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|Digitized by J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah
THE STILL AIDING WAR Auxiliary, Continues Efforts Behalf of Men. (Copy for Thl Department Supplied by the American Lesion Newi Service.) PADDOCK WILL DEFEND TITLE Noted Sprinter Will Compete Athletic Program at Legion National Convention. In With the announcement that Charles Paddock. "Hainan Flash," will compete, Interest In the athletic program to be held during the American Legion national convention in San Francisco has Increased among Legionnaires over the country. Paddock is known as the highest type of American athlete. In addition to holding most of the worid's sprinting records, he was a soldier in the World war, a writer, leader of boy scout activities and has displayed talent In many other ikies. Paddock left high school to serve In the field artillery during the war. He attended a training school at Camp Zachary Taylor near Louisville and received a commission of second lieutenant He won most of the sprinting events at the Interallied Championship games In Paris and has since established a number of world's records in the dashes. The famous sprinter told Legion convention officials that he will be on hand to defend his laurels In all disd tances up to the dash. Legionnaires are confident that Paddock will celebrate his reunion with World war comrades by smashing some of Ills present world's records. In addition to Uie track and field neet, there will be numerous other athletic events during convention s, week at San Francisco, including baseball, basketball, football, golf, rifle shoot, band contests, drum and bugle corps competitions, swimming and other sports. All Legionnaires are eligible to compete In the athletic program. W. PLAN TO MEET "NATIVE SONS" Mr. Visiting Doughboy" and "Mr. Gob" May Expect Warm Reception In San Francisco. If you are an American Legion "buddy," and expect to attend the fifth annual convention ef the organization at San Francisco, you might well begin to rehearse for your first meeting with a "Native Son." California Is filled with "Native Sons," especially San Francisco. There are two divisions or varieties the common or garden type, and the cultivated variety. The cultlated "Native Son" is Immensely proud of his nativity and parades It on every occasion by wearing the "little bear" emblem, marking membership In the "Native Sons of the Golden West" California does not pretend to comprise U the Golden West, but whenever you mention the Golden West your true Callfornian Jumps to his feet and gives three cheers. To him the Golden West signifies California. The cultivated natives, meaning the eaatlve sons and native daughters, comprise about 50,000 of the state's great and growing population. Numerically they are but a drop in the bucket But Jt wouldn't do for a minute to tell a matlve that at least not one of the V cultivated variety. Throughout California parlors have een superseded by living rooms, except In the circles of the NSOW and .NDGW. Each group or lodge Is constituted a "parlor" and all are subject to the dictates of a grand parlor, presided over by a grand president In California there are 100 "parlors." San Francisco alone has 28, with a membership of 17,000 In the two or ganizations In that city. Members of the NSOW and the NDGW might be termed professional 'Callfornlans. They make the accident of birth actual and Join the order. Perhaps It Is a mistake to speak of the native son and daughter as a professional Callfornian. Every son and daughter of California Is a professional Callfornian. Every one is a booster. They'd as soon think of relinquishing their citizenship as quitting California for keeps most of them sooner. They know California is the greatest state there ever was or ever will be, that California has the finest climate, the .grandest scenery, the richest soil, the huskiest athletes, the most flourishing business, the finest men and most beautiful' women. It Is with these people and with that spirit that "Mr. Visiting Doughboy' and "Mr. Gob," who attend the Le gion convention will collide, when they hit the convention city. Callfornlans are proud of their heritage, proud of their sunsets and fogs, coot summers and warm winters, the hotels, cafes and Market street and everything else that goes to make up San Francisco, which if yod do not already know It, Is by far the greater and most ImpoWhen you rtant part of California. are In San Francisco, ask any native son for anything yen wish, and If you escape without being presented the city halt, or the exposition auditorium, where the Legion convention Is te be held. It will be because that particular native son Isn't functioning Just Tight at the moment of the committee for with other agencies from the American Legion Auxiliary, Is continuing a record