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THE TIMES-NEW- NEPHI, UTAH S, COMMUNITY SERVICE AROUSES INTEREST American (Copy for This Department Supplied by the American Legion Kewi Service.) TAYLOR'S WORK FOR COMPENSATION BILL When the newg that the adjusted compensation bill has been passed over the Presidential veto by the senate flashed from Washington to Indianapolis where fifty or more American Legion national executive committeemen were in session, one name, and one name only was In their minds John Thomas Taylor, For more than Ave years Taylor, a young Washington lawyer of nlzed brilliance and an ardent Legionnaire, had been directing the Legion's fight for passage of the bill. Either as chairman or vice chairman of the Legion's national legislative committee, he had been steering legislation beneficial to the disabled veterans and men. He knew every other senator, every representative In Washington. He was liked for his winning personality, his brilliance of mind and his ability to present a case convincingly to the men in whose hands rested the fate of legislation In which the Legion was Interested. Six times he had got the adjusted compensation measure through the house by overwhelming majorities. Three times the senate had given the bill its support. Once fate intervened and blocked Its final enactment; once the late President Harding had swept away Taylor's efforts with a stroke of the pen. But this time, he Intended nothing to Interfere. The crucial moment had arrived, and as Taylor says himself, "when the battle Is hottest, I think the quicker and don't lose my head." With consummate skill he brought the pressure to bear which defeated efforts to have action by the senate delayed Ecrc: Interest In community and civic bet terment among members of the American Legion is growing rapidly. Garland W. Powell, director of the Legion's national Americanism commission, said In a recent statement Issued at Indianapolis. Mr. Powell Is directing this phase of Legion work. Mr. Powell's statement was based on the hundreds of requests which have been pouring Into the community and civic betterment bureau, a division of the Americanism commission, for advice on various subjects and for copies of the new pamphlet Tour Post and Tour Town," for dis tribution by the Legion's bureau. "While we have many reports con cerning posts which have already assumed some community responsibility, It Is, Indeed, surprising how many Legionnaires are planning campaigns for betterment of conditions about them," Mr. Powell declared. "Requests for direction along these lines are received daily, and Indicate that constructive work for their neighbors Is the principal aim of this great group of men," he said. Mr. Powell said there was no In tention on the part of the Legion to supplant any agency engaged In work of this character, but that the Legion's broad membership would qualify It as an agency best equipped to align all community endeavor. "The volume of the requests re ceived decided the course of the new bureau, handling this work," Mr. Powell said. "The great number of these requests clearly Indicate that Legion men are thinking in lines of community service and are seeking best channels of expression In the various lines. As a consequence, the community and civic betterment bureau Is to function principally In an advisory capacity." Advice furnished by the bureau will extend to every phase of community development and civic betterment, ac cording to Mr. Powell. Perhaps most stress will be laid on recreation or some activity which will tend to occupation of the leisure time of the nation, but he declares this clearly anticipates civic betterment Including community building, memorials, playand recreation centers. grounds health conservation, philanthropic ad ministration, municipal progress and general community organization. "Because members of the American Legion represent every class in the country." Mr. Powell declared, "I predict that the organization will go far In accomplishments for the nation leading to Ideal conditions of Ameri can citizenship." G. O. P. Honors Mrs. Hert of Kentucky Tobias Hert of Kentucky (portrait herewith) Is the new vice chairman of the Republican national executive committee, succeeding Mrs. Harriet Taylor Upton of Ohio who resigned to run for con gress. The fifty-fift- y recognition of women was one of the features of the Cleveland convention. The convention gave the women equal representation with men on the national committee and In party affairs In general. Heretofore the women have been "associate members" of the national committee. Hereafter they will be regularly elected and have equal rights and privileges. This has already developed Interesting situations. Mrs. Medill Mo Cormlck, for example, has been named as the woman committeeman from Illinois. This puts her back In politics, though her husband loses his seat In the senate. Her appointment Is fitting, In a way, since she was Ruth Hanna and Cleveland was Mark Hanna's home town. A laugh comes out of Mississippi, where the two committeemen are Mr. and Mrs. Emile Kuntz. Mrs. Hert, who was Sallle Aley of Bedford, Ind., Is the widow of the na tional committeeman from Kentucky. Mr. Hert was on the national committee. 