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THE NEPHI, county seat of Juab county, Utah, jhe greatest dry dTT farming section of Utah, owns its own electric light plant, water works and 8 miles paved sidewalks. Two banks, lumber yard, plaster mill, fine schools and a modem hotel. ; x NEPHI, UTAH. S, 11 .11 1 TIMES-NEW- flTT ome Page of Live Topics for the Farmer and the Department prepared Housewife, Suggestions for the people of East Juab County. : : : of Agriculture by specialists in Short stories about people of prominence in our country Ira fheLimelbbfr American Stimson on Disabled Soldiers Disabled soldiers will be neglected and their treatment delayed so long as the federal bureaus administering their affairs operate practically as independent units, according to recommendations presented to congress by the Joint committee for aid to disabled veterans. Henry L. Stimson (portrait herewith) formerly secretary of war. Is chairman, and Franklin K. Lane, formerly secretary of Interior, is a member of this committee. of the bureau of war risk Insurance, rehabilitation division of the federal board for vocational education and public health service Is urged by the committee as the fundamental requirement In discharging the nation's debt to Its sick and wounded veterans. "Many cases of neglect, much of the criticism of the affairs of the disabled can be traced to this lack of the recommendations declare. "There is duplication of effort and superfluous medical examination. There Is confusion and delay in de. Is loss of time termining responsibility for the care of the disabled. There money and effort." Wood on Cost of Making War Representative Wood of Indiana was talking on fedural finances the other day In the hou and gave these figures, among others : Of the $LM.)3,G57,000 that was expended In 1870, 80 per cent was for war debts that we had created or paying for bills that we were making In preparing for war. That was true In this government from the close of the war of 1812, and It Is no better today. We nre spending today out of every dollar that Is wrung from the people of this country In taxation more than 80 cents In either paying for the war debt that we have created and the interest thereon or paying Id preparation for war. The naval estimates of the United States government for this year amount to $070,551,731, more than twice the amount. If you please, of all the expenses of this government of ours 50 years ago. Great Britain has already appropriated for the current year $410,597,7tHl for her navy, France has npproprloted $174,820,243. Italy has appropriated $58,389,226. Japan hag appropriated $187,207,243. And yet from these countries In Europe there comes a cry across the sea to the generosity of the United States. - Gibbs on "People of Destiny" Says Sir Philip Gibbs, one of tlw best known of war correspondents, Jii his book, "People of Destiny," written after his recent visit to the Unit, fy th for Thin Department Supplied American Tfrion Nmwp Brvle. IN PLEA FOR br NEGLECTED MEN Three Thousand Veterans From gion Ranks Are Explaining Situation to American People. Le- Three thousand volunteer speakers the American Lein every gion state are now h carrying by to the American people the Legion's story of the "suffer- from the ranks of word-of-mout- ing, shameful neglect justice" and In- in the government's adcf ministration the nation's debt to the disabled, which was contained in the forJohn Thomas mal memorial Taylor. which the Legion has presented to President Wilson, President-elec- t Harding, and to all members of congress. Probably never before In the history of the country has such an army of orators been mobilized to speak at the same time upon a single text. . The Legion aims to present to tho people Qf the United States the facts regarding the disabled in the same language as they were presented to the otllclals of the government. The Legion's memorial was carried to the President at the White House by John Thomas Taylor, vice chairman of the Legion National Legislative committee. National Commander F. W. Jr., gave it to Senator Harding it Marion, where he had a long and important conference on the disabled situation with the next President. The Legion denounces the present method of caring for the disabled as a "fallura" which only can be remedied by UTe entire reconstruction of the federal machinery dealing with the problem. The functions of the three agencies, which deal with the problems of the disabled, the bureau of war risk Insurance, the federal board for vocational education, and the' United States public health service, "must be their machinery decentralized and all three placed under common control," the memorial states. As an equally essential remedy for the memorial existing conditions, urges the Immediate appropriation for the use of the unified organization of a sum ample to build or rent a sufficient number of hospitals to take men who tare of the 16,000 are unable to receive treatment at