THE responsibility for the men lomess the throughout In assuming of country for This Department Supplied American Legion Newa Service.) by SERVED IN WORLD WAR AT 70 th of Fifteen. One of the most remarkable war records ever brought to light is that Col. of Lieut. Marshall W. Wood, ( U. S. A. of retired ) who Boise, Idaho, began fighting for his country In Woods' "Spruce - Up" Campaign the American Legion, through Its na- tional ment Lieutenant Colonel . Wood Began Fighting for His Country at Age unemploy- committee, has sent out the mes-- j following sages : , "To the Public1 Hlre the sol- -j He dier. may have been rest-- i less at one time, but he Is steady now. "To Munlclpal-- j Itles Start now work a' public which you may have planned to off war at putTo until next spring." the Soldier Don't float around of flf teen years and. andtie yourself down to a community stick to your Job when you get after surviving one." campaigns in the the the Civil age The Legion's unemployment com mittee's survey revealed that about 900.000 veterans of the World war were out of work and many of that jiumber In actual need of food and shelter. In its appeal to the 11.000 Legion posts to assist in giving relief to the needy men the committee discouraged charity soup kitchens and bread lines. "Our buddies must have food and shelter without degrading their manhood or our country," the committee declared. Parades and "stunts" to attract at tention to the unemployed are discouraged by the Legion. The employment committees of the local posts are asked to bring the needs of the men directly to the attention of the employers and demand preference for America's defenders. The employer must be convinced that the restlessness noticeable among some service men at the close of the war has disappeared. In Boston a parade of Jobless men was headed by Frank; Greenfall, a New England doughboy, wearing four decorations for bravery in France. Legionnaires with Incomes have DEFENDS THE DISABLED MEN been asked to adopt an unemployed buddy and take care of him until ha finds a job. Medical Director Decries Statements "Comand "Fakers," Regarding VOTED THE "HOMELIEST MAN" pensation Chasers." Indian and Spanish - A m e r i can wars, entered the World war when seventy years old, serving nearly three years. Today, although seventy-fiv- e years old. Colonel Wood is Inspector general of the GranO Army of the Republic, and is chaplain of the John Regan post of the American Legion, Boise, Idaho, which he organized and served us its first commander. Colonel Wood was born June 4, 1846. Fifteen years later he was bearing a musket in the Civil war. He was twice wounded during this serv ice. Later, he served In the Indian wars as senior medical officer In two expeditions against the Cheyenne and war In the Spanish-America- n Sioux. he was chief surgeon of the First di vision of the Fifth army corps from Its organization until its abadonment after the Santiago campaign. In the World war Colonel Wood was on active duty from June 23, 1910, until February 28, 1919. He was under fire In all except the World war nnd received three medals for distin guished service. ce In an appeal for the proper care of Editor of Nebraska Veteran's Paper disabled veterans of the World war Draws Women's Decision at DeDr. Thomas W. partment Convention. Salmon, medical of the director Clenn II. Coffey, editor of National CommitVeteran of Lincoln, Neb, wo tee for Mental the Hygiene, t ak e a adjudged "homeliest man" occasion to decry at the convention the statements reof the Nebraska tarding "fakers." of Department "goldb r I c k e r s" the American and "compensabut his Legion, tion chasers." "Let us not be photograph reproA duced herewith misled by this raises the question loose talk about . of what Is meant faker " savs Doctor Salmon, who Is member of the American Legion Hosul by the homeliest (allzatlon committee. "Of course there man. The candidates re such men among those who apply for relief. But you will find them for the "honor" everywhere; In business, in colleges. were lined up on the stage of the con and five In politics and even In the churches." vention hall at Fremont, Doctor Salmon, in his plea for com- women decided their fate, based on plete and efficient care of the disabled the uproarious applause that greeted men, answers the assertion that there each of the contestants as he arose. are 6,000 empty beds In the govern The second honors went to Lum Doyle, ment hospitals. lie explains tnat state boxing commissioner of Nebeds alone cannot cure the disabled braska. and besides, he says, most of the 6.000 "I am deeply sensible of the unique empty tieds are needed to constitute honor conferred upon me by the conthe reserve that every hospital with vention," Mr. Coffey said. "Some of the other contestants could hardly be ,an active