THE LEGION IS PRAISED CHANNING H. COX, COtMassachusetts, speaking AMERICAN the stat of at convention of the American Legion held at Pitts- field recently, praised the Le-gion as patriots at a time when patriots are needed. He said: "At times when it has seemed that the people had forgotten their obligations to their state and nation, the Legion has al- ways called their attention to them. It was the Legion that came to the rescue last Patriots' day in Boston. It rallied a pa- rade through the streets of the state capital and averted the effects of the propaganda which was being circulated at that time. On Armistice day, too, with the huge demonstration In Boston the Legion showed Its It means strong right arm. much to have you men who know your duty and do It, of conserving the patriotism of the people of this country, and your leadership is Indeed appropriate and timely." 1.1:6101-- 1 Copr tor Thl Department Supplied by tbe Amerioaji Legion News Service.) JAMES DRAIN, NEW LEGION COMMANDER Jam eg A. Drain, who was elected national commander of the American Legion at its sixth annual convention at St. Paul, Minn., has had a long and active career In the National Guard and In the army, and has taken a leading part In the program of the Legion. Commander Drain has decided to move to Indianapolis and will administer the affairs of the Legion from national headquarters there, as did Past Commander John R. Qulnn. He expects, It is understood, to devote most of his time and energy to building juj the Internal organization of the Region. He declared that the Legion will adhere strictly to its policy of no political entanglements. Mr. Drain served for 20 months as commander of the department of the District of Columbia. He has been active in rehabilitation work. He served as chairman of the Fourth dis- - A r a Y iT J X jf X 'f n A James A. trlct rehabilitation fit1--- Drain. committee of the Legion, which is, because of its location at the national capital, extremely important. The new commander has been a member of the national executive committee of the Legion and also of the board of directors of the American Legion Weekly. Rising from private to brigadier general, the new Legion head began bis military career in the National Guard of the state of Washington. He was a captain In the Spanish-Ameriai- n war. In the World war he was ordnance oflicer with the tank corps, later serving as a member of n tank commission. the Warren county, Illinois, Is the birthplace of Commander Drain. He was born on September 50, 1S70. He has practiced law in Nebraska, Washington Ftate, New York city and In the national capital. He Is chairman of the executive committee of the National Guard association and president of the National Rifle association of America An?,'lo-America- American Legion Helps Widow in Need of Aid of Ohio who had two sons the service, one having died in service nnd one since as a result of service, beld two compensation checks received by her sen but not indorsed by him before bis death. The burial expenses for her son amounted to more than S.'pOO. She needed cash. Her son had told her before his death that If, after his death, she needed advice end assistance to go to the American Legion. She did. Through the agency of the American legion the Probate court was prevailed upon to execute administration1 papers at a cost of $20 less than In usual cases and the checks were redrawn In favor of the wid'w. Claim was made by the service department of the Legion for wlcath compensation for the widow and 'in less than three weeks the claim was allowed by the bureau and the widow granted a death compensation of $27 a month until i A widow In much-neede- d Tyndall Appreciative In a bulletin read before the officers division and men of the Thirty-eight- h and (me Hundred and Fiftieth Held artillery of Indiana. MaJ. Gen. Robert H. Tyndall, national treasurer of the American Legion, expressed his appreciation to the men of his command for their efficient and enthuslilstlc cooperation In the recent field maneuvThe ers held at Camp Knox, Ky. "Cyclone" division took an Important part In tht maneuvers which were un- dertaken In preparation for National Defense day, September 12. Donated Silver Cup Mrs. Frederick W. Vanderbllt of few York occupied a box at the water and "gymkhana" carnival sports Riven at liar Harbor, Maine, under the usptcnM of the American Legion. Mrs. Vanderbllt donated a silver cup for th thnrtot race, the concluding feature. Capt. Donald B. MacMillan Is back from another of his Arctic trips he makes less ado about them than some of us make over a summer vacation. This time he and his party of six were gone fifteen