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RELIEVES MISERIES OF Penetrate Stimulate to epptr bronchial tubwwittiltt toothing aitdicintl moon- tha dust tnd tick turfaeet Uk tiosd, warming poultlct. Warmlnff,soothing relief-grand relief comet when you rub good old Vicks VapoRub on the throat, chest and back at bedtime. Its penetrating-stimulating action keeps on working for hours. In vites restful sleep. And often by morning most misery of the cold is gone. No wonder most mothers use VapoRub. 901 9 C Try It tonight-llCKS home-proved VVapoRuS fha 24 M3ltoa American ponw 8 or avtomobilM Mi at turvivad tw war need SO mllllo mw ttret, eo-cordinf eo-cordinf to Oorormwi eshnxitn. New pasMngor tires will cw finite to ha cll-tyathetl for orna lima to soma H toket 450 rtibbar treat end two aw e year, workhf full tint, la areata tea of natural robber. Tbe work af Msertblag aaawt aa headstones bat boa made asier by development af rubber toadblatt slaacil tfcaaft Tha flnf commercial application of VP. 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Provides gentle bulk to aid normal, natural elimination. It's a great, naturally regulating' food, Ivan niche la Nutrition Tbaa Whole Wheat Because it's made from the vital outer layers of wheat, in which whole-wheat protective food elements ele-ments are concentrated. One ounce Of KELLOGG'S ALL-BRAN provides pro-vides more than 13 your daily Iron need to help make good, red blood. Calcium and phosphorus to help build bones and teeth. Whole-grain vitamins to help . guard against deficiencies. Protein to help build body tissue essen 'tial for growth. " Get ALL-BRAN1 at your grocer's. gro-cer's. Hade by Kellogg'a of Buttle Creek and Omaha ' I rPintniM IV I -W I M ill SNAPPY FACTS ' III RUBBER EEGaotlidcli Wig Sea Tragedies Recalled as Autumn Storms Uncover Rotting Wreckage of Ships on North Carolina Coast British and Spanish MenofWar,Clippers Among GnmRelics. By BILL SHARP Once more Caribbean storms have lifted the curtain on hundreds of tragedies which were played out on the lonely beaches of the Outer Banks of North Carolina in the past three centuries but as usual, it Is a fleeting show. Sand swept away by tides of the September hurricane already is drifting back with mild southwest winds, and before long most of the exposed wrecks will be hidden again-Silent again-Silent tribute to the craftsmanship of the old-time shipwrights and the sturdiness of their materials Is the preservation of the timbers and planking of these orphans of tho storm against generations of grind tog sand and pounding wave. When Iron men went down to the sea in ships with hearts of oak, it was not the ships mat failed in the face of the elements. Some of the derelicts now on view aO the way from Nag's Head to Ocracoke Inlet are familiar, and recall re-call many an anecdote. But some are beyond the ken of the oldest coastguardsmen or their records. The Carroll Deerlng. One of the most interesting is the ghost ship, Carroll Deerlng, out of Bath, Maine. She was found on Diamond Dia-mond Shoals In 1921, undamaged, with sails set, with uneaten food on the table and os the stove, but with only a cat to greet the coast guard crew which boarded her. The Peering passed Diamond lightship the day before, but that waa the last seen of any of her crew, and the cat kept her own counsel Later she drifted onto Ocracoke Island, Is-land, sanded up and was lost to sight and almost to memory until the hurricane hur-ricane scoured out her hull The George W. Wells, first six-masted six-masted schooner eve built, and then the largest wood vessel afloat, la also exposed. ' She came ashore In 1913 gale at Ocracoke. . VP At Nag's Head were uncovered gain the tired ribs of the quaint warship believed by many to be a Crumptter of Elizabethan days.' She was first revealed by a storm in 1939 and her primitive construction and fittings aroused much speculation. There is some Justification for the romantio identification, for shipwrecks ship-wrecks antedated colonization of these shores. The chroniclers of Sir Walter Raleigh's Roanoke Island Colony (1587) found the aborigines using crude iron tools which were believed fashioned from spikes taken tak-en from a shipwreck. There is record rec-ord of a Spanish shipwreck at Hat teres in 15S8 and some of its crew were rescued by the Indians. Also on exhibition again Is the remnant of the Ariosto, British tramp a victim of an 1899 storm. A mystery among the wrecks on the North Carolina 'coast Is this portion por-tion af some wooden vessel. Oldest records fail to name her, and It Is possible she foundered many generations age. The first clue to her plight came one cold, foggy December night when coastguardsman Mathew Guthrie on beach patrol stumbled over the body of a dying sailor, who gasped out the news that a vessel was breaking up a tew hundred yards offshore. A Lyle gun shot could not reach her, and surfboats could not be launched Twenty-one men lost their Uvea and lie buried atop a lonely lone-ly Ocracoke dune. Six more swam and floated ashore alive Ironic was the sequel to the death of the four-masted schooner Anna R. Beindritter of New York. loaded with dyewood, which came ashore March 2. 