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c 1.11 it !Stti sraif m el era RA1 poll! be ,f ha. lurliS tipatf he d; L()G(t lenty atisM lelloffi l ton r de 5 lbs.! only iters Btur mi ce's Job Program . Packs Political TNT Valla Reorganization of Commerce Department First Step Forward in Formulation Of Full Employment Policy. By BAUKHAGE JVews Analyst and Commentator. 1TSC Service, 1616 Eye Street, N.W. Washington, D. C. flu recent operating and or-enizatlon or-enizatlon program for the department depart-ment of commerce created very little lit-tle excitement in Washington or elsewhere else-where when it was released. I think It made page 15 of the New York Times. The Times gave much more prominence recently w anum iment from the pen of Henry Agard Wallace-his new book, "Sixty Million Mil-lion Jobs," of which I shall speak later. Congress may slumber on the reorganization re-organization report for yet a little, !aut when Washington wakes to the Ireal significance of this 10-page, mimeographed document it will find jbetween the lines much upon which fio Bonder. (Maybe that is why It f I as double-spaced.) I To me, this is a mree-m-uuo iu-ttrument-just as its author, Henry .Wallace, revealed himself as a three-in-one personality when I :alled on him just before the publication publ-ication of his program, his first ap-iroach ap-iroach to the governmental lime-ight lime-ight since the change In adminis-ration. adminis-ration. The report on what Mr. Wallace n his capacity as secretary of com-Jnerce com-Jnerce hopes will mean the revitalis-jng revitalis-jng and expanding of his department, depart-ment, envisions the metamorphosis if that somewhat turgid and import impo-rt institution into a vigorous and uman organization which will reach ut and touch millions of individuals Just as the government's most virile iepartment agriculture, does. Sec- Jetarj Wallace said frankly at bis ress conference and also in more detail orivately to me. that he y-M fought that the department of com-tf com-tf tierce should do for the business tk $an, big and little, what the de-jff de-jff Bartment of agriculture does for the vi farmer, big and little. And it will, if Bai he has bis way. hat i Active Department itJJJ: Secretary's Goal ick&fj , J Wipe out of your mind, if you will, f ft that one-time problem child of the W, HW rtal h ocrrifiiltitral ttriflist. Blent administration. Now weigh toe testimony of observers, including includ-ing anti-Wallaceites, and I think you Will learn that as secretary of agriculture, agri-culture, the author of "Sixty Mil- l, lion Jobs" did a good job in re-i re-i vitalizing his department. IHow much it will cost to do as much for commerce, we couldn't get him to estimate, but he finally told ul that it would be less than one-sixth one-sixth of the cost of one day's war V-E Day. By a series of calculations calcula-tions we arrived at the figure of 40 million dollars. Since the commerce department spent about 121 million dollars last year, Mr. Wallace's changes would make a total cost for bis revitalized department of 161 million dollars. jThose who cry economy will shudder at that figure but they will hear mis answer: If business, big Wd little, wants help similar to that which agriculture demands and gets KwUl cost something. The department depart-ment of agriculture cost .approximately .approxi-mately 769 million dollars to run last WW. and the farmers wouldn't "ni it to do less. rat J"" als be another explan- tri ao of the fieiire mhioh -.Hi . whJ ow that part ot tt ex" sff vi 4? tee "organised depart- reaUy contracon. and that al lift farfeg, uto tte 8econd mteger of lIn!T"l'IM composition of Mr. Wlrv!rnmental tosHhrtion. It J msLw ' part of President Tru" imsni.- . . W "SSUme would brin back iZZ 5 comerce rooftree the in agencies and commissions WBirli V wiiiiuilRlBDi (SSi!v',odowithlndu8wi SeDo'theWal. lintoliT 11 " y his own Mfck";-4 V. "uaea m nis bJ??lmoa Job." 1 men- in.T!;. nngs to an ex-Mr. ex-Mr. Wauace himself, that lit. k. . IS ViUfl 0rtani2an t T ""8m oi re-I?" re-I?" eemed trinartitent K bim. 'he c.Te LI. "e ereat ch B..U 7 . "' -room 2rt Hoover planned for i maae a nos- BARBS.. . "sundred. thousand - 01T7 Population are mem- I l Ir..Unions- Bu wha have ,w trade? Sm.L S3k you: "Don't you a war on?" h. . Till- 1 " . .. WSJ 11 "C-1 X resist I , a wneuier you tr U J f 'onnal declaration of MtuVlj -n' even to sight yet I aq pitable oasis in the midst of theipresent home or give up our lease desert vastness of high walls and lofty celling. A Presidential Ghost Emerges 1 had really come to see Henry Wallace, the author of "Sixty Mil lion Jobs," which had just been reported re-ported a best seller in two New York stores. We discoursed at somi length on that opus and gradually 1 found myself also talking to Henr Wallace, secretary of commerce for, as I suggested earlier, many t strand from "Sixty Million Jobs" may be discovered in the warp and woof of the department reorganization reorganiza-tion plan. As the conversation moved from book to report and back to book again, never getting far from the