|Paper||Salt Lake Herald-Republican|
|Rights||No Copyright - United States (NoC-US)|
|Publisher||Digitized by J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah|
|Article Title||Some Reminiscences|
|Paper||Salt Lake Herald-Republican|
SOME REMINHrEN'JHS. Salt Lake Citv, Dtc. -S, 1878 Editors Herald: I Somo people havo supposed t'nat, ' id thff course of these papers li.u rating tbo jouruey o( the fifth company com-pany of handcart cmiKranli across the plains iulSjG, I eheull "tell i! all." They need hivo bLcn uniier no apprehension 03 that point. I could not tell it all. I do net tcov,' it all. No human being could Itl. it all. Xo human b;ing knows it all. One pair 0! huruau eyes could see and one pair of human ears could bcar only a Bmail portion of all that transpired trans-pired in tho course of that eveLtful expedition Scores ol incidents occurred oc-curred outside the ken and the cog oizance oi any oao observer in or with the cj;npiuy. Only the Ail aeeing Eye saw and only tho All-caring All-caring Ear heard all the occurrences occur-rences iu tbat long and wearisome journey. But, according toiotiiua-, tion last week, I will tell a litlie more by and-by. This week, however, let me say a word about the other handcart hand-cart companies that season. crossed the plains that year, all com-poBed com-poBed of "Mormon" emigranta, chietly from Europe. The three firat were led by Captains Edmund Ellsworth, Ells-worth, D. D. MoArthur aud Edward Bunker, respectively. Slatting early in the Beasou, theeo compames had no winter wenther to contend with, and they arrived in thia city wih ccmparsiivcly little suflering on the route, ad in ccrrtspocdingly good spirits. Ciptuiu Elltworlh'd company com-pany left Iowa city June 9;h aud Florence July 10th, arriving in thia city September 26th. Captain Mc-Arthur's Mc-Arthur's company left Iowa city June 11th and Florence July 2i:h, arriving arriv-ing in thia city with Captain Ellsworth's Ells-worth's company. Tnese iwo coin paniea at ttirtine are reo:U-d m h:ve numbered iu the nrvgaie -107 tOU, 100 tiiiiid..: t, o wii-ons, 24 oxfti, 4 mulea and 25 tent-. Drinker's Drin-ker's .company numbered uL-c;ut 300 soil's. It lull I-.wa city June 23J and Flurenco July 30. h, and arrivt-d in tbis city Oclober 2d. An abuud.iiii entrance aud a rnvAt Icomo to thiti city v.e;e enjoyed by ElUwjrtu'd at-.d JL:Aril'.ur'a toni-p.iuit's, toni-p.iuit's, tlu-y b. it; tho fir-1 o.ni-r.u.td uf any crc-.d or ! n '.;i:y woo tr.)tst-d it.o f' -tii s witii h idcartd. Ou the 2lJih uf tf. ijiL-mher Cijveruor B. Vomit:, H. C. Kimball, D. II. V.'elld, find many otLier cii'n-ns in C4rriajiea. f viral Rentlfnicn ,md I 'dies on hr-rjeltacii, with purl oi Cajjiaiu II. D. Uiawrion'e company of lancer?, :ii d too braes biudd undi'r Wm. l'itt, went toneartne fjotot tne Little SL -until in, aui halted there. Governor Yo:i!! and H. C. Kimbil. drove on to im.et E!l-wo:tli's ccm-pauy, ccm-pauy, ar.d when they came up with it li:e emiiirants wtro regnl-.d with meloud. tluriug which Me Art bur's co;npany cauie up. Thuuc to ti;e public tquare in this city tne lUiowing order ot procei-icin w:i8 obaervnl : Lncrd, l.niit'd on hrr-eback, Governor Gov-ernor i'ouna'd, H- O Kimb ill's and U. H tlU' frtrrir.B, the f:-ide, E:l'.rort!i's and MeAr. L-ur'g coin gained, (iiizena iu cu.Tijgi rj ajd on 1 horseback before reaching tlieciiy, the pn-CfstiOQ was larLly increased by men, wuiucn and children on ibct and on l.orafbat-k. The procession renehtd thti public ttjiu-.re about auu-f-t-t, and the fiuigrauti werj a:ldrea--cd by Governor lou;ig. The fourtii