months. They reached a point within 11 degrees of the North pole, where their schooner, the Bowdoln, was frozen in for 820 days. This point was off the coast cf North Greenland, within 20 miles ot f Y X $ X The things that will or will not make good news copy vary greatly with the passing of the years. Announcement that the Union Veteran Legion would hold Its annual national convention some time in September In Altoona, Pa., made only a bare inch of newspaper copy. "And who, and what. Is the Union Veteran Legion anyway, that they should be given even an inch of space in the newspapers? I don't recollect ever having heard of them," you say. Which is rather surprising, for at one time in the nation's history the Union Veteran Legion was making column after column of breathless copy. Sherman's march to the sea made good copy in e those days stuff that was avidly read by a grateful populace. But that was more than a half century ago and news values change and the makers of much of that copy, the Union Veteran Legion, are dropped from the first page entirely and get only a skimpy Inch on an inside sheet. However, there are those In these United States who read the newspapers rather carefully, among them the American Legion, and the bare Inch of copy concerning the proposed national convention of the Union Veteran Legion was sufficient to catch the eye of American Legionnaires of Altoona and interest them to such an extent that a committee was immediately appointed to aid the Union Veteran Legion in preparing for their In appointing national convention. the committee to help the Union Veteran Legion with their convention, the American Legion was motivated by " the following facts : To be a member of the Union Veteran Legion one must have been a volunteer and have served not less than three years In the Civil war. Most of the surviving members of the organization are very old, and the "toll, harassments and uncertainty of preparing for a national convention would be a severe strain upon the strength of the veterans of '04. So the American Legion decided to lift th't load from the shorUlers of their venerable comrades to enable them to be free to enjoy themselves without the worries and trials Incident to the administration of a convention. Takes Rap at Wealthy Women Who Seek Honor If bachelors of the Legion could only figure out some way to induce rich American heiresses to heed the words o Gov. Pat M. NeiT of Texas when he addressed the sixth annual contention of the Texas department of the Legion, they would, as the saying goes, "be sitting pretly." Governor NelT sympathized as follows: I have no patience and vpry little respect for those wealthy American daughters who are willing to trade thel" wealth to nn empty European title. If I were an American girl I would rather be the wife of an American Legionnaire, though of humble monns, than the wife of a silly duke with no other claim than that he Is the son of some queen and lives among the pictures of a forgotten past." Notables Present at Ball Given by Legion When the Legion gives a party It generally has the company of most folks worth while, and such proved to be the case at the grond bnll given at the state convention of the Legion at Iittslleld. Mass., recently, which the following personages attended: Gov. Cliannlng H. Cox, Mayor James M. Curley of Boston, Senator David I. Walsh, MaJ. Gen. Clarence R. Kd- wards, Commander Ham, G. A. It.; Mrs. F.llzabeth O'Brien, department president. American Lesion Auxiliary; Congressman Allen T. Treadwuy, Congressman Ixmla A. FTothlngliam, Rear Admiral de Steibuer, U. S. N. ; Com missioner Richard Flynn, and mint Ave hundred more of our lending citizens. And Alto Wormwood yo'-al- l ree'lect dem marker ovah dar what de Frenchmen used tuh mark kilometers? What yo dona call 'em milestones T" "Milestones In Franc, man? What's In yo' bead ain't. Dem's Oaul stones.' American legion Weekly, "Alphonse, MacMillan Back Again From the Arctic Y first-pag- L W) EWORLD WTD5 X Y X X . V VETERANS OF 18S4 i NEPHI, UTAH S. X LEGIONNAIRES AID :"'??V. TIMES-NEW- the spot where 17 members of the expedition starved to death In 1884 and the survivors were In their .i last gasp when rescued by United States naval vessels. Note the conW ityijn.fe trast. No one was 111. Everyone was comfortnble. They explored and got scientific data. They got nil the news by radio, including Christmas greetings and the latest Jazz. Incidentally, they discovered enormous soft coal deposits lu Ellestnere Land, near Eureka sound ; In places the seams were 25 feet thick. But It will not help us this winter, for the deposits are 800 miles beyond present transportation systems, dog