|Rights||No Copyright - United States (NoC-US)|
|Publisher||Digitized by: University of Utah|
S4 4 K" U. P. A COMPLETE WRECK. Sensational Charges Made at San Krancisco. Want the Main Line and Thirty-Two Branches Administered as a Trust Fund by the Federal Courts-Claimed Courts-Claimed that It is not Able to Earn Operating Expenses Trustees are Removed. San Francisco, Sept. 29. The Chronicle Chroni-cle says: "The most far-reaching lawsuit law-suit ever tried in California, and one which will attract world-wide attention from Its economic and commercial bearing, is on the calendar of the United Uni-ted States Circuit Court of Appeals lor the present session. It is the struggle of the heavy creditors of the Union iJa-ciflc iJa-ciflc Railway company and its thirty-two thirty-two branches to have the entire busi ness of the great trunk line thrown into in-to a common pool and administered on as a trust fund by the Federal courts. The complainants are in part stockholders stock-holders and creditors of the company. The allegations of the voluminous complaint com-plaint against the receivers of the combined com-bined companies is full of startling announcements an-nouncements and vital statements as to the failure of unrestrained privata control. The Inadequacy of the present management is emphasized and its inevitable in-evitable trend toward bankruptcy portrayed. por-trayed. .The fight is really between the Farmers' Farm-ers' Loan and Trust company and others against the Union Pacific Kail-way Kail-way company and many of its branches. Such distinguished men as ex-Judge John F. Dillon and attorney Frederic R. Coudert are Involved as co-defendants. co-defendants. The suit involves thirty-two branches of the Union Pacific system, as well as the main line and its city and depot property, and the plaintiffs appear as a committee for the minority stockholders stockhold-ers of the Oregon Railway & Navigation Naviga-tion company, as well as for the Farmers' Farm-ers' Loan and Trust company and the American Loan and Trust company. The rights of plaintiffs originally accrued ac-crued by reason of Frederick L. ernes' s ownership of about 25,00.3 shares of stock in he railroads in question, together to-gether with his ownership of a considerable consid-erable amount of collateral 6 per cent bonds of the Union Pacific company. The American Loan & Trust company holds $4,445,000 of these bonds, and several sev-eral millions of similar bonds are held by other plaintiffs. Though the capital stock of the Union Un-ion Pacific is alleged to be more than $60,000,000, plaintiffs aver that its Indebtedness In-debtedness is so great and its mismanagement misman-agement so apparent that its affairs ought to be administered by the Federal Fede-ral courts. It is alleged that the Government Gov-ernment debts alone are sufficient to cause the forfeiture of the franchise. The fact is reiterated with emphasis that the falling off of the road's revenue reve-nue is alarming, reaching as much as 11.400,000 in two months. The complaint recites that the Union Pacific Railway company is not able to earn operating expenses, either upon its main line or branches; that "the company will not at any time have sufficient suf-ficient funds or assets with which to pay its interest and sinking fund charges maturing from . month to month," and that, as a result, innumerable innu-merable creditors will have a right to begin a multitude of actions against the company, which, it is alleged, will result in the dismemberment of the Union Pacific system, so that "its properties pro-perties and assets will be dissipated, to the manifest and irreparable injury of the public, the Government of the United States, and the companies, creditors and shareholders." TBUSTEES EEMOVED. Central Washington Stockholders Given a New Deal. Spokane, Wash., Sept. 29 Before leaving for Seattle last night Judge Hanford of the United States District court delivered an oral opinion in the Central Washington case. He removed the Farmers' Loan and Trust company as trustee for the bondholders and substituted sub-stituted in its place the Knickerbocker Trust company, as asked for by a majority ma-jority of the stockholders. He also discontinued dis-continued L. Everett Miller of St. Paul as one of the two receivers and made Charles Chamberlain of Spokane sole receiver, his bonds to be raised from $25,000 to $50,000. Morton S. Patton of New York, chairman chair-man of the bondholders' committee of the Seattle, Lake Shore & Eastern railroad, rail-road, arrived here yesterday. "I am on a tour of inspection," said Mr. Pat-ton, Pat-ton, "after which I shall make my report re-port to the bondholders. This examination exami-nation is preliminary to a reorganization reorganiza-tion of the road." SMASHED TO A PULP. rive Mt,n and a Boy Killed by a Premature Explosion. Kansas City, Sept. 30. Six lives were sacrificed at a quarry eight miles from Independence this morning by the tiremature explosion of a blast. The victims are; Miles McTierman, -con tractor; Con l'rultt, farmer; Daniel Larkin, quarryman; Antonio Carlin, quarryman; Pat Welsh, quarryman Tom Ferguson. 