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eorn and potatoes. Not only is It wise to take care of w bat trees a farmer may Live, but it will usually be profitable HATTERS OF INTEREST TO to set out new orchards. The man who makes a business of orcharding AGRICULTURISTS. and uses all modern appliances to aid him in his work practiced, follows the n Cullia-ftoIlloU Attoat Sam best idea In fprayicg, care of trees, nl Yield Thereof of th Soli fruits, etc., aad studies modmarketing Horticulture, tlUcaltura and ern papers and books on horticulture, will, we think, find he has an industry that year in and year out will yield aa FEW acres of my good returns as any branch of agriculclover waa killed ture. W. P- Perkins. badly last spring, CulM. writes 0. Manure iu (lie Soil. ver in Iowa State I had it In Register. plant growth 'here are mechanical resowed in .March, manipulations as well as chemlcaL The and some of it har- mechanical conditions pertain largely o the soil, its supply of plant food and rowed. The ground I was dry and loose moisture. A correspondent of liural and the living clo World says the active ngents in prover plants were ducing growth are nitrogen, oxygen, email. The harrowing injured the hydrogen (air and water), phosphoric growing clover, that which was har- acid, potash and sunshine. Few plants rowed made a good stand, that which grow well In the shade. A most valuwas not harrowed had most of the able agent is humus the of our country plants of the first sowing in it. The The great are ditto A humus; haystacks corn. a was of mainly worth crop crop neighbor had a field last spring which and cornstalks. These are the gross had been sowed to clover the previous products of annual plant growth. What spring, about half of which was a fail- remains of a rotted down straw pile cr ure. He resowed without harrcviug. its ashe3 is humus. This element must It made fair pasture and now there is exist in the soil or be supplied it plant on It a good stand. Last spring I had growth is to be produced. The mechana field of sixty-fiv- e acres in clover, ical action of humus in the soil is faabout half had been sown with oais vorable to large plant growth. It abthe previous spring and the rent had sorbs water and holds it like a sponge. been sown In the corn before the last For this reason a straw mulch is good plowing. That In the oats made a half on all sandy soils on nil soils where stand, that In the corn mostly a fair drouth Is usual. Sandy soils can use stand. The corn stalks were cut with profitably a vast total of straw, if it Is a double row stalk cutter, the hay was worked under before the rains are over raked with a side delivery rake whea In spiing, or if spread on the surface iuite green, the stalks were not much a3 a plant mulch. Even dry itraw, or in the way, the rake left the hay loose leaves lying upon the surface, serve? so that it cured better than that which to maintain the needed supply of moisthad been stirred with a hay tedder. ure, and does much toward stimulating What Btalks are gathered with the hay plant growth. The large growth of do not hurt for borne use, but to sell. plants or grass, reeds, canes or weeds They can be got rid of by drawing back on alluvial soil Is clue as much to the and forth on the rows a railroad iron abundant presence of humus as to waor piece of timber when they are dry ter. Low grounds get not only the hu and the ground frozen. Then rake mus they produce annually, but much crosswise with hay rake and burn of that washed from uplands. It is them. Many times and especially on old very important that lands be so plowed or thin hilly land, It would pay to raise as to prevent washing, as It is the most no crop the first year with clover or valuable particles which the water carclover and timothy, but prepare the ries away. For this reason many slopes land well and sow as soon as the land near streams should rarely, if ever, be Is dry and harrow it In. Clover and plowed. The frozen lands of the north much less subject to loss from the timothy sowed In corn before the last are action of winter rains than those fardocs here better than planting usually with any other crop. If it could have ther south. When the plant has formed the whole season to grow in It would the necessary elements to Its growth, seed he all right. In scorching suns and hot and has approached the season for matsaline it lime, requires production, winds the growing corn seems to be a ter and the grasses above named to protection. A ton of good clover hay and enable it to comis worth more now hero than a