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THE line ffJL NEPHI, county teat of Juab 3coimty, Utah, die greatest dry farming section of Utah, ownt its own electric light plant, water worki an J 8 miles paved sidewalks. Two banks, lumber yard, plaster mill, fine schools and a modern hotel, i t fCopr for Thla Department Supplied by thg American Legion Newi Service.) WHISTLE BROUGHT HIM FAME Restaurant Cook, Harry Keynston Jones, Famous as Author of "Rose of No Man's Land." j i From out the bustling kitchen of a popular summer resort restaurant near St Paul, Minn there issued during the vacation season lilting and whistled ditties that Bongs so soundedfamilstrangely iar that American Legion serv- ice men of the World war decided to Investigate. They found the musician to be one Harry Keynston Jones, a Cockney, also the restaurant cook. Jones began his musical career as chef of a Winnipeg grenadier regiment during the war. Later he tended the private skillet of Gen. Sir Julian Byng at Vlmy Ridge, and more Important than that, he wrote "Rose of No Man's Land," the war song that had a long run of popularity. A penny whistle which he bought and played for the prime purpose of amusing his kitchen police caused his rise to music fame, he declared. In France he was transferred to the. officers' mess. There Lieutenant Col-tm-el McRae, who later wrote "In Flanders Fields," heard the penny whistling, and the two became friends. Some time afterward they together turned out the words and music of the No Man's Land song. Jones, wounded at Cambral, was Invalided back to Canada. After bis discharge from the hospital he began a sightseeing tour of the states, depending upon bis cooking ability for He now has a ready employment. eong with a New York publisher which he hopes to put forth soon. ysem flve-foot-t- flTT nmnie Housewife, Suggestions Department of Agriculture by specialists in of East : : Juab for the people t Short stories about people of prominence in our country County. MAN IS LAWMAKER Sturjjls, South Dakota Legislator, Is Author of Measures In the lit tercets of Americanism. The first man on the Job In tha morning, he further surprised legisla tive circles by never missing a single roll call during the time the legislature was in session. He was a chaplain in the army, he explained, in n which a organization man was either on the dot or ahead of it or he wasn't I Carroll D. Ersklne, preacher-legislatof Srurgls, S. D has carried what he learned In his country's service with him, the electorate of his state say. He left after 15 years of Presbyterian ministry on leave of sence to serve as chaplain of tC Eighteenth Battalion during the World war, seeing 14 months' service. After the armistice, while stationed at Camp Merrltt, N. J., he met all transports at the docks and ministered to wounded men being returned toi American hospitals. In appreciation of his work the men presented him a Jeweled watch. In the legislature, Mr. Ersklne was author of a bill to insure proper observance of Armistice day, and of another requiring all school teachers to take an oath of loyalty to the Constitution. He is a member of the American Legion in Sturgls, and state chairman of the boy scouts. He was born in Blnghamton, N. X., and educated at Lake Forest college, Illinois. MONEY DECLINES EFFICIENCY IN Addition to the National Income Is Not Real Wealth Increase. Enormous DENTAL SERVICE Veterans, to Receive Treatment, Must Comply With the Conditions Prescribed. the procedure for men to obtain dental treatment has been prepared by the national Bervice division of the American LeAn outline of gion. Dental treatment will be furnished by the bureau of war risk insurance to veterans of the World war under the following conditions: 1. Where a person has been awarded compensation for dental disability. 2. When such treatment is necessary for the cure of a condition which HEADS WAR DISABLED SCHOOL resulted from military service and Is the reason for which compensation Or. Arthur Davis Dean, Veteran of the has been awarded. 8. In emergency cases which are t World War and Educator of v immediately necessary for the relief Wide Experience. of conditions endangering the life of Dr. Arthur Davis Dean, recently the patient or causing great pain. Claimants who have not been awardchosen by the government as school ed dental disability, but feel they superintendent of should have such due to military all America's war service, should immediately file claim disabled. Is hlm-ee- lf in the regular manner; whereupon a veteran of ' V a ' ' f thev wiU receive an order from the the World war as well as an edusupervisor to report f diaVrijfi ledlcal est dental examiner for el cator of wide exand such emergency treat-perience and a may be required. Approval specialist In vocatal examiner's report must tional training. by the bureau of war risk During the war" Dr. Dean, a mate . 