of service work begun at the first call to arms In 1917. Mrs. Bristol, along with a number of other brave workers of Stratford, Conn., "carried on" the home work while the men of that city, many of their own blood, were at the front In the fight By dint of thla service, Mrs. Bristol, through the American Legion Auxiliary Is still aiding the cause of those who did their part for their country. As a recognition of the splendid war work of the women of Stratford, the selectmen formed an organization which they termed the "Minute Women of Stratford," and at the close of the war, awarded each one of the workers a handsomely engraved certificate attesting this service. The work consisted of home relief, sale of Liberty bonds and war saving stamps, and the countless other duties which the good women of America were called on to perform for the men in uniform. Since the armistice, Mrs. Bristol has headed local unit work, and has been instrumental In many important moves man. It for relief of the was through her suggestion, It Is said, that the men of Connecticut in hos- - McCoy Heads American Relief in Japan Brig. Gen. Frank R. McCoy has been made director general of American relief work In Japan. He Is forty-nine years old and unmarried and has seen lots of service of many kinds In many places. He was graduated from the military academy In 1897 and from the war college In 1908 and has been a brigadier general. N. A., since Aug. 16, 1918. He has seen service on the western frontier, In Cuba, In the Philippines and In France. He has been aide to Gen. Leonard Wood In Cuba and the Philippines, to Theodore Roosevelt and to Taft. He was military attache In Mexico In 1917) on the general staff, A. E. F., 1917-18- ; brigadier general commanding the hird infantry brigade, 1918; director of the army transportation service and director general of transportation, A. E. F 1918-19- .' He was chief of staff, Amerft mi 1 a wfcw jsm -r lit !n ican military mission to Armenia, 1919, and of a special mission to the Philippines, 1919. He was awarded the D. S. M. Nevertheless, he probably never had a more exciting moment than Just at dawn in a Mandanao Jungle In 1905 when he "got" Datto Alt last and greatest of the fighting Moro chiefs. The famous Datto All was a pure-bre- d Arab and he and his men kept the Americans hopping all through 1903 and 1904. McCoy was then a captain and General Wood's aide, with work at headquarters. McCoy volunteered to get "dead or alive" the chief who had killed at least 800 Americans, marched with fifty men fifty miles through the Jungle and got Datto AH dead. Sixty-t- August-Novembe- iri- r, a. Gaylord M. Saltzgaber, New G. A. R. Head 440-yar- ten-inl- NEPHI, UTAH '"People In Mrs. Alice P. Bristol, chairman LEGION S, HEROES Mrs. Alice P. Bristol, Through Legion AMERICAN TIMES-NEW- Here Is a new portrait of Gaylord Saltzgaber, Van Wert, Ohio, unanimously elected commander In chief of the National Grand Army of the Republic at the Milwaukee convention. Opposing Commander Saltzgaber were Frank A. Walsh of Milwaukee and Dr. L. F. Arensburg of Cnlontown, Pa., both of whom withdrew. Mr. Walsh was elected senior vice commander In chief and G. T. Leech of Baltimore was chosen Junior vice commander In chief, neither having opposition. Charles L. Shurgur of Auburn, N. Y., was elected chaplain In chief and Dr. Charles Burrill of Kansas City was named to succeed Dr. George T. Harding of Marlon, Ohio, father of the late president as surgeon Mrs. Alice P. Bristol. in chief. Sam S. Horn of Pa., was pltals In other states received a cash elected commander in Easton, chief of the Nagift for Christmas. But her werk as, tional Sons of Veterans. Other offnational commltteewoman of the Amer- icers elected are: Randall W. Buff ican Legion Auxiliary Is another im- of Tacoma, Wash., senior vice commander In chief; W. C. Kronmeyer of portant post which has been Intrusted N. J.. Junior vice commander In chief; Charles R. Hale of Hartford, to her. Conn. ; Felix A. Kremer, Detroit and P. F. Tingling of Cincinnati were elected To Mrs. Bristol was given the chair- members of the council. close a of committee seeking manship Loomls Scufleld, commodore commanding the National Association of Naval n other with was for the sixth term, as were all other officers. women's organizations of the country. Veterans, This committee aims to establish .relationship between all bodies working for civic betterment, relief of former service men, and countless other duties with which the womanhood of David Lynn has been appointed America has become associated. architect of the national capltol at One of the first steps of this comWashington, succeeding the late Elmittee was to effect liaison between As everybody knows liott Woods. the American Legion Auxiliary and the George Washington was the moving General Federation of