9 years old. The men were crushed under a huge rock and instantly killed, 'the boy lived a few hours. Two Masts had been sot, one r.f pow der. and only of small proportions, the other of dynamite, and to be touched off by electricity. It was intended to touch off the smaller, and the men had stepped out of the way and right un- -.icr the other Mast. 'Ihe man wnose IhiiKine.ss it is to touch off the blasts ,V stoolc the s irnai ana sec on me !ge LMHM. J inline rAjiiromi. v. a-piI. iarrlne loose an Immense over which mashed the men pulp. It was several nours oeiore death-dealing rock could be re- .loved. and the remains of the victims recovered. Most of them were married and leave families. BANKER WILL BE LYNCHED. Oklahoma Mob in Pursuit of a Fugi tive Financier. Perry, O. T Sept. 29. A messenger from Pawnee, twenty-five miles east of here, says that casmer ana rrciun Berry of the Farmers' and Citizens' u nf that town is being pursued by a mob of angry depositors, and will be lynched if caught. It leaked out that the bank would not open the doors Saturday and a bill for a receiver was being prepared. The depositors im-maAinMv im-maAinMv ran an attachment on the V,ank building and assets to the amount ,. nn nan r l. Kerry, the cashier and president of the bank, was found and tried to explain the failure, but the people would not hear him, and had it not been for the officers he would have been mobbed on tne spot. jeriy kh i ho crowd became more furioun, and when the Sheriff opened the bank mi found onlv $20 or $:;o in cash, the mob got beyond the control of the officers and broke ror Kerry s nouse i,o,l been notified, however, find had ,n.i.. hla escape. A number of men the messenger says, mounted horses nl took after him. If Lerry is caught he will be lynched. A TREASURY SURPLUS. SEPTEMBER RECEIPTS EXCEEDED EXCEED-ED THE EXPENDITURES. But a Deficit of Five Millions is Looked for Next Month Deficit for the Year. Washington, D. C, Sept. 26. For the second time in the last two years the forthcoming monthly statement of the receipts and expenditures of the Government Gov-ernment tor fcepumber will show an excess ex-cess or receipts over expenditures. This surplus, wnich has now reached $112,-i-i-l, will probably be increased to about 2,uj,oou by the end of the month, by which time the receipts are expected to roach $26,250,000, and the disbursements disburse-ments $24,25u,ooo. The only other ex ception to the deficit rule during the year was in June last, when the receipts re-ceipts exceeded the expenditures by nearly $4,000,000. The October figures, however, are ex-p.'ctrd ex-p.'ctrd to snow a deficit of about $5,0O0, nj'j. ,;s during that month the pension and interest payments alone will ap proximate $17,000,000. The receipts on account of customs have shown a gratifying grat-ifying increase of late, as have those from internal revenue sources, although in a less degree. For the month of .March last the customs receipts amounted to nearly $15,000,000; internal revenue, $S,855,000. For April the customs cus-toms receipts were about $12,453,000, and tm internal revenue. $10,645,000. For -day customs, $12, 474, 55s; internal revenue, reve-nue, Ji'J.754.000. For June, customs, $12,130,443; internal inter-nal revenue, $ll.MO,2s5. For July, customs, $14,076,9S4; internal revenue. $12,m,4U5. During August the custom receipts increased to $15,63,047, and those from internal revenue amounted to $12,172,-104. $12,172,-104. and those figures are expected to be approximated during September. During the twelve months ended August Au-gust 21, 1S!)5, or during the time the new tariff bill has been operated, the receipts re-ceipts of the Government amounted to ?2j,o61,022, as follows: Customs, $161,-201,16!); $161,-201,16!); internal revenue, $116,175,101; miscellaneous, $17,CS4,751. The expenditures during the same period aggregated $359,026,332, leaving a deficit for the twelve months of $63,-K35.310. $63,-K35.310. Today the treasury lost $50,000 in gold for export to Canada, leaving the true amount of gold reserve at the close of bu.'in ?ss at f 91.013.153. Dr. Cheney's Denial. Ran Francisco, Sept. 25. Dr. Chenev who it was announced would testify that Durrant attended his lecture at the medical college on the afternoon of April 3rd, says he will make no such statement. He says that Durrant is marked present on his book, but that ho does not know positively that Dur- ant was there. French Defeat the Hovas. Paris, Sept. 25. Official dispatches from Madagascar have been