sledge included. MacMillan took Into his employ an Eskimo who said lie was with Dr. Cook In 1909. Cook, snid the Eskimo, got to Axel Ileiberg Land, which Is within 600 miles of the pole. Cook and his two Eskimos slept two nights In a snow hut 12 miles out on the Polar sea and It was there he raised the American Hag, declaring he had reuched the pole. Greely V WsSL J esl, ' A Another Unsolved Gem Theft Mystery? robIs the bery to be added to the long list of mysterious gem thefts that have never been solved? Anyway, It has started out well as a mystery. Mr. and Mrs. Joshua S. Cosden and their houe I 111 guests, Lord and Lady Louis Mount- V batten and the Hon. Mrs. Richard Brlnsley Nortpn, had attended a dancing party ori Long island, given for the prince ot Wales. The Cosden home is at Sands Point, L. I. It was 5 , 4 o'clock in the morning when they retired, after a littla breakfast they 'I cooked for themselves In the kitchen V of the Cosden home. At 8:30 o'clock Mr. Cosden's valet missed a pearl shirt stud veined nt $S,00(). But that loss was trilling compared with others discovered soon after. From the dressing table of Mrs. Cosden (portrait herewith) had vanished jewelry worth From Lady Mountbatten's $100,000. table were gone gems worth $42,000. Mrs. Norton was the only member of the household fortunate enough to escape despoliation. Lord Mountbatten's wallet, containing 2,000 pounds In English banknotes, and lying on his wife's dressing table, had not been disturbed. A watchman had been on duty downstairs up to 7 a. m. Mr. Cosden Is a wealthy oil man, whose racing stable Is prominent In the East. Cosden-Mountbatte- n 4'l fik h j? James A. Drain Heads American Legion Jjmes A. Drain of Washington, (portrait herewith), is the new nntlotial commander of the American ulnn. Legion, succeeding John R. D. C. jf k "r Commander Drain Is fifty four jeiirs old. lie was born in Warren county, Illinois. He Is a lawyer. lie will move to Indianapolis shortly, because It Is there that the Legion ollices are located. Drain is a pict uresque figure. His right hand l missing. It was shot off In an accident while he was hunting. Despite the handicap. Jim Drain went overseas with the Yanks. He was the only man in the gtent army who bail hut one band, lb- - has been In the National Guard. He's been a buck private, anil he's n brigadier general, lie sered In the war, and lie was with the tank corps six years ngo In France. "What work Is abend of nieV' be asked. "My whole mission can be told In three words: "For God and Country, the first words of the preamble of the legion's constitution. For Go, end country without partisanship In politics, without Intolerance In religion, making, as we always have, the care of the disabled comrade our first concern. Second only to rehabilitation is otir obligation to rare for the orphaned children of our fallen comrades. We are going to make one of our big labors the getting out of the voters on election day." American Back of Gen. Chang Tso Lin Not even a Philadelphia lawyer could unravel the Chinese civil war mlxup now going on in continuous performance. However, here are some of the leading participants: Gen. Chang Tso Lin (portrait herewith). Mam war lord, who control Manchuria and would capture Peking. Gen. Wu Pel Fu, Cblbll war lord arid backer of the present Peking government, bended by President Tsao Kun. General Wu is striving to bring all of China tinder control of Peking. Dr. Sun Yat Sen. president of the South China republic, with his capital at Peach Crop of Georgia Provided Excellent Example of Unavoidable Loss. (Pnpufd by tha United States Department ot Agriculture.) There Is an all too prevalent Impression among those who have had little opportunity to observe the full course of marketing of food products that by some mugicul costless process these products are whisked from the farmers' fields to the fruit stand or grocery store. Consequently when reports are published In the newspapers of great waste of food products In the fields, particularly fruits and vegetables, many consumers want to know why it Is they cannot buy at much lower prices. The explanation for these apparently wasteful practices, says the United States Department of Agriculture, Is to be found in the costs of transportation and other marketing costs. The present peach crop In Georgia has provided an excellent example of a waste of fruit at the point of production because of unavoidable economic conditions. Many newspaper aiJcles, some of them containing exaggerated statements of actual conditions, have called attention to the waste, and letters have been written to various government officers, from the President down, asking