4 v In the sanitary sS celve the benefits of the dental claimants must pursue their case the physical and nieuiui Mnftdiv ugh the regular channels, as bills of the sick and wounded astbei tracted outside of the authority of bureau of war risk Insurance will returned to the United States'- most all the large government' hos- not be paid, except where sufficient pitals of the country. With nine evidence Is produced that the case was years' experience in vocational educa emergency or that the claimant was tion work In New York state, he served Ignorant of his rights to dental as head of the division of vocational schools in the state deportment of education from 1008 to 1017, when be be- MOTHER SEEKS SOLDIER SON came professor of vocational education in Teachers colilge, Columbia unlver-Elt- y. American Legion Searching for James He directed the New York state Victim-Disapp- eared k E. Adle, prison survey in 1019 and investigated In February. the possibilities of industrial and agricultural education In Porto Rico for Refusing to believe that her son Is the Insular government. dead, although she read recently a Dr. Dean was born Sept 15, 1872, new s p a p e r acat Cambridge, Mass, and was educated count of the burat the Massachusetts Institute of Tech- ial in Minnesota nology, ne Is a member of Columbia of a soldier who university post of the American Legion. bore marks of Identification Identical with those of To Have Memorial Hospital. Mrs. son, Establishment of a memorial hos- ber pital at Rochester, Minn, at an ap- Margaret Adle, proximate cost of $25,000, In which Lowell, Mass, has nick end wounded service men of the appealed to the World war would be treated by the American Legion Mayo brothers and other eminent med- for help in her ical men at a slight cost, is being untiring search. The boy sought Is James K. Adle, planned by a special committee of a wounded service man of the World the American Legion of Minnesota. war who disappeared on February 27 last while on bis way from Lowell to Pershing In Press Club Pot. Mass, where he was to reJohn J. Pershing, general of the Boston, ceive a government examination. The a as In has enrolled armies, private soldier was suffering from a the National Press club post of the former of shell shock at the severe attack comAmerican Legion at Washington, time. posed of newspapermen who served With her husband's death since the during the World war. war, the mother la In straightened circumstances. Her son's government Pollysliable. compensation checks have been arrivA word to the wise is sufficient; ing monthly during his absence, she provided It is a long word I Cartoon declares, but they cannot be cashed Magazine. jrithoat his signature. i A 4;- Shell-ScHOc- cent, transportation about 9 per cent, government about 5 per cent, mining a little more than 3 per cent, banking a little over 1 per cent. The many miscellaneous employments, professional men, retailers. Jobbers, merchants, domestics, etc, too numerous, to list specifically, contribute S3 per cent In other words, our highly organized industries, even If we Include all manufacturing, mining, transports tlon, banking, and government actlvl ties such as education and produce only about half of the national Income. The rest is due to tha efforts of small Independent workers. Income Tax Discrepancies. The report estimates that the number of persons In 1018 having Incomes ever $2,000, was 5,800,000, and that their total income was over 23 billion dollar a. Income tax returns, however, showed only 2,908,000 persons' having over $2,000, and their total reported Income was less than 14 billion dollars. This discrepancy is due In part to technical evasions and .straight ilia gal withholdings, but also in part to Income. 'the existence of What this means In terms of the income tax is that the government received In 1918 about half a billion dol lars less than it would have, if all persons receiving $2,000 had paid theli full jtspount. Contribution of Housewives. The contribution of the 20,000,000 American housewives is not included by the bureau In the national income because they are not paid In money, But the report points out that if the were paid at the. lowest possible figure (the average recompense of personal and domestic service) their addition to the total national Income would be or 18 billions. On about that basis, the bureau gives the following conjectural figure as to the fluctuation of the housewife's contribution to the national income since 1009: HOUSE PULLETS BEFORE LAYING Putting Them in Winter Quarters Early, Results in Larger Egg . Production. road-build-ln- DUE TO RISE PRICES IN well-know- TO OBTAIN ture contributes about 17 per cent of the total, manufacturing about 80 per EAST JUAB COUNTY myites the stranger within its gates to investigate the