received here, according to which the French advance guard crossed the Ambon! mena mountains and met and defeated the whole forces of the Hovas, with thirty cannons. The attack on the Hovas was a complete surprise. The French suffer no losses. The troops are most encouraged over their victory. and have arrived at Antobey, which is only forty miles from Antananarivo, the capital of Madagascar. ANCIENT MINES OF KOREA. Two Noted Experts Sent to Examine Gold Properties. San Francisco, Sept. 23. Quite an amount of interest has been created in local mining circles following upon the departure tor Korea of two noted mining mi-ning engineers, J. K. Eveleth of England Eng-land and A. W. Deshler of Detroit. Th two mining experts left for Japan on the last trip of the Coptic. Both of these gentlemen are on the same mis sion, though they represent different syndicate. It has been learned that they have been sent by two wealthy syndicates to inspect and investigate the properties situated upon the sites of some of the most ancient mines in the history of the world. They are in Korea and China. A great deal of discussion concerning thee mines has taken place in late years, and this has developed much. Interest In-terest in these far-away deposits of fabulous riches. This has extended to all circles of miners and Investors, and there has been a great deal of speculation specula-tion as to the possibilities for tbe devel opment of the mines. As a i 'suit, it appears that a practical invt.-: Ligation of them is to be made. Iloth Mr. Deshler and Mr. Eveleth were interrogated by local mining men before their departure, but both wert equally reticent in ivgard to their intentions, in-tentions, further than to admit that their trip to Korea was in regard to mines. Uoth fnid they were not fully Informed as to the nature of the work in store for them, and that they would not be until they had reached the other side of the Pacific. They have sailed under sealed orders, as It were. liut little definite knowledge has ever been secured concerning the mines of Korea, but thev arc reported to be very rich in gold. They are situated in the wild mountainous districts of the hermit her-mit kingdom, ;md have been worked in a primitive way only. 1 he rock taken out has, however, proved to be very rich. It Is generally believed that the King of Korea has offered inducements to prospectors to develop the mines on the payment to the King of a certain percentage per-centage of the profits of the enterprise. In fact, the supposition Is that the man behind the whole proposition Is Clarence Clar-ence Great house, formerly of this city, who has been for som time the adviser ad-viser of the King of Korea. The New Reduction Procecs. The new building recently completed com-pleted by the Marsae company, and on the interior of which W. II. Harris did so much fine mason work, was intended, and Is now being used, to reduce silver sulphides to bullion bul-lion by a new process recently invented by Messrs. Dewey & Walter, who have the contract to reduce the Marsac sulphides sul-phides to bullion. The process makes a saving of about $,"000 a year in the use of sulphuric aeH and does away almost entirely with the sulphuric acid gas which has been such a nuisance to our citizens. So far the plant has proven an entire success, though no bullion has as yet been produced by It. Mr. Watson, who is in charge of the new works, says it will, In his estimation, do all that its inventors claim for It, and besides abating the acid nuisance will prove equally ss thorough as the old method. Park Record. It was In a small theater In Chester, Jurtng the ranea. A number of turfites were present, for your racing-man is always al-ways a supporter of th drama. During the entr'acte a very sickly looking youth came on to piny n 'cello solo, lie started mournfully with "Auld Hohln dray." and was ambling along lugubriously when, during a slight "(, u pnmtivo m U e lime from the buck of the circle: "All right, old man. Don't go on owe it us!" -Arthur Itoberts's Adventure, The Member for North-Sou Hi I'.link-Bhlre I'.link-Bhlre den'l'eneti, you twit me with having hav-ing turned piv cost. Years :);,. I Hip. ported this ne asure. Then, I bail a p h-don. h-don. Hut now, gentlemen. I have lost my ren.xoti. And he wondered at the deafening Mule-' that pervaded li;e meeting. meet-ing. Fun. GOVERNOR AND THE FIGHT. Dallas Spirts Are Not Without With-out Hope. Anti-Prize Fight Bill "Will Go Through with the Emergency Clause Covbett's New York Exhibition Exhi-bition Attended by 6000 Sports The Champion i3 Too Fat and Shows Lack of Trnining. Austin, Tex., Sept. SO. Only twenty-1 five members of the Legislature arrived ar-rived up to tonight and judging from present indications it Is hardly probable prob-able that a quorum will arrive to answer an-swer