theme of full employment. I thought I could make out an ectoplasmic form arising from what had been up until then my two-part, author-secretary author-secretary host The third being, although al-though not yet completely materialized, mate-rialized, little by little became translucently visible to the naked eye. This party of the third part I thought 1 recognized as Henry Wal lace, presidential candidate (1948 or at least 1952). Perhaps I would not have believed my eyes if it had not been for a Statement wnicn a Stout supporter of Mr. Wallace had made to me: " 'Sixty Million Jobs' comes pretty near to being just about the best political piaaorm trie Democratic j basements, sub-floors, etc. Less ex-party ex-party can run on in the next elec-, pensive insulation, also less expen-tion." expen-tion." j sive central heating plants, prove In one place. Author Wallace says: adequate. "There are a few. of course, who Recent wide and authoritative think that any government servant studies, such as the two-year survey who uses the phrase 'full employ- conducted by Small Homes Guide, ment' is engaged in some deep dark reveal very pointedly why this fact plot. But they are the exceptions is s0 important. They show that that prove the people's sanity and 47.4 per cent of families now plan-soundness plan-soundness as a whole." ning to build, expect to spend from Senator McClellan might be con- $4,000 to $6,000. Another large per-sidered per-sidered one of the exceptions from centage, 30.7 per cent, plan to build his remarks in the debate on the in the $6,000 to $10,000 class, while full employment bill. He said that 0Wy about 6 per cent are planning the measure "says a great deal to build in the $10,000 and better and actually means nothing except class. to create an erroneous impression in if these families are to get full the minds of the people." He later value for their money, the home described it as "soft soap." 'Sixty Million Jobs' Draws Commendations Whatever the lawmakers think, the reviewers certainly are full of praise for Wallace's book. The New York Times calls it "a thoughtful and thought - provoking discussion of American political economy," and the Saturday Review of Literature, agreeing with the Times, adds that, "more than any recent work on economics or politics, it can -serve as a moral testament and intellectual intel-lectual guide in the eventful, diifi-cult diifi-cult days ahead." The work appeared first in a busi-ness-letter-sheet size with paper cover; it followed in orthodox book form. Later the author hopes, he told me, that it will be printed in a cheap, pocket-size edition. When Mr. Wallace said that I thought I caught his ectoplasmic triplet nodding emphatic approval while ghostly lips formed the words, "for every voter's pocket." Much water tvill pass beneath the Potomac bridges between now and 1948 or 1952. We have with us at present a conservative congress and the political veterans say that no matter which way the wind may blow abroad, it is blowing to the richt on Canitol hiU and. they add hopefully, perhaps not .00 ieftward at the other end of Pennsylvania avenue. Secretary - author - candidate Wallace's Wal-lace's full employment program requires re-quires much more legislation than the full employment bill. That is only the first step. The expansion and re-orientation of his and other departments will be required. Then L.Tk 1 f""- manpower picture. Good, dry lum-there lum-there will be special taxation; there f i public works; there will have to be a settled policy providing for foreign loans the Bretton Woods program and other stimulants of world trade and tourist traffic. If a too conservative congress did not grant the minimum legislative implementation, the "Sixty Million Jobs" plan could not be carried out That however. Mr Wallace's supporters sup-porters insist, will simply make 60 million people who want jobs, plus their families, vote for the man who believes they can be produced. by Bau khage The White House had its first real paint job since the war began and looks like a new place. The scaffolds were up before J-surrender day. 1 wonder if the painters had a tip? We have 20 million less horses and mules to feed than we once had in this country. But the land used to raise food for them is now feeding human beings. Home Building Resumed, but Will BeforeMost People Can Expect Their 'Dream House' : I r.-x--y.-'-iW)mMv.w .w.w..-.v...wJ...c.-......w. Material Shortages Delay Construction On Any large Scale By W. WADSWORTH WOOD Government restrictions on building build-ing of private houses ends October 15. This comes as heartening news to the 12 ;nillion families who are said to be ready and anxious to build new homes Now these people are wondering: Should we sell our In the hope of building right away? What plans can we safely and con fidently make right now? This question raises several other ones, which may be summarized thus: L What will building COSTS be. In comparison with those of prewar years? 2. Will conventional materials such as lumber, brick, etc., be of poorer quality than prewar? 