possibilities afforded here before going elsewhere. The famous Ltvan ridge is known throughout the world. Two railroads pass through Nephi. : : Home Page of Live Topics for the Farmer and the prepared LEGION LEGION Jl NEPHI, UTAH S, - 1 AMERICAN TIMES-NEW- National Bureau of Economic Research, After Exhaustive Study, Makes Public Figures Showing Variation In Dollar's Purchasing Power. New York, Oct 27. The total national income of the United States In 1018 was 61 billion dollars, as com pared with 84.4 billions In 1013; but this Increase In dollars did not repre sent a like Increase in production. Most of It was due to the rise In prices, for the dollar of 1018 and 1019 was a much less efficient dollar than that of 1013. The actual total of commodities produced increased very little, If at all, and a large part of those which were produced were war materials, not of a kind really benefiting consumers. Consequently, individual Incomes, estimated on a per capita basis, rising from ?340 in 1010 and $354 in 1913, to $580 In 1018, represent more dollars but little or no real Increase, because the $588 of 1918 is equivalent to only $372 in terms of the purchasing power of 1013. These are the most important findings of the National Bureau of Economic Research, made public today In advance of the formal publication of the results of a year's study of "Income in the United States." This the most exhaustive ever made itudy, ' the Income question in this country, bas been conducted by Wesley Clair Mitchell, Wlllford L King, Frederick R. Macaulay and Oswald W. Knauth, nnder the auspices and direction of a board of nineteen directors. Including men prominent In many fields of business, education, labor, agriculture, eco nomics and practical statistics, and representing many divergent points of view. This table exhibits the main find- ings, including the equivalent value of per capita Income in terms of the 1013 purchasing power: Total Na-- Per Capita Inc'a Income (Billions) In Dollars Per Capita Clonal XSatf 1909 8318 840 833 28.g 1910...... U.4 1911 W!4...M. 81.1 83.0 84.4 83.8 VIS...... HO 1912.... 1911...... )&.... 191T 6L0 1918 VA - 83 8E8 - Dofs" 333 849 - 838 848 SM 84 46.4 HI Income In "1318 83S 8SS 448 (28 664 400 898 873 Distribution of Income. The report says that only one out of a hundred (1 per cent) Income re ceivers In the United States In 1018 tad Incomes of $8,000 or more, and that this one per cent had 14 per cent of the national Income. Five per cent, representing Incomes above $3,200, had 26 per cent of the total. Ten per cent, including income above $2,300, had nearly 85 per cent of the total; the most prosperous 20 per cent. Including Income above $1,750, had about 47 per cent. Eighty per cent of the Income receivers had Incomes below $1,750, receiving about 53 per cent of the total income. Shares of Labor and Capital. In .most of the years since 1012. the bureau finds that In the principal or ganized Industries, wages and salaries were about 70 per cent of the total In come; while capital (Including man agement) received about 80 per cent, out of which were paid rent. Interest and profits; but these proportions varied materially with relative pros pen Ity and depression. In 1016, for example, the share of capital Increased to about 85 per cent, with 65 per cent to labor, while In 1019 capital's share fell to about 22 per cent, vhlle labor got about 73. Of the total payments to employees In the highly organised Industries, about OS per cent goes to the manual workers and clerical staffs, while 8 per cent goes to officials. Share of the Farmer. The farmers, who during the past decade have made up about 16 per cent of the total of gainfully employed, had from 12 to 13 per cent of the national Income in the years between 1910 and 1916 Inclusive ; since 1917 'they have been receiving 16 to 17 per cent, or a somewhat higher proportion, as the following figures from the report stows Pr131Cent " im ii 1918 114 lit 12 8 11 1 117 13 a Wit i 118 118 118 1U . Seurcts of Production. 17.0 14.8 As for the sources of national Income, the bureau finds, taking a general average since 1910, that agricul tax-exem- one-thir- d, Individual Contribution (In Dollars) Tear 1909 1910 Total Contribution (In Billions) of Dollars) 8600 00 13.85 1911 COO 8.20 1912. (25 620 625 660 800 50 750 800 lt3eeeeB 1414...: WHS 1918 1917 1918 1918 SELECT ONLY THE flEALTHY test Methods of Cleaning and Disin- fecting the Houses Hens Must Be Protected From Drafts, but Ventilation Is Necessary. Prepared by the United State Department of Agriculture.) To get good results from a flock of poultry during the winter all houses tnd coops should be in good condition, only healthy fowls placed in these buildings, and good care given to the poultry. As it takes about two weeks for hens or pullets to settle flown to their new quarters they