ton of perfect,thestiffen of reproduction. If work plete com. On most farms more corn can be In the soil, the plant are these lacking d raised bv keeping them of the bo a failure will bo barren, seedwill time In clover and some farni3 will profanner boy should underduce more corn by keeping them half less. Every these stand underlying principles of ot the time In clover than to keep them They exist In every growth. plant all the time In corn. In the past dry In as every animal's, and life, season clover did best disked in, in a plant's must be supplied to the plant where it wet season it Is best harrowed in. One stands, as it cannot make a journey piece disked in, on which came a heavy dally to ,th.e springs for water or to the rain, and the ground baked and the marsh for, humus. lover could not get up. Clover in grow ing corn does not kill in a dry hot Small Furmn. umnicr, but as It does in oats. When IJiave always been an advocate of a heavy crop of oats is cut off, It Is small comparatively cheaper to raise clover to get nitrogen them to be the Ideal farms, believing farms, says a writfrom the atmosphere than It is to buy in the New England Farmer, and I er fertilizer. have found that a great deal of produce tan be grown on a small farm The Orelinrd. when managed right. To illustrate: I Spread manure liberally over the have grown the past season on fourorchards and In small fruit plantations. teen square rods of land, twelve bushManure Is what Is w anted, and if It exels ot strawberries, selling to the ists In abundance in the neighborhood amount of twenty-nin- e dollars and seveof the roots of plants, it Is generally nty-five cents; besides using all we safe to expect good things. Trees need wanted in the family ot four persons; pruning. No doubt about that; but some were also given away. Froin five (here must bo reason in every cut. The rows of cabbages, fifteen rods long, we great secret of successful pruning lies had all we wanted' to use, stored some in doing the work early and removing for winter, sold to the amount of ten cents, besides surplus shoots and brunches whll yet dollars and forty-si- x xmall. There can surely be no whdom some waste and small head3 fed out. !n permitting the twig and small shoot Nine rows of onions, fifteen rods long, to develop into a mighty limb before produced twenty-thre- e bushels of fine bushels removal Is made, when the same never onions. Oats yielded fifty-si- x nhould have been allowed to grow at to the acre. In 1SD3 they did a little to the and Jill. Tho head of a tree needs to be better sixty-on- e did better also that year. Onions acre. sun to admit and air for lull fairly open n piece of ground 27xG4 feet, I From of fruit. Furthergrowth perfection e bushels. Now more, a moderately low head on a tree harvested forty-threof such facts, face in the will who say, la desirable inasmuch as It favors the made to economical gathering of the crop of that ft small farm cannot bo In good shape. a family support fruit. It is considered a good plan to I am certain that if proper!? occasionally put on trees n coat of managed a very few acres will support strong soft soap during a warm spell in a family well; and If I was a young winter. It aids in destruction of Inman again, 1 would purchase a piece jects and parasites that are harbored la of land somewhere, even if it were but (he back of the trunk and larger two acres, and build up a homo therebranches. Of course the soap will on; then if more land was needed, add eventually be washed olT by rains. The to it afterwards as opportunity offered. ggs of the tent caterpillar are now to I have a great deal of faith in well enbe found readily upon the naked riched and properly managed soil. I branches of the appletree. They appear like the term "intensive farming;" and i bands slued on near the ends of th- more wo apply it to our farmir.g small twigs. Cut off the twigs and operations, the better it will be for ui. urn them, thus making sure of the de Clover Hay. Clover hay I nui'h struction of the eggs. How many orchappreciated than U used to k. better ards appear, especially among our older horsemen in cities are sthl most While o improlit-abl.settlements, that are really farmers know, as thoy tho of it. and useless. The trees are starved, shy that In nutrltlom have done, run always but a poor, mean and far It surpasses value timothy or other crogg'.y Fowtn Manure liberally and contains more nitrogenIt grasses. orune seven-- , aml 0fltilues these the grasses. Th!i seemingly worn tre vvill 1)e induced ous nutrition than to cure without hard it