3. What are the new and different dif-ferent features and materials so widely discussed for coming homes? Are those miracles In terms of revolutionary beating, streamlined kitchens, and pushbutton push-button laundries yet available? Here is the result of serious thinking, think-ing, first on the subject of costs. While the government unofficially estimates that home building costs have increased one-third (requiring one thus to pay $8,000 for a house that could be built for $6,000 before the war) these costs are really apt to run somewhat higher. It may take $9,000 to build that former $6,000 home. This is partly because labor costs are steadily rising, and 73 per cent of the total building costs are directly or indirectly labor costs! Residents in some sections of the -mmtrv such a in th Smith, mav confidently expect lower prices due to the fact that the less severe cli mates permit the elimination of c. f .JJfS ; III 2 i -! ; '''.W " Jill If'wii Electric ranges, refrigerators with deep-freeze compartments, sinks with built-in dishwashers, cabinets of all sises . . . everything wiU be ready for the new kitchen early next year. building industry must hasten to eliminate the traditional "hammer-and-saw" practices of "cut-fit-and-try " Certain union practices and .tnJ k.,iij:. 4m Inner - -J must also be changed. We are frequently asked: "When can we be sure of being able to get I od quality building materials?" To this, our best authorities quickly tell us that most of the hard material materi-al such as cement, sand, lime, stone, etc., are plentiful. Brick and cement block vary with the regional situation here should be carefully checked with a reputable lumber dealer in your community. Someone else asks: "What are the newest developments in construction mMiHal that I can expect to get wit- r the next six months?" Our repiv indicates that waterproof ply-wooa. ply-wooa. plastic-finished wallboards, fireproof asphalt shingks. light metal met-al framing, complete package units: windows, doors, built-in closets, cabinets, cab-inets, fireplaces, will all be available. avail-able. These new developments fol- These hand-gome hand-gome heaaea come within the price class that at least a third of ; prospective home builders expect to pay. Building at the left is of common com-mon brick and would cost about $8,000. One at rJght is priced at j .fi 0M j mews&tmiwmiff' Stone and wood combine to make this attractive bouse. The built-in garage Is one of Its most appealing features. Contractors estimate It could be constructed for about $9,000, which Is within the range about one-third one-third of home builders are willing to pay. low the trend towards saving expensive ex-pensive site labor costs. While the home building restrictions restric-tions are being lifted, as of October 15, the announcement carries with it a six-point program that involves several directives aimed at correcting correct-ing the present situation. These will seek to hasten production of scarce building materials; will strengthen inventory controls to prevent hoarding; hoard-ing; will expand OPA price control of building materials to prevent inflationary in-flationary pressure; control mortgage mort-gage practices: facilitate action by industry groups and widely advise on home values. In the directive, great stress is put upon the rapid expansion of the home building industry in-dustry as the greatest single added add-ed source of jobs in our entire economy, econ-omy, and the statement is made that: "we also know that the present housing shortage is bound to continue con-tinue for some time and that there may be pressure to increase the price of new homes in response to an active demand." In the light of these facts, thousands thou-sands will be asking such questions as this: "Should I renew my present pres-ent lease which expires in six months, or try to build a new home right away?" Wise advice would appear ap-pear to be this: Renew for one year A year and a half is not too much time for thoughtful planning and careful working out of your family's requirements from site selection '0 the details of built-in storage facilities. facil-ities. There are countless houses that could have been good houses if a few extra months had been used for planning. Still other thousands will be asking: ask-ing: "Should I sell the home I own now, rent for several years and then plan to build?" To such, wise counsel would be: Hold your home, as rents will be high and there will be no sudden drop in real estate values. First, because of rebuilding costs due to higher wage levels, and second, the very sizable backlog of demand that will require several years to satisfy. Start planning your new home now. It will likely take you a whole year to get through all the steps carefully. Selection of your new lot, title insurance, getting your ideas into blueprints, working drawings draw-ings and specifications; getting bids, negotiating the financing all this takes time. Being very specific, others will ask: "All I can afford to spend is $6,000. I need three bedrooms. What can I expect?" Our