should be moved early. The moving should be done before they begin to lay, for a shift after egg production begins may set them back for a month to six weeks. Moving pullets around from one bouse to another Is the best means of holding back egg production If they are developing too fast The United States Department of Agriculture points out that it is highly to bring the pullets In from the range before they begin to lay. Prepare Houses for the Winter. The bouses should be thoroughly cleaned, disinfected, and made tight for the winter. It Is much easier to fio this work while they are empty than after they are filled with fowls, tf the house has a dirt floor, it Is well to remove the top S or 4 inches and replace this with dry gravel or sand. t.83 18.44 Other Countries. Income Both the total national Income and the per capita Income are larger hi the United States than In any othei country. The report estimates this at the relative standing of the four count tries named at the outbreak of the In war: 1914 United States United Kingdom .. Germany 133 S lo Income Psr Capita (In Dollars) 8338 t 843 148 863 10.8 old. The pullets that mature early In tha fall and that molt late the next year are usually the best layers and should be saved for breeding stock. Cull the chickens carefully whlih are brought into the laying house, and fatten and market all which are small, poorly developed, or In poor condition. These d chickens are small, apt to catch cold If put in with the other poultry and develop diseases which quickly spread through the Clean the dropping boards at least once a week, and spray the roosts once a month during the winter with kerosene or some commercial preparation for killing mites. Have a good supply of sand or dry dirt on hand to use on the dropping boards during the winter. If any of the birds develop colds, put as much potassium permanganate as will remain on the surface of a dime Into a gallon of water and keep this material in their drinking water for several days, or until the sympr toms of the colds have disappeared. Remove any sick birds from the flock as soon as noted and- treat them In coops by themselves or kill and bury them If they are not worth treating. Examine the pullets end hens for" lice and dust thoroughly with a good Insect powder, or apply a mixture of equnl parts of vaseline and mercurial cr blue ointment,-applyina piece about the size of a pea, one Inch below the vent, rubbing the mixture lightly on the skin. An application of this ointment two or three times a year will keep the fowls free from lice. Provide a small box In the house, partly filled with dry road dust or fine dirt. In which the hens may dust themselves, thus helping to keep free: from lice. - - LS Austria The report is in press, and will be published early In November. Hew the Bureau Is Constituted. The National Bureau of Economlf, Research was organized after the wot by a group of persons who had come, to realize the need for accurate and scientific collation of statistical information as a basis for Intelligent eolation of national problems. The directors of the bureau are T. S. Adams, advisor to the Treasury department) John R. Commons, of the University of Wisconsin ; John P. Frey, editor ol the International Molders' Journal) Edwin F. Gay, president of the New Tork Evening Post ; Harry W. Laldler, secretary of the Intercollegiate Socialist society; El wood Mead, professor of rural Institutions, University of California; Wesley Clair Mitchell. New School for Social Research ; J. E. Ster-rett- , of the firm of Price, Waterhoust and company, accountants; N. L Stone, labor manager, Hlckey-Freemacompany; Allyn A. Toung, professor ol economics, Harvard university; also, the following appointed by the organizations named: F. P. Fish, of the National Industrial Conference board; Hugh Frayne, American Federation of Labor; David Friday, American Economic association; W. R. Ingalls, Engineering council; J." JL Larkla, InRelations dustrial Association of America; George E. Roberts, American Bankers' association; Malcolm O. Rorty, American Statistical association; A. W. Shaw, Periodical Publishers association; and Gray Silver, American Federation of Farm n It Is a rule of the bureau that each director must approve the findings of the research staff, or state his spe cific objections as part of the report In this way, bias Is eliminated, for methods and results are under constant supervision from men whose points of view are dissimilar. Williams Press Congress President Honolulu, Hawaiian IsUads. Walt of Missouri Williams, University School of Journalism was president of the Press Con Kress of tha World by acclamation. The coo sreos passed a resolution petitioning President Hsrdlnc to admit renra. sentatlves of the nress to the disarm. Dent conference deliberations. I rd flock. 