which wants to unionize all the 30,000,000 workers not yet organized, and seems to include taking over Mr. Green and his fed- eration Col-to- n. A Three Days' Cough Is Your Danger Signal No matter how many medicines you have tried for your cough, chest cold or bronchial irritation, you can get relief now with Creomulsion. Serious trouble may be brewing and you cannot afford to take a chance with anything less than Creomulsion, which goes right to the seat of the trouble to aid nature to soothe and heal the inflamed membranes as the germ-ladphlegm Is loosened and expelled. Even if other remedies have failed, don't be discouraged, your druggist is authorized to guarantee Creomulsion and to refund your money if you are not satisfied with results from the very first bottle. Get Creomulsion right now. (Adv.) en also. Next on the program appears to be a big labor fight: Mr. Green is thoughtful, wise; Mr. Lewis is forceful, determined. The outcome cannot be predicted. The outside citizen will pray that there may not be too much interference with returning prosperity. A greatly increased demand for tools shows that more men are getting jobs, and announcements of new wage increases, big and little, are many. Twenty-thre- e more firms have announced better wages for 28,000 more workers. An average Increase of $130 a year, less than 50 cents a day. might seem unimportant but it means one hundred and thirty million more dollars that 1,000,000 workers will have to spend, in a year. That is not unimportant England intends next time to devote her energy and strength to protecting herself. Sir Samuel Hoare, first lord of the admiralty, says England has n o "commitments" like those of 1914, that would compel her to send troops to the continent if war should start She will do as she pleases, which means that she will probably stay at home, busy with enemy airplanes, perhaps helping to finance friends on the continent as she did in the Napoleonic wars, as she did before and since. C Kins feature Syndic!, Is. WNU Service. REMEDIES FEET HURT? rllf 80c. Writ th Arch pair of hand mau folt arch Quick Maker for lupporta and sho alza. pad. Stata average ARCH HXD,- - - . MAKES 111 K. Broadway Glendala, Calif. AGENTS GrtnstnnMi different ft. galea fnaran-teeSapphire, Topai, Arflethyat, !5c. Stamp-a- d envelop. W. MeCampbeU, Calexlco, Cai. 10 r0 you suffer burning, scanty or too frequent urination; backache, headache, dizziness, loss of energy, leg pains, swellings and puffiness under the eyes? Are you tired, nervous feel all unstrung and don't know what is wrong? T''en ?!v ,om thought to your kidneys. Ee sure they function properly for functional kidney disorder permits excess waste to stay in the and to poison and upset the blood, whole: system. Use Doan's Pills. Doan's are for the kidneys only. They are recommended the world over. You can get the gend Doan's at any drug uine, store. time-teste- d.