frank advice is this: Not too much, if your total includes thp cost of a lot. You had better choose a compact story-and-a-hali design, and then plan to finish fin-ish the two upper-story bedrooms and bath at a later date. In the matter of home equipment. iiniiiiiiiifiuiiitiniiii Be Year or More a flurry of questions always centers around: "What's new?" For example: exam-ple: "Will air conditioning be cheaper cheap-er than before the war?" Well, assuming as-suming that you refer to summer cooling combined with air filtration, de-humidifying and circulation, the answer is Yes. Several mass production pro-duction manufacturers are bringing out new. efficient units that can be added later to any forced warm sir heating system. Others ask: "Will th npiv Iritehan ffavlppe rnst less or more than before the war?" Of j work must run behind help short-course short-course this refers to dishwasher, ages, equipment shortages, price garbage-disposal unit, range, refrig erator. The latter two win cost a little more but will be more efficient. Alert makers are planning to bring costs down by combining units, such as one which will wash both clothes and dishes, by changing bowls and substituting a rubber-covered wire dish rack for the agitator. A modern bathroom is a 'must" in nearly everyone's planning. The important new development in bath-1 meeting in Philadelphia. Sir Wil-room Wil-room ideas involves separating the liam Beveridge, whose vast social different fixtures to eliminate early ; mornine congestion. Most favored arrangement Includes separate shower stall, an extra lavatory and medicine cabinet. The new fixture designs are more beautiful and have lots of added conveniences. Kitchens Kitch-ens have been brought Into focus with the modem "dreams" too. Many manufacturers are offering beautiful and complete package kitchens that include an amazing : number of new items of convenience i and advanced, automatic labor-sav-ing equipment. j The gripes or "pet hates" con-: cerning houses are going to be largely large-ly eliminated through better plan-j ning. There will be plenty of closet space, for instance. The trend is to larger rooms spread out on one floor; with larger windows and provision pro-vision for more outdoor living. Colors Col-ors will be bright and cheerful, and details of decoration will strike a . smart, peacetime motif. "How about all the promised postwar post-war home gadgets?" you may be asking. Well, you can look for new refrigerators with deep-freeze compartments; com-partments; new developments in automatic dishwashers and washing machines; ultra-efficient vacuum cleaners vastly improved appliances appli-ances ready early next year. "Will postwar developments completely com-pletely eliminate housekeeping drudgery?" The answer is, "Almost." "Al-most." For example, the precipitin precipi-tin takes dust out of the air electrically. elec-trically. Most kitchen chores, such as dishwashing, will be reduced to a minimum by automatic controls. Heating and cooling will be fully automatic. New developments in plastic wall and floor finishes, new rugs and draperies should help in adding at least three hours more daily freedom to the clock of most housewives. It is indeed a great, new streamlined peacetime era which we are about to enter! Dodge Corp. Survey Shows A Billion Dollar Backlog Ready for Home Building A huge volume of funds is ready for investment in construction, according ac-cording to the F. W. Dodge corporation, corpora-tion, specialists in building statistics. In a recent announcement, Thomas Holdrn. president, stated that $7,-753.138.000 $7,-753.138.000 has definitely been allocated allo-cated to construction projects in the 37 states east of the Rocky mountains. moun-tains. Of this huge sum, $1,107,448,-000 $1,107,448,-000 has been set aside for residential residen-tial building Mr. Holden commented that "events since V-J Day have shown that postwar construction revival is likely to move considerably faster than was anticipated some months tion of an unagreed policy. Frank-ago Frank-ago The removal of controls has iyt then I do not know what it eliminated onp of our anticipated means, except that everyone will revival bottlenecks.' 1 Ft 7 ? BESSi AH Mst theN: By PaULMaLLON Released by Western Newspaper Union. DECLARED OLD IDEAL WASHINGTON. Although the full employment bill is being pushed through congress into law by a preponderant pre-ponderant favor for it and there is no objection to the basic hopefulness of its theory no one seems to know what it 'means, or even where it came from. By great odds, it is the most uncertain and unclarifled piece of legislation of my time here. I have been calling It a CIO bill because the CIO baa can palgned for It In the usual expensive ex-pensive and prepossessing manner man-ner which obscures other back-Ing back-Ing and monopolises the publicity. publi-city. But CIO planners did not write It. The numerous senators whose names are attached as co-authors will give you little satisfaction if you inquire where they got the notion of passing a law proclaiming the right