compai.y was Ifd by Jutuea G. Wdiie, aeoisttd hy Mi.ien Atwood. Tiiis company eUrted ratner j late in the s-easou, aud euflered a good deal iu couaequeuco, though much lees than the tilth and ia-l company did, for the fourth company arrived in this city before the tilth had bidden its final adieu to Devil's Gule. IVr-hftLs IVr-hftLs it wiil not be amiss here to givsi a brief sk?tch of the journey aud experiences ex-periences of the fourth company. Most of tbo emiranla composing tii is company sailed from Liverpool on riunday, May 4th, on board the bhip Tliurnlon, Captain Cfllins, and numbered 761, Jama G. Wiiiie presiding pre-siding over them, asaiahrd by Mi;Ua Alwocd, Moses C. till anuJ. A. Ahman-tou. Ahman-tou. During the voyage Cpt. Collins proved himself to be considerate and kicd, allowing the emigrants every reasonable liberty and privilege, and complimenting them highly upon their cleanliness and good ordc r, and their readiness to comply with his requests. He eaid he uever nished j for a better lot of passengers. Tha company arrived at New York on the 14th of June, and at Castlo CTBden were heartily welcomed by John Tayiir and N. H. Fell. On the 17th the emigrants left New York, arriving at Duukiik on tbe 19th, when tbey embarked on tbo Jersey Vity ioi Tutsdo, where they arrived on ihe 21st, and tne nxt d y ihpy were at C:iie.:go. At Tul.'o the etni-grantj etni-grantj were unkiiuiy ticntcd by the ni'lrond 1 1 1 1 p 1 1 1 j ijj aud put to much mcnnvenienC'j. Oti the 23J tho ...umni' lclt Hhir-nr-n in t'.-.-n rl.-liU-h- merits, several hours apart. At Pond Creek it was haruid that tbe bridge at Rt.ck Iblaud Imd fallen whilo a pf. vif'us train was p.issing over it. Kr.istus Snow and tome other Utuh people were on lhat itntorfunate Irani at the time, but (-i:i..-d un-inj-.ipd. Tbe emigr;m!3 left Poe.d Creuk on the 26th, and arrived at Jowa cily the bamo day, whore they were welcomed by D.iuio! Spencer und others. Tue fourth handcart company left the camp near Iowa city on tne 15th of July, with James G. Willie captain, j 'and consisted of about 500 souls, 5 mules, 12 yoke ot cattle, 120 handcarts, 25 tents and 5 wagons, E ich p isaonger was allowed Beveu:0i:u pjuudool baggage, includ' iDg beifding. During their stay in camp ihe men had employed themselves them-selves in making handcarts aud ox yokes, and tha women in making tents. At Fori DisMomoa Mr. Cons. Gi:od kindly preseutcd the company with fifteen p.nrs of children's boots. At ditlerent placRs on the route through Iowa considerable opposition was manifested by the resideuis toward to-ward the company, aud threats of personal violence were made. The company was aJsoanuoyed by a posse with search warrants based on frivolous frivol-ous pretences. On tbe woy from Iowa city to Florence several parsons left the company. Tne handcarts were not very good ones, aud some n' the axles werealmost worn turough before arriving at Florence, which wj'S on Aujz. 11th. Having repaired the haudcarts and completed t;ther preparations, the company, now about 425 souls, loll Florence on the 16th with four "independent" "inde-pendent" wagons added to it, and r ; Hizvciiscd on the raj.il. on, l.:.!V;r.g Place .'or the west on tins 13 h "In- ttie 2-Sth William Unity, an eldirly man, Wi-.s Uiued Irotn the company, ;-.:.d waj not fuuud uniil thf-iifxt morning, lie had been out ,li;'t. ludrr.;chii rlin but he e...m rtovtn t. On the 9u. the e:.mii.u,y can:'' n;. with a iarye ' iitr,p n( O.iithu lL.-iin?, who we r-v;-iy fru-i.dlj. TL.