present because of lack of beds and Gal-brait- States. "I have not encountered a single American in Europe who has not expressed, with what I believe is abso- inciter. ed - (Copy M lute sincerity, a friendly and affectionate regard for England, whose people and whose ways of life they like, and whose language, literature, and Ideals belong to our united civilization. They have not found In V England any of that hostility which they were told to expect, apart from s a few blackguardly articles in Journals. On the contrary, they have found a friendly folk, grateful for their help In the war, full of admiration for American methods, and welcoming them to our little old Island. "They have gone back to the Unit ed States with the convlctlrwi. which I share, with all my soul, that commercial rivalry, political differences, and minor Irritations. Inevitable between two progressive people of strong character, must never he allowed to divide our two nations, who fundameiitbily belong to the same type of civilization and i to the same code of principles." ' low-clas- The "failure" of the government to afford Justice to the sick and wounded veterans Is attributed by the Legion to "an astonishing state of divided responsibility and' wasted effort among the government agencies with which the problem rests." The break in the chain of responsibility occurs, according to the memorial, as a result of the fact that the war risk bureau Is under and responsible to an secretary of the treasury, an officer of assistant the executive branch of the govwhile ernment, the federal board for vocational Is respon- 1 sible only to congress, and Is under none of the executive departments of the government. . v. vxnu.aiin, "ftenator I'olndexter of WashingThe memorial Jr. Senator and ton (portrait herewith) Asserts that the ever Kmoot of Utah got quite excited United States hnj been more liberal the recent fire In the commerce buildthan any other nation In Its provisions ing which destroyed census data and for the disabled soldiers, but that It has other valuable records. Senator failed In large measure to make thexe said. In part : , provisions available In spite of Hie "In 1014, congress passed ar. act benefit of the exiicrlenre of other nations in the recent war and the exauthorising the construction of a fireproof archives building, but notwithperience of this nation In previous wars. standing that authorUntlon, congress lias failed to make the appropriation ; "In the of a disabled and I presume that records of several man, there are three needs inedlcnl times the value of such a building. If treatment, vocational training and It bad been constructed within a reathe memorial financial support," sonable time after congress had austates. "The government has recog-nlztthorized It which. In my opinion, Is I the three needs, but overlooks ' the (fact that they are the simultaneequivalent to h direction hare been ous needs of one man, not of three destroyed since the authorization went Into effect The United fttates stand dlffjretit men or of one man at three almost alone among the civilized govdlffent times. It makes three probernments of the world In being withlems tout of what really Is one problem. out a properly-equippeand modern "Continuing this faulty conception. It ha given the problem over to three building for storage of It archives." Iater Senator 8 moot Introduced a bill (R. 4TJ) to prohibit smoking lu agenrtles. All, by force of circumstanbuildings owned by the government of the United States. ces, are exercising functions they were Senators and Cigaret Smoking -- I'oln-dext- d d not Intended to exercise. This presents an amazing spectacle of admln-- i lstrative chaos, duplication, wasted energy and conflict, which Is the key to the present condition. "The result Is the suffering of the Thousands are disabled veterans. waiting and have wnlted for months for compensation for their Injuries. Thousands have waited for months for an opportunity to members themselves as or society by vocational training. Thousands are in need of hospitalization, and the government has no hos-p'tfacilities available for them. Of the 20,000 now in hospitals, 4,500 are quartered in Institutions uusuited to the needs of the men quartered there. New hospital cases are developing at the rate of 1,500 a month in excess Sixteen of the number discharged. thousand beds are needed now. Hundreds of veteruus are the object of public and private charity. Afflicted and penniless veterans have been driven to refuge in almshouses and jails. Many have d!ed, and If Immediate relief Is not forthcoming, more will die destitute, without proper medical care, without compensation with which to obtain it, abandoned by the country they served. "The bureau of war risk insurance Is responsible for the payment of compensation and for medical and hospital care-othe, man. Logically, this contact would involve establishing with the men at the time of their discharge from" the mllitury or naval service. It