1910-2and was also a member of the executive committee. He was western manager of the 1910 campaign. Mr. Hert was a manufacturer, banker and farmer and Mrs. Hert has been active In carrying on his enterprises. Her home is Hurstbourne Farms, Jefferson county. Mrs. Alvln P. Edouard Herriot, New French Premier Edouard Herriot (portrait here Is the new premier of France under President Gaston Doumergue, who succeeds Mlllerand. Herriot was leader of the coalition of the left, which won the recent election and after a governmental crisis of 14 days. In many respects unprecedented In French history, he formed a new government. His ministry, made up to carry out the repeatedly expressed determination to exclude the minority from participation In public affairs, comprised representatives of his own radical party and groups associated with It In the successful electoral campaign. V Determined to reject all methods to a to France likely plow compel lonely furrow In International poll- tics, Herriot declared he takes office with the set purpose of Radio Is Presented to Inter allied unity. Tet his appoint as war minister of General Mol- Reconstruction Home ment head of the allies control mission In Germany has stirred the Germans of let A radio receiving set has been pre all classes and politics to rage. sented to the reconstruction home for Edouard Herriot first came Into public notice as mayor of Lyons. He was Infantile paralysis In Ithaca, N. T, by he was but the local volture of the Forty and elected a senator from the department of the Rhone in 1913 when limit of over minimum a months the few age forty, division of the Eight, the On the first night American Legion the set was Installed J. A Z. Mundy, grand chef de gni! of the society In New Tork, broadii t a message to the veterans in the ho. ie from a New Tork city station. Gertrude Atherton can now say, "I told you so." Eight years ago she Men wrote a story entitled "The SacrifiWants cial Altar," which created much comto Be Scout Leaders ment In literary circles and threatened Characterizing the boy scout move to destroy Mrs. Atherton's reputation ment as an "Incubator for the manfor realistic writing. "Impossible,1 power of the nation," "Les" Pierce, a snorted the high moguls of American Legionnaire of Tolodo, urged on hla literature, "such a thing could never comrades the necessity for continued happen." In behalf of the youngsters. efforts The murder of Robert Franks, He asked that every post furnish as son of a Chicago millionaire, by many scout leaders from the Nathan Leopold and Richard Loeb, is men as possible, these men to attend almost an exact parallel of the scorned a scout school for Instructors. story. Mrs. Atherton had vlsloned young man whose brain was a marvel Insures New Members and whose soul was almost nonex An accident Insurance policy with istent He had studied everything and every membership card Issued by the had mastered several languages. Louis Bac was his name. He wrote several post Is the provision that members of the Hilton U. Brown, Jr., post of the novels. American Legion in Indianapolis make "Tour work lacks fire, emotion, 1 toe the future. Some of the members excitement" his friend told him. "Why hare already announced that their don't you fall In love?" Hla friend brought his beautiful niece. Louis met her but received no policy will be made payable to the post In case of death by accident. The poll thrill. Stealing to her chamber, he beheld the girl sleeping, but still was un cles are paid from post funds, and moved. Seizing a pillow, he determined to kill her for the excitement and have been secured from a national sheer pleasure of It He smothered ber to death and at last mad excitement casualty Insurance company. coursed through his brain and he returned to his home, wrote a masterpiece and then slashed hla wrists. with) g Mrs. Atherton and the Franks Murder Ex-Servi- ce John Thomas layior. for a week, which the opposition hoped would be sufficient time to rally 's enough votes to sustain President veto. As the time drew close on May 10 for the final vote, Taylor, In an anteroom sat outlining his cam paign. By his precount jotted on a piece of paper which he held before him. the opposition had twenty-seve-n Cool-Idge- Totes. A friend dashed in with the news moved the bill for that a senator had vote. "Are yon ready, Taylort Are you surer' came the anxious queries from senatorial friends of the bill. "Now or never. The Legion la go ing to win," said Taylor. When the vote was finished the count stood 69 for and 26 against One paired vote made Taylor's precount exactly right He had figured precise ly what was going to happen. It w not for nothing that he had stood guard over the Legion's legislative In terests for six years. He had pre pared graphs, charts and had worked for the passage of the adjusted compensation bill with the scientific pre- clseness of a chemist precipitating a chemical mixture. The national executive committee men of the Legion In recognition of Taylor'a unflagging work presented Mm with a handsome watch as a token of their esteem. Taylor began his army life as a buck private Inthe Infantry. May, 1017. He was then tnirxy-iwyears ma. la August, 1917, he went to an officers' training camp and came out a first lieutenant Seventeen months of overseas service followed during which he fought at Chateau Thierry, Veslt His outfit river and Meuse-Argotwas the first to crow the border when the Army of Occupation moved Into Gertuat.y. He was discharged a cap tain and, returned to Washington to take up his neglected law practice. But Legion work Interested him, and he has found the time to be responsible In a targe measure for the passage of many pieces of legislation, notably the Sweet bill, which Increased the com pensation of disabled comrades. o j JSr vi . Pott to Have New Home In order that men of the Legion will accomplish their building fund la Darlington, S. C It. E. Allen, a local merchant has offered to give the Legionnaires 1 per cent of his gross sales for the year. The post possesses fine lot the donation of other Darlington citizens, and It Is expected that other merchants will follow the lead of Mr. Allen In