roll-call tomorrow. A careful poll of both houses by interested parties de velops the fact that from public utterance utter-ance and well known sentiment of the members, the anti-prize right bill will go through the Senate with the emer gency clause with votes to spare. It was anticipated that the fight on this clause would be made more success fully in the Senate than in the House, but this was a mistake. The fight to kill the emergency clause will bo waged biterly in the House by the Dallas people. A committee of business men will arrive here tomorrow from Dallas, and will plead with the legislative legisla-tive committees to knock out the emer gency clause, on the ground that it will confiscate thousands of dollars worth of property in Dallas which have been expended on this fight. I p to the present writing, of the nineteen members of the House here, nine are opposed to the emergency clause and of this number four are out-and-out antagonists of any anti-prize fight at all. The fact that up to the present time one poll of the House breaks even gives the friends of the t'allas fight management cause to feel coo.i and their attorney, W. P. Kllison, stated tonight that he believed the emergency clause would be defeated in the House. CHAMPION IS TOO FAT. Corbett Showed Lack of Training at His ".J.ibition. 'ew York, Sept. 30. Prior to his departure for his training quarters in Texas, Champion Corbett today gave New Yorkers an exhibition in Madison Square garden of how he Is training in his coming fight with Dob Fitzsim mors, the Ai'otrc!'-"v TTe priced In this ciu- about noon today accompanied by his brother, his trainer and sparring partners, and immediately repaired to the big garden. There were nearly 1000 persons in the building and they gave Jim a rous ing reception when he appeared in the arena dressed in black tights and a r" scarf tied about his waist. Despite ad verse criticism, Corbett looked very well, albeit he showed a lack of train ing, but as he has a month in which to put himself in perfect trim for the big contest, there is little doubt that he will come to time and fight well. Corbett started ;with his usual day's training by working the chest and wrist machines, punching the bag, wrestling and boxing with O'Donnell. He followed this with a very lively game of handball and finished the af ternoon's exercise with a three-mile run, and although he had scarcely minute's rest during the entire two and a half hours he finished strong. At 8:30 o clock tonight the entertainment entertain-ment was resumed and between 6000 and 7000 sports were present. There were about 100 policemen in the garden gar-den in charge of Inspector Hrooks and Captain Pickett, who controls the once-famous once-famous "tenderloin" district. Consequently Conse-quently there was very little slugging by the various boxers of secondary reputation who amused the spectators until Corbett appeared. Steve O'Donnell of Australia and Jim Dwyer of Elizabeth, N. J., engaged In a set-to. It was so friendly that O'DonnoH's nose was bleeding Iffore the end of the first round from the effect of Dwyer's glove. At the end of the third and last round the men shook hands, but many of those who saw the bout declare that Maher would be more than a match for the big Australian If O'Donnell does not improve before they meet In Texas. At 11 o'clock Corbett Jnnini-l through the ropes for a go with Tom Forrest of Shfepshead Pay. In response to a demand for a speech Cot-bolt said: "Ladles rind Oor.tVnion: I am going to Texas tomorrow to get myself ready to meet Hob Fllzslm-monc. Fllzslm-monc. I have the utmost confidence in the Florida Athletic club, and from what T have seen in the papers you can easily s-e we are willing to fight and we don't want to come back from Texas without settling it. For my part I am willing that th" Florida Athletic club shall poll off the fight wherever they choose." The champion looked fat, but he can enslly reduce the haunches he Is carrying carry-ing within a month with steady training. train-ing. Ho sparred three rounds with Forrest For-rest and followed it up with a similar co with Steve O'Donnell and showed that he had not forgotten any of his clover ring tactics. This wound ua the show. APOLOGY DUE FROM SPAIN. Spanish Marines Landed on the Florida Coast. The Cruiser "Conde Vcndieto" Lands Marines on Various Islands Belonging Be-longing to Florida Cuban Autonomist Autono-mist Leader Says tho Insurrection is not Popular with Representative Cubans Cuba Needs Home Rule. Key West, Fla., Sept. 29. Great excitement ex-citement and Indignation prevail here that marines from the Spanish cruiser "Conde Vendleto" have been landed on the Florida Keys, north or here, to search for filibusters. The "Conde Vendleto" has been cruising In thefse waters for some time, looking for