service neels. classed as matinee Idols, but I feel Warm Welcome for "Legion" Steamer. that I was elected entirely upon my After having clipied ten hours off merits." the record run between New lork and ltlo de Janlero. the ENDANGERS SECURITY OF U. S. manned steamer American Legion, has returned to New lork, following her Manhattan Post of Legion Condemns maiden voyage. The vessel, with the Action of Nsvy Department in majority of Its crew members of the Releasing 200,000 Members. In South was every Ledon. greeted touched It by Legion American port That the security of the United Alone the Matte river from notus. the release States Is endangered Montevideo to Buenos Ayres. the capthe Navy department of nearly by out launches from put tain reported, 200,000 members of the naval reserve shore and their owners cracked bot force. Is the opinion of members of over the tles of wine and chmnpsgne naval post, American tmur nlntes of the ship as she slowly Manhattan New York, who have adopted mwde her way tip the river. This, he Legion, a resolution terming t lie dropping of unlit, was the South American Legion the reservists ss "breaking the back wel of their expressing nslres way of Mie reserves." come. The Manhattan post Is composed of former navy enlisted men and offiComplete Equipment The post tins made a carefu4 A disabled soldier had been so long cers. affairs and has mainIn the hospital that it seemed like study of naval a tained favoring complete policy to anxious was he and Impress borne naval preparedness. Its merits on sll callers. The resolution points out that with"Why," he exclaimed, "it's the most out the nialutenaitce of a Complete have In the country. They complete throat specialist, naval reserve force, the government an ere specialist, men to man 4 nose specialist, and they even have lacks sufficient trained Internes for Internal diseases." Ameri the ships and stations f the navy In time of war. can Legion Weekly. LA afforded here before going elsewhere. The famous Levan ridge is known throughout the world. Two railroads pass through Ncphi. : : Topics in the PUBLIC EYE Parade Discourages Organization and Stunts tit Attract Attention to th Jobless Men. (Copy riT EAST JUAB COUNTY j invites the stranger within its gates to investigate the possibilities Suggestions for the Farmer and Housewifeprepared by specialists in the Department of Agriculture for the people of East Juab County. : : ': Short stories about people of prominence in our country LEGION AND THE UNEMPLOYED. care NEPHI. UTAH s. 1 ! S. Tinpes-NewThe Home Page of Live NEPHI. county Mat of Juab county, Utah, the greatest dry farming section of Utah, owns its own electric light plant, waterworks and 8 miles paved sidewalks. Two banks, lumber yard, plaster mill, fine schools and a modern hotel, i i JJ TIMES-NEW- H r-- Col. Arthur Woods, chairman of the committee on community, civic nnd emergency measures, growing out of the President's conference on unemployment, is visiting the chief cities of the country to hear reports, give advice and stir up enthusiasm. "Do It now!" is his slogan, for both public and private enterprises. The only cure for lack of work, he Insists, and "the way to get rid of unemployment is to provide employment." He saysr "One way In which the conference has felt It was sound to stimulate industry is by what we have called the 'spruce-up- ' campaign. Almost everyone has about his home or liis shop some repair upkeep work which he needs to have done. "Another way that the conference figures industry can be stimulated In a sound way is through public works. There Is a good deal of public work all over the country planned, ap- proved, tlie money provided, which will be started In the ordinary course of events within the next few months or during the coming year. Much of It can be done during the winter." SIMPLE METHODS "Powerizing" the Farm Greater production, the more WITH HEN FLOCK astute application Costly Building? Are Not Recjuii and Only Add Expense to Maintenance Costs. BANK BALANCE IS IMPORTANT Advisable to Secure Purebred Stock of Good Quality for Foundation Not Good Business to Pur- chase Fancy Birds. It has been the (Prepared by tha United State Department of egg production. ot Agriculture.) of poultry raisers that a experience Simple methods and simplicity in sick hen Is best treated by au applica- buildings, equipment, and rations have much to do with the success of poultry-meaccording to observations and experiments made by the United States Department of Agriculture. There is a mistaken Idea among many Inexperienced poultry raisers thut the more elaborate the preparations made for conducting a plant or for caring for a small flock the better the chunce of success. The safer way is to keep down expenses as much as possible without interfering with the health. comfort, and