providing funds for erection f a post home. ' Long Pony Ride Undertaking a long, overland ride from Marysvllle, Calif., to St Paul Minn, "Tex" Knykendall, a former Texas ranger, Is to represent the Golden state at the national convention of the American Legion. Kuykendall'a departure will be a feature of the Legion's Fourth of July celebration In Marysvllle, and he will visit Legion posts along his route a he travels to tha 1924 mecca of Legionnaires. Uniforms for Legion Band Uniforms for the Torrlngron (Conn.) American Legion band have been punchased at a cost of $1,300, according te post officers. The cost Is of marine blue, gilt Legion buttons, flaps and shoulder straps of yellow; yellow sill fourragere, black Sara Brown belt breeches with yellow stripe, and blue cap. The band has already atvured number of engagements. - Friend Burton's Speech on Coolidge The name of Marion Leroy Bur- ton, president of the University of Michigan was well known In educa- tional circles before the Republics f national convention ; since then It has been a household word In the United States. For In nominating President Coolidge he made an address that was one of the features of the convention and pleased the public mightily. Burton la not a politician; he Is a minister and college president But back In the days when be was president of Smith college at Northampton, Mass Coolidge was mayor. The two men became firm friends and their friendship has lasted. The President caught Burton by telephone at midnight on a fishing trip In the wilds of Michigan and asked him to make the nominating speech "as a friend." Burton was scared, but he said "yes." Burton Is a big man, of pleading personality and an orator. And be wasn't scared on the platform, either, for he departed from his written speeca and even Improved on It It woa a curious speech from the conventional political viewpoint. He made It plain that as a friend he was telling what he knew about his friend's char acter and why he thought It wise that his friend should be nominated for tli Presidency. Then followed almost Intimate and searching amilysls of the char acter of Calvin Coolidge, from boyhood to the present an analysis nod trlbut possible only from an understanding friend and peer. Docked Lambs. Bring Grades for High Market Frice PniintwRiivprQ Try to Simplify Standards and Facilitate Trading on Uniform Basis. In Warm Weather Pine Tar Should Be Put on Tail. Failure to dock and trim lambs costa New York sheep growers a tidy sum for lambs that reach tha United State Department every year, (Prepared by the market without this having been dona of Agriculture.) Buyers' egg grades have been pre- bring a lower price. . pared by the United States Depart- two'When the lambs are from one to weeks old they ought te be cas ment of Agriculture In an effort to simplify egg standards and to facilitate trated," says H. B. Hlnman of tha trading on a uniform basis between state college at Ithaca. "Select a producers and country buyers. Only bright day. Have the lambs on clean two grades, No. 1 and No. 2, are pro- dry bedding, or If on pasture, have them on clean, dry grass. Provide vided for sound shell egss. Grade No. 1 consists of eggs of an some warm water containing a disin average weight of 24 ounces net per fectant. Wash the hands clean. Have dozen with a minimum weight at the a sharp knife, dip both bands and rate of 22 ounces per dozen for Indi knife in this solution. "It Is well when there are a number vidual eggs. The shell shall be pracof lambs to be castrated to sort them tically clean and sound j the air cell lnch or less, from the flock. shall be of a depth of 'Have someone catch a lamb and localized, and may be slightly trem hold It up against his chest with Its and be visible the may yolk ulous; mobile ; the white reasonably firm, and four legs together. The operator takes the development of the germ may be hold of the scrotum and cuts off one- third of the lower end. The testi slightly visible. cles, now being exposed, are pulled out Grade No. 2. Grade No. 2 consists of eggs of an slowly, one at a time. After this, drop some of the disinfectant into the holes average weight of 22 ounces net per and put the lumb with Its mother. dozen with a minimum weight at the 'A week after the buck Iambs have rate of 18 ounces per dozen for indi vidual eggs; the shell, clean or dirty, been castrated and are almost healed, but sound; the air cell having a depth all lambs, ewes, and wethers should be of over lnch, and bubbly or freely docked. This work Is commonly done visible and with a chisel and block. A sharp knife mobile; the yolk plainly freely mobile; the white weak and is also used. The regular docking however, are better, as their watery, and the germ development pincers, use prevents loss of blood. They should blood show no with but visible clearly be heated till they are red hot. In ing. warm weather, when flies are troubleDespite heavy prospective produc tion of eggs this year, the supply of some, pine tar should be put on the eggs of high quality will not be exces stub of the tall to prevent attack by sive and will bring much better prices maggots. This operation can be per proportionately than ordinary eggs, formed by anybody exercising a little the department points cut In urging care." farmers to produce high quality eggs and to market them through agencies Pruning Tomatoes Will or to buyers who appreciate quality Greatly Increase Size and will pay for It Under the present size of tomatoes can be greatly The a for flat of eggs system price paying the producers of good quality eggs Is Increased, and the season of ripening penalized by receiving a lower price can be hastened, by pruning tomato than his eggs are