1942, and Is visible offshore. off-shore. She ran into a gale end put out anchors, but dragged onto the shoals. Capt Bennett D. Coleman of Springfield. Mass.. and his crew of eight survived, saved by the Lyle gun and breeches buoy, and after the captain had arranged for the "vendue" (auction sale of salvage) GHOST SHIP This Is an that la left of the Carroll Car-roll A. Deerlng, out of Bath, Maine. A atom drove her npoa Diamond Shoals January 29, 1921. When eoastguardsmea boarded her they found her endamaged. The sails were set food was on the table and en the stove, bnt ae one was aboard. Only a disconsolate cat roamed the decks. No trace was ever found et any of her crew, although every effort ef-fort was wade. Since aha could not be floated gain, the coast guard blew her ap I pill:J ,..,i)il)UUI)-J.A..,.......I.IMi.li. The burned out hull of aa eld schooner, the Kohler of Baltimore, atanda bleakly on a sand bar near Hatteras, N. C. It was uncovered by the fury of a hurricane. Drifting sands are piling ever ft again, and It will aooa disappear from sight. he started for home. While changing chang-ing trains in New York ho was run down by a taxicab and killed. Worst Navy Wreck. Off the beach at Nag'a Head is visible vis-ible in a calm sea the bell, tank, and boiler of the USS Huron, a warship war-ship wrecked November 24, 1877, with a loss of 108 lives the worst disaster In U. S. naval history up to that time. The crew members were burled on the beach and relatives came, for many years after to search in the shifting; sands for them. Cap'n Jeff Hayman of Roanoke Ro-anoke Island Is believed to be the only person still alive who saw the ghastly affair and ghastly It was, for subsequent. Investigation disclosed dis-closed that- some of those aboard were drunk that fateful night when sobriety might have saved both ship and crew. Cap'n Jeff today has the silver sugar bowl from the Huron captain's table. Such maritime violence has produced pro-duced a lot of maritime heroism. Prom Oregon Inlet to Ocracoke Inlet In-let are some 27 holders of Congressional Congres-sional Medals of Honor, possibly the largest group of heroes per capita In these United States. Six of them came as a. sequel to the events of August IS, 1918, when the SS Mirlo, a British tanker, was torpedoed, and Capt John Allen Mldgett and five members of the Chlesmicomoco coast guard station braved e sea of blazing oil to rescue 42 members of the crew. Strangely enough, the SS City of Atlanta in 1943 was destroyed In the same way and about the same spot, but the Chicamlcomoco boys were unable to get through the fire. On the same day and within an hour helpless watchers on the S ''A Banks saw a German submarine sink two other vessels and damage still another. The Atlanta bones now rest by those of the Mirlo. One of the most dramatic events of sub warfare was on August 8, 1918, when Diamond Lightship, guarding the easternmost tip of Diamond Dia-mond Shoals, was sunk by submarine subma-rine gunfire. Capt W. L. Bamett and his crew roared over the boiling shoals 12 miles to the beach. Bar-nett Bar-nett now retired. Uvea at Buxton. Tho lightship added her skeleton to that fabulous Graveyard of the Atlantic. At-lantic. Diamond Shoals, where lie so many metal hulks that compasses of passing ships are pulled oft north by aa much as S degrees. Modern "Flying Dutchman. " The peculiar configuration of the North Carolina coast with tha sandy capes jutting out causes mariners' anxious preoccupation with this area. Most dangerous are Diamond Shoals an extension of Cape Hat X ): 5- ' i 1 teras, 12 miles Into the Atlantic, an area of constantly shifting quick sands. It Is a maxim of sailors that once on the Diamond Shoals, no vessel ves-sel ever comes off. The Maurice R. Thurlow proved en exception, however, when she ran aground In a 1927 storm. The coast guard removed her crew, but when a cutter came down to try to pull her oil, no trace of the vessel could be found. Thirteen days later the schooner was sighted by the Dutch tanker, Sleldrect, in the North Atlantic. At-lantic. A general order waa released to run down the modern Flying Dutchman, but though she was reported re-ported from time to time, the sea wanderer was never overtaken and no one knows what became of her. In the shoals lies another famous Ship the pioneering Federal iron-Clad, iron-Clad, Monitor. Following her engagement en-gagement with the Confederate Mer-rlmac Mer-rlmac in Hampton Roads, March 9. 1862, the damaged Monitor was sent south in tow of the sidewheeler Rhode Island. A gale sprang up and the little "cheesebox" sank on the shoals with a loss of 18; 49 others oth-ers were rescued by the Rhode Island.' Is-land.' Hatteras Is a control point in setting set-ting courses for coastwise and West Indian shipping, because the shortest short-est route lies near the Cape. Northbound North-bound shipping finds a favorable current by staying in the Gulf Stream, which brushes the tip of the Shoals, while southbound traffic goes between the Stream and the coast where there is e southerly current sweeping down from the arctic. Thus, ships pass as close to the Cape as they can. Alexander Hamilton recommended recommend-ed a lighthouse at Hatteras in 1794,' and it was completed in 1798, but was too low to provide an adequate signal. In 1870 a new light 190 feet high, was built (highest brick light in the world) and served until 1938 when the encroaching sea led the government to erect still another light further inland at Buxton. Diamond Lightship also was anchored an-chored et the tip of the Shoals, and a navy radio direction station was set up at the Cape. Inasmuch as the new steelgirder lighthouse is not visible to ocean