makes what la tc take upon themselves a nvv lease 0i turning dr!:.cc!?n;d. but the late clolife. Tillage, manure, rare, are all imver crop, which Is always nearly black portant w ith an orchard. A man cannot expect to receive paying crops if when got .uto the barn, Is for sheep, the best hay ot all. liek.es not work and labor and strive cows and c'.via Ex. an plan for the same. Do not hesl-t- a to give tho orchard at least as A fresh rjLi kas a limelike fiurfacs inch attention as you would a crop of to Us shell. FARMS AND GARDEN. rp-to-- dt ITEMS OF INTEREST FOR MAIDS AND MATRONS. Some of llir How to Lift street skirt 1 at rut Fashion ( U- - ( uimiiigly Atl- e junteil P.odiie suit Vourflf of the Moti. Au (tlij - straw-make- r. straw-stack- jlle on cue sid of the body, and 6ligtt-l- y a lovely modification of a princew hv! the front breadth cut to a deep point bend the forearm forward. The fullness of the skirt will thus be found at i he bust to show a yoke of contrastto remain in plat e, and will not cause ing material. Over the shoulders lace the fp'igne to the band and wrist that was draped, and the lace narrowed one experiences in the old way of holdalong the seam between the front .nd ing so much weight of material in the side breadths, thus softening the frehand. This is a decided saving on quently fatal hip curve, while the yoke since it does not stretch them point insured a graceful bust curve. . e'.ovfs, r or s.,iM ihem or ause the hand to be Fichu and short waisted effects are come overheated, and skirts jiitej fashionable, and all suit charmingly this way look nio.e graceful than ulert the romantic type of girl, she who U y at her best in long, graceful and unthey are held in the hand. One's le'St table to be emphasized, and conventional lines. it gives an ease and certainty that all Gowns of this sort are In preparathe fullne-- s is properly looked after, tion, but are not intended for immewhile at the1 fame time petticoat, andiate use. demureness b?ing the fashkles and are more becomingly ionable affectations until Eister brings a change. One result of this fancy is felt by women who do not make a fad i iiainel I'ainl. of pretenses, and that is in the abunJuliana would like to know how to dance of gray. Pictured here is one of make and apply enamel paint. Anthe prettiest results of this fancy, a swer: (Jet some white paintthe ordinary thick paint from a keg and mix jmmkI varnish with it until it is about as thick as ordinary cake batter. Then put it into a cheese cloth and allow it drip through. If it Is too thick reduce it with a little spirits of turpentine. Press it gently until it is all drained; then dip the cloth in clear spirits of turpentine to remove the paint from the scraps that will always be found in it. Thin to the required consistency. It is well to apply it as thick as it will spread comfortably. White enamel is very attractive, but it may he made any color desired. FOR WOMEN AND HOME Wedding Kin;;. HAT a symbol love is that cle of gid'i. : anat-6ru- oi I cir- the token of which our de-v- n t i n was told! Ibiw our jouthdi! affections shine as It out, seems. In the Ii;,'ht of the r o in a n around it that fleams; ( no And it knows beginning or ending, or why Its continuing course should not run till we tile. And a sinn and a seal of our reyor-'nee- , too, Had a part in our creed when that old 'i' was new. When a slender. light hand was upraised to our lips. And our kisses were pressed on its slim finger tips, For thut circle of gold seemed a hallowing- pledge Of a homage profounder than words 'la red allege. Hut the metal that's purest wears quickest away. And that old wedding ring has grown thinner Yet the hand which it graced graces it in its turn With a magic the alchemist vainly would learn. For sweet charity's touch has so filled Shrewd Ilurghir a imI Pluck)' Woman. New York Times: Mrs. Helen How-ai- d of Jersey City on returning from a grocery the other day, found a thief behind her bed. She seized him by tho collar and dragged him out of the house to the sidewalk. There he said " it with gold. That that hand never hungry and cold. lacked to the mm jar- - Cunningly Adjusted I tihA Ihr tin ' SUMMER one-ha- lf - 1 .t. ! bliss, I of Joy In the heavens above more sure than cycle of love. hi that ling and Its lift inij Street Sklrta r.HNily. Wtile It is considered bad lorm for a woman to carry her skirts when walking, there are conditions and when she must do so. In the first place, unless one Is a woman of luxury, with those in her service 'lth nothing but her wardrobe to look after, one Is not excusable for wearing skirts that in consequence of their exaggerated length are veritable street sweepers. For women who are not thus luxuriously conditioned, walk-lnskirts should be made Just to escape the ground, and then they should he allowed to hang free, unless the sidewalks or crossings are too damp or otherwise dirty, when it would, of course, be most uncleanly not to lift the skirts. The way to lift them most effectually and conveniently Is to throw th extra back fullness of the skirt ov?r the bark of the hand, which should be closed and placed as a han- all-roi- R i 4rt?