worth, whereas the plants to one stem and by training careless producer whose eggs are poor them to stakes. By this method, the or bad receives more than he Is Justly tomatoes are lifted up from the entitled to receive, the department ground and do not rot as readily. The says. Use of the buyers' egg grades size is Increased, possibly because Just promulgated is expected to cor most of the plant food which would go Into the formation of extra leaves rect this situation. goes Into the production of tomatoes Enlisted In Campaign. The services of county agents and Instead. Pruning should commence extension agencies generally over the as soon as the suckers or shoots start in the axils of the leaves of to country are being enlisted in the cam the form This should be- - cut before plant. to of about the marketing paign bring attain any great size. If these they eggs according to quality. It Is felt the plant that the grades of eggs used by the are kept out continually, wholesale trade In terminal markets automatically has but one stem. Tha are too complicated for use at coun final ripening of the crop can be further hastened by pinching off the try points, hence the set of simple buy terminal bud when six or seven clusing grades proposed by the department. ' When buyers pay prices for eggs based ters of tomatoes have been set on on quality, an Incentive Is Immediately the plant. The practice of pruning results In offered producers to produce and mar ket eggs of the higher qualities, the de securing very early tomatoes, and the maturing of a larger proportion of the partment says. Use of the new grades requires the crop of lute tomatoes. When tomaare planted In tills way It Is candling of eggs by buyers. Informa toes to plant them quite close, estion regarding candling methods may be obtained from the local county pecially on good, rich soil. Tomatoes one stem can agent or by writing the United States that are to be pruned to two feet each way. be apart planted of Department Agriculture, Washing ton, D. C. le Continual War on Weeds Necessary for Big Crop If you are to grow a record crop .on your corn patch, you will have to fight the weeds continually. They are one of the worst enemies of corn. Tliey use up much of the food and water which should go to the corn plants. Just as soon as the corn plants are a few inches high, use the cultivator. The first cultivation may be fairly deep because the root system is not extensive. The following cultivations should be shallow to avoid cutting the roots. Four cultivations during the season are generally considered an economical number to make. Above all have your corn patch clean, and If this requires more than four culti vations, make them. Besides getting rid of the weeds, cultivation lets air Into the soli making the corn roots large and stronger, and It makes a soil "mulch" which helps to prevent loss of soil moisture through evaporation. Cut Alfalfa for Hay . Until recent years the accepted practice has been to cut alfalfa for of It was In hay when about bloom or when the crown shoots were two to three Inches tall. An excellent quality of hay Is obtained when the crop Is cut at that time, but the ex perimenters claim that such early cut ting Injures the stand; that It has a tendency to kill out some of the plants whereas later cutting helps to main tain a good stand. It also keeps out weeds. one-tent- h &RM EkCTSfc Remember soy beans make more hay and seed than cowpeas. Don't fail to have velvet beans, cow- peas, or soy beans as a companion crop In all corn. Cultivate the garden frequently to conserve the moisture and destroy tha weedi Curing Alfalfa Hay in Cocks to Save Leaves The yield of hay from the OtooUn will usually double or triple the yield of cowpeas planted There Is general agreement that of any variety under the same condition. putting alfalfa hay Into cocks In the field saves more of the leaves the One ton of pumpkins. Including best part of the feed than when cur seeds, equals In feeding value for dairy In the windrow, but It cows about ing la done 330 to 400 pounds of mixed takes more labor and, since more time Is required, there la more dan hay or 800 pounda of corn allage. ger from rain. Where the weather Clover failures may result from Im promises to be fair for two or three soil conditions, dlgrasea, noit proper It may be advisable to hurry the days, methods of seed. curing by doing most of It In the adapted or the Improper use of harmful nurse seeding, windrow. The amount of shattering will be greater than when the curing crops. Is done In the cock, provided the Soy beans should not be planted unweather remains fair In both cases. til the ground Is warm and the field However, when the hay Is cocked It free of weeds. The ground should be requires longer to cure, thus Increasthoroughly worked and the weeds ing the danger of exposure to unfav- killed before the crop Is planted. orable weather. If the hay Is exposed to several days' rain, even though In growing alfalfa for seed, the seedrocked, the loss Is likely to be greater Is same as If we were growthan would result from taking ad ing It the for forage. A person should vantage of the favorable weather and ing then allow the alfalfa to run to full curlns more rapidly. bloom stage and take the first ruttlt for hay. e Give Tomatoes Room Do not allow tomato plants to grow Transplant them to other hoses or frames and give each plant room enough to stout stemmed and story. If well haidened off, they mar be set In the open ten days earlier. long-legge- be-or- Alfalfa has a very delicate blossom and a shower or often a heavy dew on succeeding nights through a period of several days would destroy the fertilization and little If any seed would be produced.