9.96 10.18 10.84 11.94 14.80 (Billions of Dollars) i poorly-develope- t.OO Nat'l Income With a whitewash brush or spray pump apply thoroughly to the Inside of the house walls, celling, floor, dropping boards, and nests, as well as tha roosts, which should be placed out off doors in the sun for a few days. AU low the house to dry out before put-- ) ting In fresh litter. Rye straw makes, excellent litter, because It is tough and does not break up easily, but wheat) or oats straw, cornstalks, dry leaves,, or coarse hay are all usable. Make Houses Free From Drafts, Be sure that the house Is tight oa three sides and that there is no chance for a draft to strike the hens. If hens roost or are placed in a draft during the fall and winter, colds are sura to develop, which may result In roup and other troubles. From one-thitqi one-hal- f of the south side, or fronrj of the poultry house may be made of curtains and windows, but should be under control, so that the openings' may be closed gradually as the weathHave muslin curer becomes cold. tains in the front of the house or leave, a window partly open, even on the coldest nights, to allow some ventilation in the house. Fowls will stand considerable exposure to .cold air provided It Is dry, and ventilation will keep the air In the house dry. Before the pullets are mixed with the older fowls be sure that the hens are banded or that the web ef the foot Is punched in some way, so that yon can distinguish between the pullets and the hens. This plan permits the older stock to be culled out whenever desirable, and the young hens to be kept for further laying. For egg production do not keep hens over two years, but some of the best hens may be kept for breeders until three or four years Bring the Pullets In From tne Range Before They Begin to Lay, for Moving Them Retards Egg Production Two to Four Weeks. If It has a cement or wooden floor, remove all litter and dirt and put In 4 or 5 Inches of fresh straw or litter. Remove the roosts and scrape the dropping boards, wetting them down if necessary to loosen refuse which has caked and dried on. Sweep the walls and celling with a broom, and clean out all old nesting material. The house is now ready to be disinfected. Mix up a batch of whitewash or other disinfectant. Put a peck or more of d lime In a tub or barrel and pour on It enough water to start slaking. Stir occasionally end add more water to prevent burning. Keep the vessel covered with an old sack to retain the heat. After the lime Is thoroughly slaked dilute It to the proper consistency and strain It If It is to be applied with a spray pump. Add a quart of crude carbolic acid to each bucketful of wash. Other effective disinfectants are mixture used for spraying fruit trees, conl-tn- r preparations, or the approved cattle dips. fresh-burne- lime-sulph- GEESE FOR HOLIDAY MARKET g Some Concetrate Will Help. Even when the hogs are on pas- ture, If fed corn aloue the gains will not be as rapid nor as economically produced as they will If some additional concentrate rich In protein be fed with the corn. for ' Ducks. While ducks require plenty of water In the dny time, they should be provided with dry quarters at night. No other fowl Is more quickly injured by dampness. Dry Quarters RAISE CLOVER IN NEBRASKA Thanksgiving and Christmas Trade Is Spring Is Most Popular Time for ing Crop for Pasture and ImAlways Most Profitable of Whole Year. provement of Soli. Thanksgiving and Christmas are the best markets for geese. The fe titers come off more easily If the goose Is wrapped In a thick eloth after scalding to steam the feathers loose. The wings and tall feathers are pulled before steaming. Sprinkle powdered resin over the down and dip In hot water, which melts the resin so thnt the resin and down can be rubbed off together. Sow- Recent Information collected by the Nebraska College of Agriculture from Nebraska formers who grow sweet closer Indicates rhat spring Is the most popular time for sowing It. Forty nine out of farmers 'seeded It In April, 10 In March, eight In February and nine In May. Only six seeded In the fall. Sixty-seve- n were growing sweet clover for pasture, 84 for soil Improvement, 24 for hny, IS for seed and nine for bees. f-- Storage foe Vegetables. Warm, dry storage Is best for pumpValue of Cream ef Tartar. kins, squashes and sweet potatoes. Cream of tartar given In the drinkThey will keep better on a shelf near ing wnter every now and then wnrds the furnace than In the cold moist off disease and keeps the blood of the cellar which Is best for apples, pota- fowls In proier condition. toes and root vegetables. Try Hogging Off Corn. Grit and Oyster Shell. If you have never hogged off corn and Orlt oyster shells should be before, try It this year. It Is a splenprovided so the chicks may help them- did practice, and la growing In popuselves whenever they wish. larity every year.