should then determine the existence and degree of disability and compensation on this basis. "Due to the centralization of the burea's forces ,lu Washington, it Is practically impossible under the present law to establish contact with the man entitled to these benefits. The disabled man is placed in the position of a man injured in industry who must sue the company. He must carry on an involved and technical correspondence. It is usually months after he is dropped from the pay rolls of the army or navy before he Is taken upon the pay roll of the bureau, even though his service discharge shows a definite degree of disability. On November 26, 1020, 83,000 cases were pending in the bureau awaiting definite adjustment of compensation. Thousands are suffering and many have died as a result of this neglect "The federal board for vocational training will accept the evidence of the bureau's medical files granting compensation as proof that a man Is entitled to vocational training. The bureau, however, will not accept the evidence that the board has awarded training as proof that a man Is entitled to compensation. "If the veteran Is receiving compensation and wants training, usually be. must take another physical examination, administered by the board to determine whether the claimant has a vocational handicap entitling him to training pay, or merely a compensable disability granting him training only. "When a. man enters training wltl! training pay, bis compensation stops and he Is shifted from the pay roll of the bureau to the pay roll of the board. The board, which was created as a training agency only, has- become a compensating agency as well. Many men have been kept on the pay roll of the board, not as a training measure solely, but as a measure of financial relief which they were entitled to, but unable to obtain from the bureau. "When a man Is dropped from training be Is tupposed to be dropped from the pay roll of the board and taken up by the bureau. On both shifts there Is delay. The average length of time for a man to be dropped from the bureau pay roll and taken up on the board pay roll Is about three weeks. The average time required for the second shift back to the bureau pa,y roll Is two months. No provision is made for the man's maintenance during these Interims. Id the majority of cases a man must undergo a new physical examination before the bureau will again pay him In other words, he must again prove his claim. "Of the 20,000 men now In hospitals. 4.500 are In Institutions which are unfit bvctiuse suitable hospital facilities nre not available." The Legion aver that lfl.IXX) beds are needed at once. Of this number, 1.500 uie necwxnry for transfer of tubercular patients from present unsatisfactory hospitals, and 3.000 for transfer of patients from the Inadequtite lodgings which they occupy now. The number of tubercular cases In need of Immediate hospitalization Is estimated to be 6.500 caws at and the Heds are also required 'for 6,000. about . 900 general, medical and cases. The statistics above are based. on from the statements following Public health service. Dr. sources: Thomas W. Salmon of New Tork, medical director national committee for mental hygiene; bureau of war risk Insurance, Dr. T. Victor Keens of polls, member, American Legloa hospitalization committer , neuro-ischiatrl- c neuro-psychtatr- EAST JUAB COUNTY invites the stranger within its gates to investigate the possibilities afforded here before going elsewhere. The famous Levan ridge is known throughout the world. Two railroads pass through Nephi. : : SHIPPING CONTAINER IS QUITE IMPORTANT HENS NEED CARE IN COLD MONTHS ' . . Factors to Be Considered in ' t Selecting Receptacles. Precautions Which Guard Health of Fowls and Increase Pro' Basket, Crate or Carton Should Bo ductivity Urged. VENTILATION IS ESSENTIAL Suited Especially to Produce to Be Marketed Desires of Customers Must Be Met. (Prepared by the United States Department of Agriculture.) Stand Much Cold Air One Important requirement for marProvided It Is Dry Scratch keting farm produce from producer Grains Compel Hens to Take direct to consumer is a proper and Necessary Exercise., satisfactory shipping container, say specialists of the. United (frepared by tho United States Depart- marketing States Department of Agriculture. A ment of Agriculture.) If good results are to be obtained container should be suited especially from the flock In winter the houses, to the produce to be shipped and which should have been put In good should be selected only after considcondition at the beginning of the win- ering such factors as durability, size, ter, must be kept clean and well ven- appearance and cost, Much dissatisfaction, tilated, and the proper kind of feed i Durability. with direct marketing has been caused, provided. by using containers which were pot Guard Against Drafts. , Drafts should be avoided. U, the hen souse, poultry specialists. of the United States Department oifAgricul-:ur- e sny. If hens are