fill-busters, fill-busters, It Is the general opinion that filibusters have arrived and that supplies sup-plies have been secreted on the Keys, north of thi city, and the Spanish cruiser ha evidently been trying to find them. Fishermen who came In from the Key yesterday report thnt Spanish marines have been making ft diligent search, and that the "Vendleto" 1ms landed searching parties tin almost every Key where It would bo possible for filibusters to rendezvous. This Is considered an outrng". The Kevs behind to Florida, and If Ppnln ha a right to land searching parties on the Keys, It also has a right to land marles on the mainland. . The insult in-sult is considered to be as outrageous as if the "Conde Vendleto" had landed a searching party to search the homes of citizens of Key West. The State Department at Washington will be asked to investigate and demand an apology from Spain for the indignity. Henry's Appointment. Washington. Sept. 29. Secretary La-mont La-mont said today, in reference to the detail of Lieut-Col. Guy Henry as commandant at Jefferson Uarracks, Mo., which was the subject of criticism, inasmuch as Lieut. -Col. Whitesides, stationed at Jefferson Uarracks, ranks him, that the appointment of Col. Henry was made on the recommendation recommenda-tion of Oen. Sohofield. MIND ACTION IS GENUINE Oysters Taught in a School Snails Have Affection and Bees and Ants Do One Another Favors Spiders Love Beauty and Delight in Music A Cat Feigns Death to Cntch a Bird A Goose tl.at Cntiis a Door. O the lower anl mals think? It Is not hard to pre. s e n t e v 1 d e n ce that creatures ex ceedingly low in the scale of animal life aie not on ail occasions governed by mstmct alone. For instance, .cer-tain minute, mUro-scopio mUro-scopio ai.i'iialcules, technically known is ut-thu'ui. whose italuriM nuhiuit , sawdust, i' ,.i routine themselves to ter when .-laced in a watch-glass, if the v. atch-glass be placed on -i dust, these little U'.iimals will make their way -ver its edge and take up their abode .'. the sawdust their natural. na-tural. This S..OWS conscious determination. deter-mination. Aj.ain, o common fresh-water worm, which is about one-fouith of an Inch long and about as thick as a hair, will feit;n death when upproached by the giant water-beetle, and will hang sus pended in li e water like a bit of thread or a shred of wood-rlber. The tumble- bug, which may be seen any summer day, busily engaged in propelling its ball of manure along the dusty roads and sidewalks, if touched with a Ilneer will at once fall over on its back to all appearances dead. The legs will be folded close to the sides of ia bony, the antennae will be drawn In out of sight and the head will be bent for- wurd toward the abdomen, step in side and in a few seconds an antenna will appear at the sloe of the head and move to and fro; then the other antenna will make Its appearance and the legs will becin to move. If the foot now be stamped on the ground the beetle will at once resume Its death-like seeming; if not disturbed, however, it will scramble to Its feet and at once resume us ball-roiling. Many animals exceedingly low in the scale of life show that they possess some of those emotions which man vainly arrogates to himself. Speaking of snails, Mr. Darwin says: "These animals appear also susceptible suscepti-ble of some degree of permanent attachment: at-tachment: an accurate observer, Mr. Lonsdale, informs me that he placed a pair of land-snails (Helix pomatla), one of which was weakly, in a small and Ill-provided garden. After a short time the strong and healthy individual disappeared, dis-appeared, and was traced by Its track of slime over a wall into an adjoining weli-siocked garden. Mr. Lonsdale concluded con-cluded that It had deserted Its sickly mate, but after an absence of twenty-four twenty-four hours it returned, and apparently communicated the result of its successful success-ful exploration, for both then started along the same track, and disappeared over the wall." The affection of ants for their young Is well known, but their concern for one another has not bee dwelt upon. I have repeatedly taken ants and painted them with a mixture of shellac and oxide of zinc. When turned looss in the formicary or artificial ant's nest, they would approach a group of ants and beg assistance. The other ants would at once begin to remove the paint with their tongues and mandibles, mandi-bles, nor would they cease until their besmeared fellow citizen was entirely cleansed of her unsavory coating. X have seen, on more than one occasion, these kind friends made deathly sick by the zinc, yet, after a few moments of rest, they would again resume the cleansing process. I have repeatedly seen ants take up wounded companions, compan-ions, and carry them, seemingly, with the tenderest solicitude, Into