Women's Clubs. An application for membership In the spirit In the erection of the building In Its present form one of the most federation, through President Kate satisfying structures on earth and Waller Barrett was accepted, and the laid Its corner stone in 1793. Lynn auxiliary assumed an immediate partherefore Is the latest of a long line ticipation In the councils of federated of capltol architects. club work. The Legion's Auxiliary la The original plans of the buildalso a participant in the National ing were drawn by William Thornton, Council of Women, composed of nearly an English physician and amateur fifty organizations. This council indraftsman, then resident In Philadelcludes such organizations as the Amerphia. The first two supervising archiican Association of University Women, tects were Stephen Hallet, a FrenchInternational Sunshine society. Ladies man, and James Hoban, an Irishman. of the Maccabees, National Council of The next In succession was BenJewish Women. National Congress of associjamin Henry Latrolte, an Englishman Mothers and Parent-Teacherappointed for the work In 1803 by ations. National Federation of Music THomas Jefferson, who was In charge Clubs, National Florence Crlttenton J of construction when the Infant capl mission. National Kindergarten assotol was burned by an English raiding ciation. Needlework Guild of America, Women's Christian Temperance union, party In August 1814. Latrobe also took charge of the rebuilding. His sucwas the celebrated Charles Bulflnch of Boston, In 1818. cessor, American-born- , T. W. C. A, and others. In 1851 the construction of the marble north and south wings to house the During the convention of the auxiliary In San Francisco, the committee senate and house of representatives was undertaken, following plans drawn hy Night" at which T. U. Walter of Philadelphia, who was appointed architect Uls assistant Edplans a of every ward Clark, later made architect, designed the system of terraces. practically representatives Mr. Lynn, for twenty-threyears, has been employed In the office of the body holding membership In the council will be aatwd to be present to hear architect and for the last ten years has been civil engineer of the capltol. Ue further plans for service as outlined by was born In Maryland and lives at Ilyattsvllle. the Legion's Auxiliary. It Is expected that a deftalte program of will be an outgrowth of the fflctale believe meeting. Auxiliary that because the membership of the I John Barton Payne Is 'much in the organization approximates that of most other women's bodies la the limelight these days as head of the country, no constructive program, look- American Red Cross and ex officio In ing to progress along the lines Indi- charge ef Its tremendoes Japanese relief activities. And It was only recated for their work, can be successful unless Joined by their organizacently that Jadge Payne served, with Charles B. Warren, negotiating the tion. settlement ander which diplomatic relations with Mexico have been reTexae Will Have Exhibit Judge Payne is a veteran Not only will the traditional "old sumed. and Jurist He has Chicago lawyer a be but Texas from mare" there, gray Texas steer wtll be takea means and lelsare and seems to thrive on public service. He was secretary by the Lone Star state Legionnaires of the Interior before taking up Red to the national convention of the American Legloa at San Francisco. Cross work. Judge Payne says there will hencePlans for special atnnts on, the way ta forth be protection against all kinds rewere made convention the at and of for Americans who take trickery deO. Townee, Texas cently by John their money lnte Mexico for Investpartment commander. ment But he also says: "Remember that the government of Lies. Campaign Mexico Is like a man astride a buck"I hear as how tha opposin candi- ing broncho. There will be a period date fer mayor Is tellln' around that during which the United States must you're In favor of law and order," re- be especially kind and patient towards the southern republic. As a matter of Gene of Holster, marked Two-Gu- a fact. It Is not a cation, but a collection of Indian tribes, numbering In all 15.000,-00Ariz. This fact accounts for the conxtsnt revolutionary aeflvlty. President "He better be careful," retorted ths Obregon has striven to arouse a nationalistic sense, and he is slowly succeeding. present Incumbent "or Dl sue htm "Mexico Is now developing, for the first time In her history, a middle class, fer criminal llbeL" The American Le- which Is gradually acquiring a little property and Is turning to farming. It Is gloa Weekly. this middle claas that will prove the ultimate salvation of the nation." i M. VP J well-know- Lynn, Architect of National Capitol s' e J. B. Payne, Head of American Red Cross long-horne- d Market More Farm Preliminary Report of Products