placed in a draft in winter, colds will develop, ivhich may result in roup or other The south side, or front, of ibe poultry house may be left com-- , juratlvely open, but should be under ;ontrol, so the openings may be closed tradually as cold weather approaches. Have muslin curtains at the front jpenings of the house. One window bouid be left partly open In each pen, ;ven on the coldest nights, to permit renfllation. Fowls con stand considerable cold air provided It is dry. Feed the grain in a deep litter 'on :he floor In the winter to compel the liens to exercise for oil of their grain. The mash may be fed 'either wet or Iry and should be so regulated that :he fowls will get about equal parts y )f mash and scratch grains. It Is to give the fowls plenty to eat to obtain good results, but the birds Satisfactory Basket for. Potatoes. should be eager for each feeTd. In cold of the sufficiently strong. This is especially weather feed about true when containers are used morr. than once. Shipping containers should be light In weight but sufficiently durable to carry the produce. Size. The size of a container depends upon the desires of the customsr. a ers. Most persons wish o obtain small quantities of each product at a time. Containers should he just large enough for the produce shipped. If the carton Is too large or too small, both the produce and the container are likely to be damaged, for the produce will not be kept In place and the container will be crushed. The larger the quantity of produce shipped In one panel the lower will be the cost per pound for transportation and thi lower cost per pound. should Appearance. A container present an attractive appearance. sVi'h on arrival and when opened,-an- d should show the produce to advantage." Of course, new containers are more attractive than those which have-bee; and only those secondrne nen is One Pet That Brings In hand used containers which are cleivn Dollars and Cents. should be nsed again. cratch grains In the morning and Cost. The cost of containers puts a s at night distinct limitation on small shipments A good scratch mixture may be of farm produce. A shipment must made of three parts by weight of have considerable value In order that cracked corn, one part wheat and two the transportation charges and cost of parts oats; and a mash may be made container mny not equal a Inrge perof two parts cornmeal and one part centage of the price. The price which each of wheat bran, wheat middlings can be reasonably paid for a container and beef scrap. Green feed, such as will depend on the value of the concabbages, mangel wurxel beets, cut al- tents, the cost of transportation, and falfa or sprouted oats, should be pro- - the price received for the produce as viaeu 10 replace me green iceii wmcn compared with the price that could the fowls have been obtaining In the be received locally. A maximum price fields; and beef scrap, skim milk, cut that should be pnlil cannot be stated, green bone or similar feed Is needed as each case must be derided by studyto replace the Insects which the fowls ing all of the factors Involved. have been getting on the range. Reef Garden and Fruit Needed. scrap or feed of this nature Is essenNo farm Is yielding the greatest retial In obtaining a good supply of eggs turn without some garden and fruit. during the winter mouths. Chickens Can wli if nec-ssar- one-fourt- h three-fourth- MAKE WOODLAND PROFITABLE Plan to Have It Permanently Produc tive, by Protecting It From Fire ana uvfrgriiing. Make your woodland permanently profitable by protecting It from Are g and from overgrazing: select for d defective, only the nirsfui-eand Inferior kinds of irecs, leaving the straight, thrifty mid better kinds to grow for a tuture crop. nit-tin- . INSECT DOES SMALL over-rrowde- Depnrtment of Agriculture Is not large, seldom lieing sufliclent to warrant artificial control measures. Ibis caterpillar rolls a leaf plielfer. the Interior of which Is rather dlnVult to reach with lnectlf Ides. Ordinarily, the rolled leaves can be rllped and burned, as they are easily delected. Arsenate of lend, two or three pound to fiO gallon of water. Is a foliage sprat when the becomes shtimtnnt. leiif-roll- HIGH VALUE OF RED CLOVER DAMAGE On Leaf-Rolle- aur-glc- al Has Attracted Attention on Account of Its Attack on Many Vegetables. r minute, green caterpillar, called has attracttha ed attention through Its attack on vegetable crops, particularly beans, sweet potatoes, nsparagus and corn, as well as strawberries and other The extent of tbe damage, plants. however, which has been Investigated ty entomologists- - cf tba United State A leaf-rolle- er Many Farms Crop Has a Place Because cf Its Adaptability to Short Rotations. In Undoubtedly much land fonin-rlred clover Is now growing alfalfa; but on many farms red clover lias a place and Is more valuable than alfalfa because of Its adaptability to short rotations. In growing tomatoes they should not be planted In soil containing dsess or fungus. .