the nest. l!ees likewise show by their actions that they share with man certain emotions. emo-tions. On one occasion I used the paintbrush fretly on a queen which had .lust returned to the hive after hi r hrWui.ipin. An soon as the bees dis covered her condition they surrounded her and bore her away Into tne nivc. On lifting the curtain which covered iua p-im-a front of their home, I could s e those devoted little creatures bUBlly cringed 'n removing the paini irom the limbs and body of their beloved sovereign. They even turned ner on ner bock in order to get at tne unaer sur face of her bo-iy. After tney naa cleansed her to their satisfaction, they set up a loud puzzing, a paean oi thanksgiving, as It were, and escorted the purified monarch to her royal cell, on another occasion, the hot weather had caused the wax supports of one of the combs partially to give way. The bees at once Set to worn ana uuui ix ,.roit nr brnee of wax between the en dangered comb and the one next to it. They then built up and strengthened the soft supports; when this had been done they removed tho wax brace and U!od the wax eisewnerr, "As senseless as an oyster Is an everyday ev-eryday saying, yet the oyster has an nmour.t of intelligence little to be expected ex-pected In a creature of such low organization. or-ganization. Dicquemase assures us that oysters taken from a depth never uncovered un-covered by the sea, open their shells, lose the water within, and perish; but oysters taken from tho same place and depth, if kept In reservoirs, where they are occasionally left uncovered for a short time and are otherwise incommoded, in-commoded, learn to keep their shells shut, and then live for a much longer time when taken out of the water. First Darwin and then Romanes noted the alwve as a wonderful evidence of Intelligence In a mollusk. The fact is turned to advantage In the so-called "oyster schools" of France. The distance dis-tance from the coast to Paris being too great for the newly-dredged oysters to travel without ' opening their shells, they are first taught In the schools to bear a longer and longer exposure to the air without gaping, and, when their education In this respect is completed, they are sent on their Journey to the metropolis, where they arrive with closed shells and in a healthy condition. condi-tion. Some of the mollusks . possess the sense of direction In a marked degree, lx-lng able to find their way home from what must be, to them, great distances. For Instance, the limpet, after an excursion ex-cursion In search of food, will Invariably Invari-ably return to its home on some rock or stone. Insects likewise possess .this faculty, and I havfl even seen the blind beetles of Mammoth Cave return to their domiciles beneath some log of wood or block of stone after a Journey of fifty feet or more. This Indicates beyond a shadow of a doubt that these creatures possess memory and conscious con-scious determination, colncldently, a certain (b-grep of Intelligence. According to Schneider, even the ce-phalopoils ce-phalopoils show memory, for he cites an instance of an octopus which unque. tlonably knew Its keeper. Another observer ob-server says: "An octopus, which had a strtlgele Willi a lobster, followed the latter Into an adjacent tank, to which It hnd been removed for safety, and there destroyed it. In order to do this the octopus had to climb up a vertical partition above the surface of the water and descend on the other side." Spldsrs not only show a high degree of intelligence in the construction of their webs, often adapting them to utterly ut-terly unforeseen conditions, but they also evince a degree of estheticlsm little to be expected in an insect. Not long ago I discovered in an outhouse a peculiarly constructed web, the use of which puvizled me until I stretched across an angle formed by the Juncture of two walls. Through its center, reaching from top to bottom, was a closely spun band about an inch in width, looking like a piece of beautiful white silk ribbon. As soon as the sun shone on this ribbon the spider would make her appearance and gravely and sedately promenade up and down. She would never take food while thus engaged, en-gaged, nor, in fact, while on this web. She had evidently constructed it for a place of amusement and used It for no other purpose. Her hunting or trap-web trap-web was some two feet away and connected con-nected with her pleasure resort by a bridge. My attention was colled by a clerk In a drug-store to a web which had been superbly decorated with flakes and scales of logwood. I thought, at first, that this beautiful passementerie passemen-terie effect had been produced accidentally, accident-ally, but, after watching for a few moments,: mo-ments,: I raw the spider descend Into the box of logwood, attlx a thread of s-iik to a Hake