that something be done about it. One letter from New York city is as follows : "Please find enclosed clipping from one of our newspapers about a great waste of peaches In the state of Georgia. My wife Insists on having this brought to your attention as she is paying 20 cents a pound for only 'fair' peaches. If this article is official or statements made even approximately true, I think something could and should be done to save the crops and keep down the cost of living In the cities, dependent on transportation." Conditions in Georgia. An explanation of the conditions which existed in the Georgia peach section this summer in connection with a brief outline of the marketing processes necessary to get the peucbes to the New York consumer, Included In a letter from the secretary of agriculture to the New York Inijuirer, should clear up a good many ques tions regarding price relationships on many crops. The present season, uccording to this statement, witnessed the production of the largest Georgia peach crop In history. In addition, east of the Rocky mountains there was in nearly nil the regions the largest crop harvested since 1015. In Georgia the setting of peaches was much larger than the trees could have been expected to develop Into desirable market sizes. Early In the season growers were advised by the Department of Agriculture to thin or a portion of the fruit from the trees, a practice which Is followed each year by some growers to Insure large sizes and better quality. Some of the growers followed the advice this year, but most of them neglected It with the result that the crop contained a large proportion of undersized fruit which could not be marketed at a profit. Some orchards In which the fruit was not thinned showed as high as 5 per cent of culls or small fruit which experience has shown the consumer does not want, ta a year of abundant production, at a price that w!I! pay for handling. It Is obvious that in a season when the crop ig large these culls must be allowed to rot, for no one will handle them when otiij loss is Id sight. The cost of packages, packing, transportation and handling a bushel of cull peaches Is as much as for the same; quantity of standard grade. Since culls are a losing proposition wherever found, says the department, it Is better to remove them at the point of production, thus saving the cost of marketing, than to place them on the market and have the cost of handling added to the cost of the marketable fruit with which they were packed Small sizes have formed a waste In large part of the the Georgia peach orchards. The total crop In that Mate for the season was estimated at ISHK) cars, whereas only about 13,.KK) cars, were finally market ed. Bg Lot of Hiley Belles. The hiss of one variety, Hiley P.elles, was especially large. When these peaches came on trices were so low that had the producer delivered bis pearlies to the packer free of cost the fruit would not have paid the marketing charges. Many cars of early peaches were put on the market without being thoroughly they were unciled, and satisfactory to the trade the market became demoralized. Later varieties, as a result of grading and elimination of poor fruit, sold better. The dl(Tretit cost Items which enter Into the expense of marketing peaches show convincingly why It pays to handle only the best frnit during a season of large production. Th approximate cost of a peach cnrrler, together with the cost of parking and loading Info cars. Is 52 cents. The freight and Icing charge on a six basket carrier from Georgia to New York U about "n cents. This Is a total of Jjll.22 delivered In New York. From the net sales prlcw received for the fmlt these charges are deducted and the balance Is received by the procurer for hi labor and fruit. On 4 the range of prices on alx peach-growin- g re-ni- of peaches was from These prices were to Jobbers of carlots and represent thtf initial cost of peaches at the first point in the line of marketing distribution in the city. On the date the previously quoted letter was written from New York, July 29, the highest price reported at that city on sales to .jobbers of Georgia peaches was $2.75 for a carrier. The approximate weight of the fruit in such a carrier If this were sold Is. 37V4 pounds. at 20 cents per pound, the retail price mentioned by the writer, the carrier brought a total of $7.50. This represents the total amount paid by the consumer out of Which must come the following Items: The producer's returns, package cost, packing and loading expense, freight and icing charges, and the wholesaler's gross profit or commission making a total of $2.75 and the cost, profits and waste of city