to work which has always existed, legally, constitutionally and by custom. cus-tom. The original draft of their bill was probably composed, as nearly as I can ascertain, by the Farmers Union, farthest left of the three farmers farm-ers lobbies and often called the farmer branch of the CIO. But of all things the fanners need right now, a law declaring their right to 1 fABM saVtrf VIMMtlitalltJ sMtamra AthAV av. Isting agricultural consideration. The Farmers Union people will say they got the idea out of a speech Mr. Roosevelt made In which he mentioned a lQt.of.jights, including the right to work. But Mr. Roosevelt Roose-velt did not say there ought to be a law, and before he mentioned the matter it had gotten into a resolution resolu-tion of an international labor office security hopes were swamped in the last election, was an ardent champion of legislation to declare the right to work. Going behind and beyond him, an investigation will brirlg you to the fact that such a right is declared In the Soviet Russian Rus-sian constitution. There It has some meaning because under a dictatorship fixing fix-ing salaries, controlling hours, renting homes and even cooking and charging for the workers' meals, while restraining the worker from freedom, a law promising to share whatever work the government gives Is a realistic right. But this Is all far- behind American Ideals and rights which already go much further, promising among other things, freedom of work at one place or another and the right not to work. Even this would not be so perplexing perplex-ing except that both sponsors and amenders of this right-to-work bill agree it carries no legal rights. Coauthor Co-author Thomas of Utah may not have been pinned down on that point yrt, but Co-author Murray and Amender Taft, and all the others, seem agreed no citizen could sue an employer or the government for a job or get out an injunction, or that a labor union could sue, or get the courts to make someone. establish estab-lish jobs or wages, hours or anything. any-thing. This, they all say, is just a declaration of policy by congress, no matter how it is worked. Its authors particularly deny that it is a trick to establish a legal basis for a whole new conception of law in which the unions or individual workers work-ers could build up decisions through this new Supreme court to indict the government or employers and perhaps establish criminal penalties. penal-ties. If It does not do this, then what does It doT Well, its sponsors spon-sors rather frankly indicate they look on It as a political propaganda propa-ganda step, establishing a policy-peg upon which they can bang future legislative demands. Particularly they want big spending appropriations made In the future, and they will then say: "The policy of every man a Job has been established so this appropriation must be made to give him a Job." Or they can build up a demand that the Aluminum Alu-minum company be broken up for that reason, or that all black hair be made white because It would create Jobs In the hair dyeing industry. This makes it seem unimportant because congress retains the right to appropriate or not appropriate regardless of this undefined declara ask for government funds. A decline in work-week is another provision. Plans to cut the government govern-ment work-week again from 40 (it was 48) to 30 have already been proposed pro-posed in bills. This keeps salaries where they were and prevents normal nor-mal utilization of the talents, abilities abili-ties and aptitudes of the nation's manpower. It does not increase purchasing pur-chasing power or create more employment em-ployment opportunities; it merely shares-the-work. less work for the nation as a whole, therefore less pro-1 pro-1 ductivity and less tax revenues to sustain a high economy, needed for full employment. mmum SEWING CIRCLE NEEDLECRAFT mttmttwmmmttmmttmmtsmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmswmmB Comfortable Quilted House Boots a m vltjmw 7256 BE A GLAMOUR girl in quilted house boots that really are cinch to make in contrasting ma terials. Warm as toast, tool All Wet Chief What are you doing with your socks on wrong side out? Boot My feet got so hot march-big march-big I decided to turn the hose on them. Daddy Did Without "Pa, dear,'' wheedled the fond mama, "Bobbie' 1 teacher wrote lit note tsy ins as must have an encyclopedia. Encyclopedia, heck I growled dad. "Let htm walk to tchool like I did. That's Stop! "How much have you sung? queried the bored producer of the youns lady being auditioned. "Down to where it says 're train.' " she replied. "Then," he remarked dryly, "I suggest you do what it says." Nothing Is what most people know more about than anything else ia tne worm. Learned Late He was dug out of the wreck and carried to the nearest doctor's of fice: Doctor Can I do anything for him? I'm a veterinary surgeon, Casualty That's all right, doc I'm a jackass to think I could do SO on those tires. No Dunce Teacher The sentence, "I had money," is in the past tense. 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