-.i Mjmc Luf-. f-i!'J m-.at tll c-.iui ;;,-.ittd lb. o.i:c-u cf the r .mpa-ty iu vi.dt lh.ii-CJ:n;-, i.cspunbly uutertained ibeuu O.) vt niitig to 0.-j pl.iee whir.- im'imk w.i;,uii train men ,vi-re killed by Indians, tl;o comjunv covered i:p tin: graven. On i:.;e morniug ofci.pt. 4th, thirty, ;h.:u itiie li i I f , ol ihe oxen were m:c:i .r, liny l:av:.:;-iDTpc-ded, and tho company staid to days to lob 'oi tiu in, hot in vain. During t'oif -tr.y, A. W. Bibhitt, A. O. Sluoq-iu-.d 0. P. Koekwell visited and com-lor'ed com-lor'ed the company. On the 6th the company y..l:j up some wild Arkansas Arkan-sas cows to help out the broken teams, and proceeded, Joseph KUer and Ao drew Smith going iu search of the miBiing callle. Ou the S:h Ileury Banicbler, a diehar-td eoUier from Fort Laramie, met the company and siid that the Cheyenne Indians had killed Thomas Marge tta and JamtB , Cjwdy and wife and ehild, about seventy seven-ty miles wtat, while he, Danichter, was gone away from them to fetch in ha.llu uuai WlllUU Ut) UUU Margetts had killed a mile or two away. Il Waa supposed that Mrs. Margetts was carried away captive by the Iudisus. On the 12th, F. D. Richards &Dd party in three carriages, with the two men, ELk-r and Smith, overtook the company on North Bluff creek. That night and the next morning tho Richards party addressed the emigrants eucour-iLpngly and W. C. Dim bar sang several aorga to comfort com-fort and cheer them. The eamo morning the company crested the Piatte, tho Richards party leading. Oa the 15 tb several x.rapaboe Indians were met, who watched the emigrants that night, having told them that the Sioux and Cbeyenncs had attacked a large emigrant train and killed many of the emifjranLJ. Tho firt-l frost, a Ef-vere-e.L;,-, w;ii tSp ri nevd on the night oi too 7lh i f;, vmber. Tbat (ii'-y E Ipii C.u;te-:1 vm b.lteu by a' teu-rttle raitleiu.ike, wni, h was suib-ssquemly suib-ssquemly killed, but the girl waa not fatally aflected. On the ISih a W( man nauitd 5l;v;irt was misled. Several n;cu hlijl ee:rcu lor ner, rot. Eoe gi-t into eaiup r.erorethty did, ti-.taiLh inu"li rxn i-;.-:,;.!, -j;or stnyiog ou. all night i'.nd having lv oa vigors us !y .iTen.'.iitd by wolves. Juualii m Grimshaw's company, numbering about 100, was mut ou ihs 2ith. On various occasions conidL-rau'e lime was expended in the repair of bautl-crts. bautl-crts. Toe company atriveJ at Fort Laramie Lar-amie on the ot):h, where the lour "mdppeuder.t" wagons were detached, de-tached, remaining teere until a w.'.'ou company came up. A em-.ll r itinn fnr the company was obtained at the tort. Two women also bUid at the fort, o::c of whom quickly ol married. At tiiia fort and aUo at Platto bridge. F. D. Kichards had bought some butl-ilo robes f"r Williu's and Martin's companies. The company com-pany left the furl on tho 1st of October, Octo-ber, and irtei P. P. Pratt's company of ruissionaricj t lie same day. From Iowa city lo Florence the daily tluurratiou ot this company was ten cuuees, with i.ttle groceries. On leaving Fioreaco the company was proviiijned lor neatly sixty days at one p.;u;id of Ll ;or per head per day. Adults received this raiiou, aud children chil-dren received eight cuuees. Abjut tiyht miles went of ijiramie the ra-, tions wne rcd'ietd to Imirteen ounces for a man, twelve ounces for a woman, wo-man, eigtit lor a ciiild, aud four for an luLiut. Ua the l2ih the rations were itduc.d to ten and a half ounctu for men, niue for women, six for children, chil-dren, and three f'jr infanta. That day Alfred Peacock and George Ed-wick Ed-wick led ihe con: p . ny e?