distribution which amounted to $4.75. Were the peaches delivered to piers in New York free of charge and distributed to the consumer through the present channels of trade and at normal charges and profits only, the consumer would have had to pay approximately 63 per cent of the price he did pay. Distribution Is Costly. The distribution of fruits and vegetables In New York city Is a costly operation at best and this cost Is greatly Increased by the ungraded condition of much of the stock which is delivered to this market. In order that buyers may inspect the fruit. It is necessary that It be moved to a central point where work may be done as quickly as possible. In New York the piers furnish this point and there the cars are centralized and distriA car of peaches Is bution begins. delivered to a carlot receiver at a pier In New York. The receiver unloads the car on the pier and splits It into units of 5 to 100 carriers, each jobber buying according to his needs. The Jobber has his purchase delivered to trucks which haul It to his place of business in one of the five or six secondary markets. Here the Jobber splits his supply into units that will meet the needs of the retailers. Again the truck Is used to deliver the retailer's purchase to his Here the last place of business. splittings of purchases are made and range In size, according to the consumer's desires which may be one peach or one or more baskets. Often there is another truck delivery which takes the product to the consumer. Each Step Adds to Cost. Each step In this distribution is an added cost nnd each handler , must The cumulative remake a profit. sult is the consumer's price. It has been estimated that the initial moving charge from pier to truck, a distance of 500 yards. Is $20.00 per car. From pier to the large distributing points will range from $24.00 to $05.00 per car. Each handler must exact a profit, which may be small, but the total expense Is large. Peaches are a highly perlshnble product and the various handlings along the route from producer to consumer entail considerable loss through physical Injury while changes In temperature aggravate these and other defects. This loss Is the consumer's loss as the retail price of the merchantable fruit must cover the expenses and profits In all the transactions. These figures and facts which explain rather convincingly the reasons waste of fruit at for the the production end, while the consumer must pay a considerable price, have been prepared by the department after careful investigation. Similar conditions are to be found in the handling of practically all perishable food products. basket carriers S1.75 to $2.50. et ARM faCTSfc Scrub bulls make pcrub farmers. 0ats should generally be planted at the rate of 2 to 3 bushels per acre. e feed to Feeding live stock Is like walking on sand. high-valu- low-valu- e quick- "Many words won't fill a bushel," a few dollars for legume seed will fill the soil with fertility. but Milking cows Is too serious a business to be conducted at a loss. Why Is a boarder cow, anyway? Get a cover crop started In the orchard ns soon as possible. Use what does best on your farm, preferably a legume such as crimson clover or vetch. " bit-rlu- biv-ntls- Canton An Interesting thing Is the fact that an Amcricnn, Edward Cnrleton r.aker, former assistant ehlef of th far eastern division of the State department, !i the msn hhlnd On, Chang To 1,1n s rrest military movement against Peking. He Is a native of Alameda, Cnl., and three year sjn was Amerlean consul general at Mukden. Kver since Chung's defend bv Wo Pel Fu In 1!22. "Maker has been th MimiMirlsn general's chief of milltsry preparations, with crte blanche to develop them for the d;iy of reckoning with Peking. Authorities that Cluing today Is well nigh Inrincihle for victor" which has rarrled through the thoroughgoing "organization o by the you.-- CaUforuian. acrt Large Marketing Costs and Waste ta uvt Scatter a few bnndfuls of millet seed the litter occasionally. Tha hens will dig after the tiny grains for hours and It helps keep them from becoming overfat. In When a breed of chickens, or a feed, or a system of culling, or a house goes wrong. It is well to consider whether the chance to go right lias been given, or vice versa. To be successful in turkey raising, one must give the most careful consid- eration to certain fundamental factors. Growing stock must be kept under the best possible conditions. The turkey raiser who feels It li no longer necessary to look after tha diet of his stock after they are well feathered, is more than likely to suffet the toss of a number of fine birds during early fall by wild grapes, grew corn, etc.