of the dye, hoist it to the web above, and securely fasten it to ooe of the transverse strands. The "ring scales moved at tho slightest or when they were struck by a iicnt of air and were dazzling to the t-ye. This little decorative artist had Indeed constructed a truly palatial residence. ome Bidders, unuuestionably, are af fected by mut-ic in a marked degree. A large black spider dwelt for some lime in my piano, and I soon discovered that this Insect possessed musical dis crimination. When I played Schubert's serenade, or, in fact, any soft, melodious melo-dious motif, rlie would crawl out on the music-rack and stand perfectly still, but when I played a waltz, galop or gavotte, she would act as crazed, run-ring run-ring in and out of the piano in a hur ried and violent manner, finally re- ueatlng to her home in the body of the Instrument. On one occasion 1 noticed a spider which had swung down from the celling of a churcn and nung sus-nended sus-nended lust above the organist's hands, The organist informed me that he had repeatedly noticed that spiders were affected af-fected by music. Several days afterward, after-ward, while seated at the organ, I observed ob-served the fame spider. Several times I drove her away and enticed her hack, by playing, alternately, soft andante nnd loud bravura selections, r-ror. . lteclain, during a concert at Leipslc, uu b Riilder descend from one of the chandeliers while a violin solo was be- Inir nlaved: but as soon a tne orcnes tra began to sound it quickly ran back a irn In The make, the least sensible of all reptiles, sometimes shows intelligence, Once while risntng in ijuacnua. river, Arkansas. I saw a water moccasin at tempt, again and again, to catch a minnow. The current was ho twin, however, that he missed hia aim and was swept away at each attempt. The snakje finally sheltered itself behind a rock which broke the force or tne cur rent.! From the coign of vantage It darted forth and successfully seized its preyi It then returned to the rock whcA it leisurely swallowed the mln nowi I watched it for several hours and (never once saw It essay again to catch a fish unless it made its attack froni behind the rock; It had been taught by experience. "As sillv as a goose" has become nrovih. yet the roost 1b not Billy, but Is, onlthe contrary,' a remarkably sen sible Urd. I saw a goose chase a young frog fp a shelter beneath a piece of matting. She tried to seize it by thrusting her bill beneath the matting, but vas unable to do so. She then walkei over It, evidently trying to frlghtm the frog Into seeking another hiding place, but the frog failed to make its appeaTance. She then seized the m tting with her bill, dragged It feet away and pounced upon severs) the frte bii'or'e he had recovered from A rdiavi rhiuthority vouches for the fol)nwivncv ' Ardglass, County Down, Irelanj, Is a .ong tract of surf coming to thtdge of the rocks overhanging th bcL where cattle and geese feed; nt a hiji uii nun iiftei mere was a closure, with a door fastening ook and staple to the Kidepost; low ll by a 1 when he hnok was out of the staple the di Kr fell onen bv lt own v.-i-luht lie or day saw a goose, with n In tee troop M goslings, coming off the turf to thirdoor, which was secured by the hook elng In the staple. Tho gooHe waltoil for a minute or two, as if for the diJr to be opened, and then turned arounn'as If to go away, but what she did wk to make a rush et the door, and njiklng a dart with her beak lit the pout of the hoolt, nearly threw it out of the staple; 4he repeated this maneu'er. and succeeded at the third attemri. The door fell open, nnd the goose I'd her troop in vlth a aouri 1 of trlumplant chuckling. IIow had the goose Imrned thnt the force of the rush was recdrtu to give the hook a pulll- cler.t 87 OY MUST BE DEGRADED Affai, Are Kapidly Approaching Approach-ing a Crisis. his is Done Within Two the British Admiral Will ritish Consul Insulted and Commission Disgusted Unless Week! Act WhoW Forty Suspects Liberated by Local Autho1 itles Consuls Hay Beturn. i' Pckln, turn in Kept. 28. The British ultima- he mater of the Che Chueti riots ha Just been issued. Within fourtcen'days an edict must be issued dcgradlrc tho Viceroy of the province, otherwlf,, the liritlsh Admiral commanding, com-manding, will act. The American commission, consisting of the ((insul at Tlen-Tsln and the naval oficers, accompanied by Chinese soldiers tnd Interpreters, are starting overlant", The V eroy pays the French Indemnity Indem-nity of rtu.000 taels. New Mrk, Kept. 28. A dispatch to the Wor from Foo Chow, China, says: The wh( Ku Cheng commission of In quiry In i the H wa Bang massacre Is disgust ty. All i they arc now, th Chow. The I! has beei olllcluls Christ in consuls The pre VengelU com in Is." The J. ago an mand o with Chinese olflclal duplicl-the