nourishment of the birds. It Is natural to take pride In a building provided with all the refinements that hnve been designed to save labor and stimulate egg pro duction, but the bank balance is of more Importance to the averuge per son than such satisfaction. In build ing a, poultry house superfluous pre cautions against the weather are fie g Mrs. Winter Much Spotlighted Mrs. Thomas G. Winter, president of the General Federation of Women's Clubs a nationwide organization with 2,500.000 members is frequently in the limelight. This time she Is in three spotlights at once. President Harding has named her as a member of the advisory committee of the American delegation to the dis armament conference. She announces a coalition for mrts tual benefit between the General Fed eration of Women's Clubs and the National League of Woman Voters, the latter being the National American Woman's Suffrage association under its new name, and the presidency of Mrs. Maud Wood Park. "Obviously, since the work of the general federation is primarily sociological nnd educational," the announcement says, "and the work of the league concerns Itself with women as voting citizens, there Is a good and sufficient reason for Instead of discord." A petition for a department of education was given President Harding by a committee which Included Mrs. Winter, Miss Chnrl O. Williams, president of the National Education association, nnd A. Lincoln Fllene, president of the national committee for a department of education. of good busi- ness methods, the stabilization of agricultural economics, will put farming America's basic Industry on a sound and substantial foundation; if as the closest students believe Improved machinery and refined sources of power will increase production, lower costs, and cut some of the peaks nnd valleys out of the farmers' prolitgraph, then the steady "powerization" of the American farm is inevitable. Secretary Wullace. tion of the hatchet. Strange to say, the inexperienced person who Is tempted to spend money for unnecessary construction In the house and superfluous equipment is often Inclined to be niggardly when It comes to paying out money for the foundation of his flock, prices for market poultry serving as his guide as to what is the proper price to ftay. It is not good business to pay fancy prices to obtain birds of the highest excellence for it takes an experienced poultrymnn to realize on their possibilities. If the location ,of a poultry business is a matter of choice, there are a number of things to be considered. Often the proximity of a good or special market for eggs and chickens will determine the selection. . Rule for Figuring Expenses. It is sometimes rather troublesome for the owner of a poultry JJock to determine with much accuracy Just what it costs him to maintain a flock of laying liens. Experience derived contests conducted from the by the Farm bureau at Santa Cruz, bus resulted in the form u at on of a rule that should be useful in arriving ut the approximate cost. This rulo All may be expressed as follows: of the expense for maintaining a flock of laying hens, apart from the cost of grain and mush but Including'mls-celluneou- s supplies, interest on investment, depreciation, all lulor but that . of the owner, etc., amounts to ap s of the cost of proximately the grain and mash. In oilier words, the cost of the grain and mash Is 60 per cent and all other expenses 40 per cent of the total. egg-layin- g I f: JI ' j two-third- vis Highest Value of Legume. Itegardless of what legume Is grown, it Is well to remember that Its highA House Built of Single Thickness est value In soil Improvement depends of Boards, With Ventilation Pro. upon the proper bacteria, and that for vided Through Doors and Windows, tin; best results In building up the Is All That is Required. land the soil must be sweet. Warmth Is taken. at quently sought A. Vanderilp Frank (portrait increased overhead expense by Housing Is Essential. herewith), who was president of the greatly In double proper housing Is essential In profit-abl- e walls, double floors, putting Natlonnl City bank of New York un The 'largest swine production. etc., when rair. ceilings, til succeeded by James A. Stlllman, g interlaidthicknesses are obtained only' returns financial well laid to presingle In Euroi offering 14 nations a plan drafts are sufficient except In when dry, comfortable and convenient for the formation of a "Gold Reserve vent localities where the winters are ex- housing conditions are provided. Bank of the United States and Ku tremely severe. rope." He offered this plan to Po . Ideal Feed for Swine. No Need for Ventilating Systems. land and then to Germany. The plan milk Is one of the Ideal feeds Skim and Complicated costly ventilating Involves $1,000,000,000 in gold, which swine and especially