ships by day, the cape now has four navigation aids for the mariner the old spiral-striped spiral-striped brick tower aa a day warning; warn-ing; Diamond Lightship; the new Buxton Light; and the modern radio finding station. , No "Sblpwreckers." While it is probably true that for many years shipwrecks were the "principal importation" of the Banks, there appeara no evidence to support the charge that long agd the Bankers practiced shipwrecking and looting. However, aome homes are partly fashioned from the timber of old ships, and many a house contains con-tains articles salvaged from doomed ships or bought at the "vendue." In this connection Is recalled the most popular legend of the village of Straits in Carteret county concerning concern-ing a preacher tor whom Starr Methodist church there la named. During the severe winter of 1813 so the story goes the citizens of Straits were starving after a crop-killing crop-killing drouth the nrevloua aummer. ; Frozen sounds prevented fishing. ana uic iwjpoieome wars and a British blockade made commerce Impossible. Parson Starr thus resorted re-sorted to prayer: "If It is predestined predes-tined there be a wreck on tho Atlantic At-lantic coast" he pleaded, "please' let it be Thy will that it happen here!" In a tew days a flour-laden ship wrecked on Core Banks, and famine was prevented. ',V-4t-V:-.:i- v :, .-.v.:v. Fundamentals Needed In Postwar Education Courses Must Be Centered Around Core of Subjects Stressing Human Relations; Physical Build-up Also Important. By CAUKIIAGE IVetos Analyst and Commentator. WNU Service, 1618 Eye Street N.W., Washington, D. C (This la the second of two articles on the "new reconversion," this one hi education.) In e previous column I laid before you the vital need of reconverting our educational system it America Is going to meet the challenge of other Ideologies to the faith in our democratic institutions. I pointed out bow poorly many of our occupation occupa-tion forces ere testifying to their democratic convictions in the face of the geniality of our former enemies. ene-mies. I took you into the office of Commissioner Com-missioner of Education John Stude-baker Stude-baker who pointed out to me how reconverting educationally is as important im-portant as reconverting industrially if we are going to meet the problems of the day. Dr. Studebaker said that, mis could be achieved by making a solid core of education available to all Such a core would be composed com-posed of certain basic studies which educators believe sre essential to a solidarity of democratic thought The commissioner of education sees mis core es a reinforcement of mental men-tal iron In the moral structure of the nation. When you talk about making this core available to all. that Is not the complete picture. Men like Doctor Studebaker would have this group of basic studies required of all students, stu-dents, not Just made available to them. And thereby, say the traditionalists, tradition-alists, hangs a threat to the elective system under which many institutions institu-tions of learning have been comfort, ably educating students. Under the system of free choice. College Joe end College Jane could pick the courses their hearts desired. If their hearts desired a little extra sleep in the morning, they could pick classes that would not require early rising. If extra-curricular activities were particularly heavy one semester, they did not have to take economics which was hard when Turkish architecture archi-tecture was a snap. Too many students have been coming com-ing out of our institutions of learning learn-ing without a basic concept of what our democracy is all about say the educators who are crying tor reconversion. recon-version. If they don't select the courses that will give them that concept con-cept they must be required to take them, "these same men say the future fu-ture of our way of life is at stake. Education Vital Force in State It is a well-known fact that before the Nazis ever dreamed of world conquest they first restrained by force, those who were too old or too wise to eccept Nazi indoctrination. The more malleable minds of the young were filled with the false doctrines doc-trines of subordination to the state, race hatred and exaltation of might Their other anti-democratic and snti - Christian principles were poured into the youth until there was produced a state in which the controlling element of the population was fanatically loyal to Naziism. Democracy and Christian principles princi-ples once instilled can produce just as strong a loyalty, just as enduring a faith, but there is a minimum of Instruction in their true meaning that must be made available to everyone ev-eryone more than that that should be required study of everyone who would be a. good citizen. This is the first way in which the destructive destruc-tive forces which are Working against democracy can be arrested. And so Doctor Studebaker presents pre-sents the Idea of a "core" around which can be built an understanding understand-ing of the whole democratic system; how Its parte can be fitted Into one another end Into a world which must either be' closely Integrated or explosively ex-plosively antagonistic. There is not space here to consider consid-er the details of the composition of this core. Two examples of the type of studies which Doctor Studebaker feels are essential; and which must be taught much more comprehensively comprehen-sively end