-t Platte bri.lgf. lly lh;s Unit: ra.iy ol ihe men were grown g weak. The l ist ration lhat Ihe eompauy had was served nut on the l'J.h, at Iho filth crossing ol tho Sweet water. On tho 20th C H. W bee lock, Joseph A. Yourjg, aud tworfiher men were met, with k tie welcome inleliigeuce thet George D. Grant vvitu relief wagons was at hand. Snow ranimcnwrl tn 'all this day. Oa Ihe 2Ut, as tho little ones were crying fcr bread, 'ourlceu wagous, ith lbur, onions, and clolhirg. bedding, ehoce, etc., were met. Here the snow was ir to ten inches deep, ,0a the 22d Wiiiiam H. Kimball with six of ihe reiiel wagons turued back and came ou wilh l::e comp iny toward luis city, the other relief wngon: going along lo tho n.ssistunce of the later companies, ttn the 21th Keddick N. Allre-d aud othors with eis wjhus wore mr-l. i'ui) next day, fifteen miles woat of the company's I i t crossing of the Sweet-waler," Sweet-waler," utuer teams with provisions were .net. On the 21st seven wagons from Fort Supply, a aettk-niem on Green river, atid three from liiis city were met. On Nuveu.ber 1st, further help was uicl. Ou tho 2d ihe company com-pany parsed Fort Drieger, widen was then a ".Mormon" lort or u-;ilement, auu tue eamo uay j'pn. riaiiKS pas;CQ the company. The next day mnro supplies wero nret tor the later cJm-ptnies cJm-ptnies of emigrants, and William H. Kimbjt! and Mr. Thomas came on Lvhead td the company inward thisi city. On the 4:n Seth M, lilair und otiierswith wagons were met. 0;j iho 8th William H. Kimball was met with a load oi pruvioious. On the yih ihe company arrived iu this city aud the emigrants were euon taken into comfortable quarters. Some oi tho company had their hands and feet bad.y frozeu, but cvcrythiun mat could be dono was dune lo .deviate i uoti bufft;rings. A Iter leaving Fort Bndy.-r Uio company was atsialed by ' about fifty vaons. j During much of the jouruey tbe diarrhoja prevailed iu tho camp. Consequently mauy were sick aud had, to ride before relief Wits met. MaDy had to be refused tbe privilege of riding. A heavy snwslorm, with a fierce nortli wind, was encouutored in crossing the Roaky ridge and the South pass, though- the company traveled sixteen miies that day, etill drawing the handcarts. This was the most disastrous tiy of the journey, 15 persons dying from faiiguo, want, and exposure to tho cold aud storms. Some would pull their hand carts all day and die in Ihe night. The total number of deaths iu the company from Liverpool to tin's ci'y is given at 77, of whh'b OS occurred hetween Iowa city and this place. There were a:so 3 births aud 3 marriages. Among ti e vari us wagon companies com-panies tnater--t.(d l!.e plains wesl-wird wesl-wird lhat etjas n, iu addition to those of Capiains Hunt aud LLodgetts, wero tho following, principally 'T p'ully com;. . tl of "Mormon" t'mi-rauu: A, ( i. Stnool'e, wi'h 4'J wugimn; O. P. P. jenwe-11'n, 0; Croll'-from Croll'-from ArkaiisJi, 14; Iwo or three Si Loms v, .mpinicH. f.u- umJit J.du Bank; I'. Mprrdl'.-; Henry Boley's 13; B. L, CiipV, lrom Texas, I t; ;l Danh rnn:par-y, 3; Ciaik's. lvi-b"b. lvi-b"b. 0; J. W. Hawkins. 8: Frr-loi, Tiiu!;r..-, rr.m Texas. S Also the Ir'!i'V'?;" ;-vi,(' '.'-'Jdi-e: (iilben 'ler J. Circ.na. lur i-c saint, firm 20; l.r.ineston, Kinkead &Oo.'n, 36; W. S i.iidbe's, 7; Conyt-r's, 16; and St. phe o li. Koih'a. hUwl of the com-pames com-pames wiiti cmlgrantB needed more or lo--: ht-!p hpjnre tney were through the j.);nt.;y. me o( these figures are- ;-.i!,r cluse-ly approximate than cxacfiy corrert, mid the et ilistics o; . most if not all of the companies varied j at diihrcnt pirta cl" the journey. J. J.