for growing Mr. Vanderilp believes Americans will systems are sometimes used when just for as good results would beobtulned In pigs. It Is rich In digestible protein subscribe largely. However, he de contains a considerable quantity; nies that he Is acting In the Interests the production of eggs by using win- nndmineral matter. of and dows closed when fronts, open of any group of bankers or capitalists by glass and cloth. Wood The plan was worked out by Mr, necessary Value of Purebred Sire. been found the best material for has Vanderilp with Harry L. Stuart of house construction In most The greatest value of a purebred alcases, The latter la an Investment Chicago. buildings of other sire Is his ability to produce offsprlnj banker. He left for Europe several though satisfactory In use. Concrete makes that ore better tbnn their dams In typo, are materials weeks ago with Mr. Vanderilp. Mem or production, or both. floor If built over a bers of the Stuart family state that a good If the Is but house foundation, poultry Mr. Stuart had sent them InformaMake Needed Repairs. entirely of this material It Is tion of Interesting sessions with the built Repair gates and put up fences beUnbie to be too damp. leading hankers of London which In Tonics and various concotlons add fore It Is too late. A browsing animal dicated that the financial heads of Euv to the expense of maintaining many in a short time will destroy the crops. rope are enthusiastic over the plan and have agreed to when they might very well be flocks The Vnnilerllp-Stunr- t plan, it Is stated, proposes a bank slmllnr to the eliminated. Iron Rust Is Serious. Plenty of feed of the Federal Reserve. It will Issue notes of a uniform character for $5,000,000,000 Iron rut Is a serious tiling on farm. kind, exercise, and comfortable right throughout the countries. To eliminate International rivalries In the manage quarters make the best health regula- Implements. Take the Implements t ment. It will receive Its corporate existence through the League of Nations. tors and are uncqualed as stimulants the shed and keep them from rusting. Vanderlip's Big World Bank . well-draine- d Governor Frazier Recalled IMPORTANCE For the first time In the history of the United States the people of a state have recalled the governor whom Ihcy hud elected. Gov. Lynn J. Frazier (portrait herewith) Nonpartisan league candidate, wiio was put at the heud of North Dakota for three consecutive times, was thrown out of office by the electorate, after five yearn of experience with the platform nnd policies of the Nonpartisan pnrty. Gov. Lynn J. Frnzler, William Lnmke, attorney general, nnd J. N. Hagen, commissioner of labor and Agriculture, are the state officials who ore ousted from office by the Independent Voters' association. R. A. Nestos, Minot attorney, wns the candidate against Frazier, Svcin-Mo' attorney of Grand Forks, was j " f ' I: 'I opposing Lamke, and Joseph A. Kitch;s en, a farmer, wns the I. V. A. candi4 date for Hngen's place. Nestos, In his campaign, declared that only by a rotnpte house cleaning can the state get back $5,000,000 al leged to have been squandered by the league. 7' ' OF VENTILATION Uncomfortable Housing Is Given as Cause of Freezing of Combs and Scarcity of Eggs. It Is not so much the cold as the humidity that causes the freezing of chlekens' combs nnd the winter laying strike that results from uncomfortable housing. Proper ventilation Is given as the most Important consideration In housing poultry for the winter. USE GREEN MANURIAL CROPS Gradually Manures Taking to Place of Stable Keep Up 8upply of able to maintain In this manner the supply of soli organic matter. Let us remember some essentials In the successful use of green manures. They might be given as follows: "1. Soil adaptation. We should he careful to select the right crop for Die soil under cultivation, which also fits properly Into the system of cropping. '"i. I'se a bountiful supjily of wed. "3. Use sufficient commercial fertilizer to Insure a heavy growth. "4. Sow In ample time, especially In the fall of the year, so that the crop will get a good start before winter. "5. Take advantage of every oppor tunlty to grow n tnnniirial crop." Good Uses for Whitewash. Whitewash has n natural affinity hen coops, dairy stables, board Trof. It. I Watts, writing In the for fences, and they ought to be allowed Market Growers' Journal, sums up the to get together. fertility problem of the market grower In the following: Limestone Helps Crops. "While we have pinned our faith to Illinois experiments show a ton of the use ef stable manure In producing good crops, green manurlnl crops are limestone on an acre will mean 12 gradually taking the place of stable bushels more of corn or wheat, and 11 manures. It U forunatt that we are bushels more of oat. Organic Matter.