for a longer period than they are now, was given in the first article. They are economics end geography. There must be basic understandings and skills in the field of language. By that the commissioner com-missioner means the channels by which we communicate and are communicated with reading, writ BARBS .Halt the communities In the United States ere not reached by a railway, says the automobile manufacturing manu-facturing association. They have to roll on rubber instead of rails. Last year more people were killed by accidents In the rural areas than In the cities. There we're more automobile collisions in the rural and small-town areas. Why? v .ia..usseVi ing, listening, speaking. Since radio broadcasts are heard daily by multiplied multi-plied millions, critical listening should be a vital part of the basic educational program. Since freedom of expression is an essential attribute of a democracy, citizens need to develop critical thinking in order to evaluate the powerful influence of communication communica-tion and propaganda constantly brought to bear on them. War ExposeB Academic Weaknesses During the war, certain major weaknesses in our educational system sys-tem were bluntly exposed. Total rejections re-jections In the war tor physical, psychiatric and educational reasons have been almost as numerous as the number of men who served in the army overseas. We may or may not need our young men to fight another war, but regardless of this, we need to improve school programs pro-grams of health and physical education, educa-tion, including the early discovery of remediable defects to be corrected by family physicians and public health agencies. A nation that would be strong,' must be strong physically. physi-cally. Military authorities have also found a major weakness in the work of the schools in the failure to require re-quire older students to carry mathematics mathe-matics to the point of practical mastery. mas-tery. The natural sciences gained a larger place in the field of education educa-tion during the war, and they should continue to do so, according to Commissioner Com-missioner Studebaker. No adequate understanding of our civilization is possible without considerable knowledge knowl-edge of them. Moreover, many careers in trade, technical, professional profes-sional and scientific pursuits, v.. . . er of industry, business or agriculture, agricul-ture, are handicapped without a thorough thor-ough scientific groundwork, laid in the elemenfary and secondary schools and for many, continued in the colleges and universities. - ' But one of the most basic segments seg-ments of the core, in the opinion of Dr. Studebaker, should be made up of the social studies. It is upon this group that we have leaned most heavily in training tor responsible citizenship and this must Continue. Con-tinue. History and the other social studies are essential to the grounding ground-ing of our citizens in the American tradition of political liberty, a knowledge of the structure of ourj republican form sf government, and a firm attachment to the democratic faith. Doctor Studebaker says. I said that it is the belief of important im-portant educators that a core of this type must become a "must" in the curricula of the nation, thereby casting overboard the traditional elective system whereby 'a student is given pretty much tree choice in what he will study. This new approach ap-proach is emphasized in one sf the most widely quoted documents of recent re-cent publication, the Harvard study entitled, "General Education in a Free Society." This work has startled a number of people coming as it does from the institution that saw the elective system reach its most extreme form, for it recommends recom-mends the abandonment of that system. sys-tem. In this document the chief priest of the elective system points out the weaknesses of that long-cherished method. Of course, it is one thing to set up curricula that will insure the tact that those 'attending school will get the basic studies. It ia another to see that these required subjects are made available to all. Is it possible to produce and democratically distribute dis-tribute this basis core to all America? Amer-ica? Not yet That Is another must in the new reconversion. The ex penditures now msde on this priceless price-less commodity are Inadequate. But I am not dealing here with the finances fi-nances of education. That Is a subject in Itself. Suffice It to say that even with greater funds this product as blue-printed by the experts, ex-perts, cannot be produced in the existing plants any snore than the peacetime models and types of Industrial In-dustrial commodities ean be produced pro-duced by machines equipped for wsr production. Nor is the personnel snd the training of that personnel "adequate. "ade-quate. 6y Baukhage The highest suicide rate among women is found in Japan and Germanic Ger-manic countries. Maybe their own wives didn't like em any better than the Allies did. 0 0 0 At the army air forces center in Orlando. Fla , r T 7. J JSI(CVUil motor vehicles which will operate wver wv aoow. wuery: where do they get the now in Florida? " SEWING CIRCLE PATTERNS Two-Piecer Is Young V Smait Two-Piece Frock A YOUTHFULLY smart two-piece two-piece dress for those occa sions whenkyou want to look your best The blouse buttons down the back and is cut to give that popular popu-lar nipped in look. 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