in 1923 New Pest Just Issued ve Associations Insect Credited With Favor ing Potato and Tomato. Making Good Use of Credit Facilities. (Prepared by th of United , States Department associations will market considerably more farm products In 1923 than they did last year, it Is Indicated In reports to the Department of Agriculture. While It Is Impossible to estimate how much business they will do, the fact that new associations are being formed and old ones enlarged Is ground for the belief that the amount of the year's crops to be will exceed marketed all former figures. A big factor In marketing is promoting the Improvement made li credit facilities recently. First steps toward better credit acwere commodation for taken in 1921, when congress enlarged the powers of the War Finance corporation. Up to date that organization has authorized advances to cooperatives amounting to more than $190,000,000. Although only $38,500,000 of the money has been actually used, the fact that it was available has been a powerful beneficial Influence, say officials of the department. Opening Lines of Credit associations are Many opening up lines of credit at the new Intermediate credit banks, because the War Finance corporation will cease making advances on February 29 next. It Is believed the new Institutions will function much as the War Finance corporation has done in giving confidence and loosening np additional outside credit They have already au thorized advances of about $5,000,000 associations to farmers' handling cotton, wheat wool, tobacco and canned fruits. It Is pointed out that the real serv ice of the Intermediate Credit banks, like that of the War Finance corporation, cannot be measured merely by the volume of their discounts or advances. Their chief value Is seen In the fact that the credit made available by them often Induces or encourages private financial Institutions to offer credit accommodation, when otherwise they might stand aloof. The Intermediate credit banks seem likely nevertheless to operate soon on a bigger scale than was expected. Each of the twelve Institutions was provided with a capital of $1,000,000 from the treasury Immediately It was organized. Five of them have since called for additional capital to a total amount of $5,000,000, so that the present paid-i- n capital of the twelve banks is $17,000,000. Moreover, an Issue of debentures to the amount of $10,000,000 has been sold In anticipation of a large demand for discounts and advances In the coming marketing season. Discounts of agricultural paper for banks have been made to the amount of $1,000,000 by the Intermediate credit Institutions. Limiting Loans. For the present the federal farm loan board, which supervises the banks. Is limiting loans and discounts to terms of nine months. Borrowers, however, have the practical assurance that the terms will be renewed when necessary. Reliance on renewals from the Intermediate credit banks, according to officials of the Department of Agriculture, has a stronger Justification than Is the case where loans of commercial banks are concerned, because the latter are always under the obligation of protecting their deposit liabilities. Although financing of associations probably will call for considerably more money this year than ever before, managers of such associations are confident all necessary accommodation will be available. They report that bankers all over the counpatry are readily taking per. One cooperative organization leader in Arizona says ninny associations in that state have not needed to borrow from the War Finance corporation or the Intermediate credit banks, because ample funds have been available to them from private hankers on very favorable terms. Wide Area Covered Last Year in Barberry Fight An area equivalent to Jn counties was covered during the l:ist Uscal year in the survey for barberry bushes. This Is one step in the fight against wheat rust which Is being carried on by the United States Departmept of Agriculture In with state agricultural colleges, state departments of agriculture, anil the conference for the prevention of grain rust The work consisted of a survey and resurvey for sproutlt.r bushes and scedlin :s. It whs carried on In Colorado, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Wisconsin, and Wyoming. In all, 740.8.V1 bushes were removed from 8,799 properties In the preliminary vey while 60,670 sprouting bushes and 0,138 seedlings were destroyed In the follow-ucsmpaign. Since the beginning of the barberry eradication work In 1918 practically all cities and villages of the thirteen states within the quurnntlne area have been surveyed. In the original furmto-fsrr- n survey an area equivalent to 484 counties has been covered. Including counties surveyed on funds furIn the five years a nished by total of 034,946 bushes and seedling have