duplicl-the members feel that unless nore strongly supported than ' had better return to Foo tish Consul, It. W. Mansfield, .Tossly insulted. The Chinese re openly furious towards i for giving to the foreign he names of the murderers. ct, it is reported, threatens t upon the departure of the a. . tlstr.He Issued three weeks enslve proclamation. On de-:he de-:he consuls, a proclamation 1 publicly, but the offensive was Iss one wan tissued pilvately to all heads of village). The result is that disorder is spreading. The commission's posi tion is perilous. The total destruction of the Christians' work Is probable. Hongkong, Sept. 2S. The obstruction of the inquiry by the foreign consuls into the Ku Cheng massacre of August s still kept up by the Chinese officials. orty men suspected of complicity in he riots have been liberated by the ocal authorities without the consent of the consuls. Mr. Mansfield, British onsul at Ku Cheng, has been insulted by the Chinese boI liers. The consuls are considering the advisability of re- urnlng to roo Chow and referring the matter to their respective governments. Washington. D. C. Sept. 28. Minister Denby cabled the State department to- ay from renin as follows: "Yamen have telegraphed authorities of Shansl and Shensl to appoint an officer to es- ort the commission. An edict will be ued in a few days, punishing the ll'.cials and degrading the Viceroy. ','iil telegraph it." This message refers to the independ- nt American commission formed to in vestigate the Cheng Tu missionary riots. The edict to which reference is nado us supposed to be about to issue s the result of the French Investlga- ton or the Cheng Tu affa r. and the Viceroy concerned is probably Liu. It is expected our commission, headed by niteil states Consul Held, will be on he road from Tien-Tsin to Cheng Tu n a few days. Pneumatic Ring for Dallas. Chicago, Sept. 30. Dan Stuart has sent to Chicago for a "pneumatic ring," o oe usen at tne corbett-Fitzsimmons contest. The ring Is stakeless, and the upper rope is upon the same principle as the tire on a bicycle. On the floor s a big rubber mat, which can be In flated lust sufficient to make It a trifle pringy to the feet of the boxers, and et not retard their inovuneiob. a l.itl on the pneumatic mat or against the meumatlc rope, as hard as it might be. could not result in Injury. George Augnstuo Sala. Georne Augustus t-ala. the celebrated KngliHh Journalist, oovi-Lit, uitint and linguist, is at present dangerously ill. Mr. Sala was born in London in lx.'s, and was I rought up with a view to following art aj a profession. At HI he bevame as sistant scene-painter to lieveily at tw. Princess theater. About this time his eyes begun to trouble him, and he litiully gave up art for literature. Since ISfd his pen has been one of the brightest and busiest In literary journalism. He has written many well-known books. In the capacity of a newspaper correspondent, Wr. Sala hai traveh d all over the world. He is Hie eon of an Italian gentleman, end narrleu a lavortte London unifier of West Indian extraction. Miss Const; elo Vanderbilt. The most interesting young lady of her age In the United htates et present . is Miss Consuelo Vanderbilt, who it Is announced an-nounced Is to wed the young Duke of Marlborough. Miss Vanderbilt Is very yo ing. but a little mere than IS years of age. This iir.lon of the houses of Van-dirbllt Van-dirbllt and Churchill will connect a great nuine una u gnat fortune. Tne bride, C, fi. ' A V.' A i with a dowry of nc.' -'y f0,(fX .000 and ns much more to Inherit, will. re torn tho splendors of Uienheii the pulaie which was the gilt of grateitil t.nieen An tie to the f.allaiit roysterer and military genius, Jack Churchill. The palace, with Us ij rooms, 27ut ticren of land and over 'M servants, never dad a master rich enough to tnalntuln it, till the Kte Imke married an Ainerl'un helrcn. 'Ihe ni'i-h-'alked-of ( ildlng will probably tuke j l.v e In November, and will be the grv.-.l event of the social fcascn. Henry Watterson. The address of welcome to the C A. U. fit Louisville given by Henry Wat terson. brings once more before the people peo-ple dun of the brnlniest men In the Kouth. Henry AVatterson entered the profe-iion of journalism In Washing ton Iri isr.', and afterward edited the Itepubllcan Banner In Nashville. Ha served the Confederate side during the civil war. and at Its close was editor of the Courier-Journal. He was a member mem-ber of Congress from August 12, 1.S7S till March 3, 1S77, and sat for Kentucky as delegate-at-large at four National conventions, At the Chicago convention conven-tion of 1VJ2. Mr. AVatterson framed the Platform upon which the Democratic party is now operating. Watterson Is a famous orator. hH lectures being elevating, ele-vating, learned and rrofound. VcJ ' H' "V v Mm !