&J? w "Toilettes.' COWN.-Fror- a And the summers may come, and the summers may go. And the winters may whiten the hair with their snow; Still the hand which a lover delighted to kiss Wears the signet of half of a century's And no earnest ) llodlces. Beautiful bodices that take the outline of folded belt, extending from just to the hips, swathed in at the waist and widening In graceful folds as the figure rounds to the full curve of the bust, are so cunningly adjusted that they seem to be carelessly wound about the figure. Such a belt or bodice is of great value as an accessory in your wardrobe just now, for it cannot only be worn with your early spring cloth costume, but with the very daintiest muslin of next August. Nothing is more becoming to any figure than such a belt. The bodice to be worn beneath need be really nothing much besides pretty effect of sleeves and yolk. Often a fichu effect Is secured, the fichu ends disappearing under the belt, to appear at the waist below the belt, where they hang free as far as the knees. Such belts are elaborations.and very clever ones, of the sort of bodice belt that is shown in the accompanying picture, though when the uses of the two sorts are considered the relationship is not so plain. Folded black satin, each fold edged with mauve taffeta, add to this belt, three rows of black satin ribbon trimming the skirt below it. The dress material was pale gray woolen stuff, and both skirt and blouse waist were accordion plaited. Mauva taffeta furnished the vest and revers, the latter being trimmed with narrow Brussels lace; a narrow frill of taffeta edged the gray stock collar, and chiffon frills finished the sleeves. A genuinely odd accessary for the waist is very like the thick leather dog collars, its fastenings clumsy. and curious. This makes a stunning belt for the summer girl, though a slender waist is a necessity. If she has a big dog, then her belt will exactly match his collar and the two will go out to-f gether that no one can possibly miss the fact, that she wears a collar around one-thir- d. dress of light weight cloth trimmed with folds of white velveteen. On the bodice the folds were In bolero outlines, and cream lace bretelles commenced at the shoulders and reappeared under the belt, which, together with the collar, was made of dark gray velvet. The sleeves were wrinkled as far aa the shoulders, where they finished with small puffs and epaulets trimmed to harmonize with the bolero effect. that the landlord had given him keys to look at vacant rooms and that he had mistaken the floor. This, he added, he would prove, if she would go back into the house; with him. She consented, and when her hold was released in the house he jumped through a rear window and escaped, only to be He wag caught later by an officer. identified as William Adams, burglar. Suit Vonmelf. Shj l'lishiuu. great secret of being well dressed is being dressed according to your style. Time was when everyone to be in the mode had to dress along certain lines, whether those suited her especially or not, but now it is not so. A woman may dress as best suits herself, general current rules being observed, of course, and if she understands at the start what is becoming, the result is good, even though it places her in a different style of femininity from her neighbor. Just now the women who take kindly to perky frills and fluffy daintiness are favored, but the romantic maid may affect the princess gown, the empire and the fichu and Marie Antoinette fashions. There is a great trick of .course in following only the graceful outlines, but the present s allow that. To accomplish this, A fash-Ion- her waist. These collars come In dark and tan leathers, and one of bright red leather Is voted just right. It will be a pretty notion to wear such a belt with a very simple and feminine dress, say a scarlet, black braided canvas, with n scarlet dog collar belt aa almost Its only ornament. The Vatican contains 203 stalrcxsos and 1,100 different rooms.