b"i destroyed on 53,010 furm-ti-fan- u p stts. (Prepared by the United 81 a tee Department of Agriculture.) A preliminary account of the Australian tomato weevil, a new Insect pest recently discovered, has Just been Issued by the United States Department of Agriculture as Department Circular 282, by F. II. Chittenden of the bureau of entomology. While the Insect Is credited as favoring the potato and tomato as food. It Is also a rather general feeder, the department Cnds, and expresses the belief that It may become of great Importance Ilka the sweet-potatweevil unless measures are taken for Its suppression. As to control measures, the circular says much remains to be learned. Ia confinement lead arsenate sprayed on tomatoes killed all the beetles within. 24 hours. Reports of the successful use of lead arsenate In practical field work with potatoes and turnips have been received by the department Applications of spray for other Insect pests, when the beetles or larvae of the tomato weevil are present. It Is believed, may control the tomato weevil also. Calcium arsenate would probably be equally effective either as a dust or spray and a little cheaper than lead arsenate. It Is not unlikely, the circular says, that the distribution of poisoned baits would be effective. Copies of the circular may be had, as long as the supply lasts, by writing to the Department of Agriculture, Washington, D. C. o Keep Farm Water Supply Free From Contamination The first essential of a supply of drinking water Is that it be free from contamination and disease. Hence, If there la any doubt It should be analyzed. To keep the water pure the source of contamination should be removed and the well, spring, or whatever the source should be made as near proof as possible against the entrance of anything that would contaminate the water. In case of a bored or dug well there should be several feet of puddled clay packed around the walls eight to twelve feet deep. This insures that any surface water entering must be filtered through at least ten feet of soil. The well plat-forshould extend ten or twelve Inches above the level of the ground and Rhould be made water tight concrete preferred. If concrete cannot b had, use tongue and grooved planks. Be sure that the ground slopes gradually away from the well so that no puddles of water can stand. I have seen In this state wells that were open and puddles of water next to the well where ducks and pigs wallow. This Is a source of danger and should be corrected before It is too late. Outhouses and especially those, with excavated pits and cesspools should never be placed near the well or spring. In fact neither of these should be used. Either a sanitary toilet or a septic tank should be used Instead. It Is only a matter of a little money and the use of some spare time to have the farm home sanitary and have a good, pure supply of water for drinking purposes. By W. II. McPheeters, Extension Farm Engineer, Oklahoma A. and M. College. Common Mistakes Made in Feeding Live Stock A recent Investigation of feeding methods practic.J by 457 farmers whose average experience covers a period of twenty years, shows that the most common mistake made In feeding Is the use of poor combinations of feeds. Underfeeding ranks second, the two occurring more than four times as often as any of the others which follow In order of importance; insutlicleiit protein, lack of water, lack of legumes, abrupt changes of feed, poor housing, parasites and Insect pesls, Insiit'iiclent salt, waste of feed, poor equipment und overfeeding. Fortunately the mistakes are largely within the control of the feeder and imiy lie avoided. At the same time the above Investl-trntio- n was being made a check was ia:;en on how progressive farmers were Improving their feeding methods. A particular Interest was found In balanced rations. The next most Important Improvement was more liberal feeding followed by feeding of more legumes, better water supply, giving minerals to live stock, feeding according to production, feeding more protein and more regular feeding. Dairymen consulted evidently keep close accounts with their cows. Eighty-on- e per cent feed according to production while the rest feed all their cows alike. Tightpn Hoops on Silo to Avoid Air Leakage If you have a wooden silo, be sure to tighten the hoops before you start filling to avoid possible air leakage. Should the staves be unusually dry at the time of tightening, loosen them a trifle after the silo Is filled to avoid hivsklng some of the hoops. Should the corn get too dry before filling time, srrsnge to run a stream of water Into the blower. A considerable amount of moisture can he gotten Info the sllsge In that wsv. The Important thing Is to have tie silage moist enomrh to nack well. There Is practically no danger Ttf getting too mncb moisture In the corn.