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|Publisher||Digitized by J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah|
THE LEHI SUN. LEW. UTAH CTjoftens the Harsh Verdict of His With the Air Arm of the Royal Navy ntemporaries on an American Military enius Who Was Born Just 200 Years Ago New York Heartbeat Faces About Town: Virginia Bruce, being beautiful at Fifty-nfth and Fifth. Oughtagetta ticket for obstructing sidewalk traffic like that . . . Ben Bernie, the poor man's Toscaninl. The very, very poor man's . . . Jimmy Walker, who is doing a musical comedy with Robert Rob-ert Stolz, who composed "Two Hearts In Three-Quarter Time" . . . Oscar Levant, the Milton Berle of the intelligentsia. 'Wiwwiiii Ussssi . . .-IMC fe-lb&i H TIDE IN THE CAREER OF A MILITARY GENIUS Benedict Arnold leads the successful L the Hessian redoubt at the Battle of Saratoga, October 7, 1777. By ELMO SCOTT WATSON (Released by Western Newspaper Union.) THE battlefield of Saratoga in New York stands a i. tl.i ..n'.'mm "Win f.'Jn nf U ,-,4, .n.Ul. slab is adorned with a column, in bold relief, in the i i cannon. Carved at its top are a wreath, an epaulet -:boot! But there is no word engraved there to indicate Limns cVinilM prPft 8? a sent to a boot, i around to the other the monument and you ad on the smooth face stone these words: Erected by K WATTS de PEYSTER r, Mai: Gen: S.N.Y. T, Pres't Saratoga Mon't Ass't'n In Memory of it brilliant soldier of the Mtinental Army" Vis desperately wounded p spot, the sally port of WINE'S "GREAT HERN) REDOUBT" A October 1777,, 1 for his countrymen Decisive Battle of the brican Revolution :ir himself the rank of Major General this inscriction savs. the art was erected in memo- e most brilliant soldier Continental Army" who ' his countrvmnn "th rio. pattle of the American A then why isn't his Kiioned? The answer is that if it were, this pecome a monument to a!so. For1 the name iOUld be efl(ravo hara "Benedict Arnold" and, 'ry ana a half, that has :aynious with " boot, it is a replica of -u oy Arnold on his ch was wounded at fcd at Saratoga. The ;: pf this unusual monu- this: enthe Saratoga Mon-iation Mon-iation was organized s monument on the site Schwas the "Turning ' the Rbva1h; :i ''monument with four 1 , were to be ,Jttal HoraUo Gates, i "ouiei SHOT' r American u i ww i left vacant-a si-:;al si-:;al to one of the heroes K;d "u. iater turned re Patr nt NraldePeyst fpresidento iv ' l fe1 -t r "egauve ges-1 ges-1 believed that fees at e 'ccosnion or . ur Anioia Ae . wnole of a rynich had reppivB ! useofUberty i ueorge Ed- F and it " memonal ood B. u e land on th a; 'rea only "-Cv f . swamp. tas tr" in 1929 SS'y.woo of 4 Am 1:. WhlCh the WaT .!nnies 3 So,:. ' m i77. liberty .shrines EW.7- visited an- Times has phrased it) is one of the chief points of interest on the battlefield and many Americans who see it are now inclined to think somewhat some-what differently of Benedict Arnold Ar-nold than to associate his name always with the word "traitor" as they learned from their school book histories to do. In fact, the passage of time has softened the harsh verdict which his contemporaries passed upon this man who was born just 200 years ago (January 14, 1741). Through the perspective of a century cen-tury and a half Americans are beginning to see more clearly the real tragedy that was the -life of Benedict Arnold, and they are learning to share Washington's emotion sadness that a brilliant career should end so darkly rather than hatred for a man who, with good reason for being disap- ' . ... ' a. Ilili mi 4 A BENEDICT ARNOLD pointed and embittered, betrayed his trust. Without seeking in any way to excuse his treason, they can more readily understand why he acted as he did and they can recognize the fact that not even his one great act of faithlessness can obscure his greatness as a military genius. Arnold proved that he was a great soldier many a time before that fatal day in 1780 when his plot to hand the stronghold of West Point over to the British was foiled. At the outbreak of the Revolution he led a company of militia from his native state of Connecticut to Cambridge to join Washington's army. But, tiring of the inactivity of the siege of Boston, Bos-ton, he obtained permission to enlist en-list men for an expedition against Crown Point and Ticonderoga on Lake Champlain. This resulted in his first frustration. frus-tration. For another spirit as bold as himself Ethan Allen with his Green Mountain Boys from Vermont was ahead of him. So Arnold took part in the capture of Ticonderoga as a simple volunteer with Allen but he did lead an expedition ex-pedition which pushed forward and captured St. John's. However, How-ever, when a committee came from Massachusetts, it was not to praise him for his feat but to inquire in-quire into his conduct. Disgusted at this, Arnold resigned from the service and returned to his home. This inauspicious start to his military career was prophetic of the suspicion and jealousy that was to pursue him from that time forward. For Benedict Arnold always al-ways had enemies and his hot temper, his arrogance and his im patience with less impulsive men were responsible for most of them. They prevented his winning the recognition due him for one of the most brilliant exploits soon afterwards. aft-erwards. That was his epic march to aid Gen. Richard Montgomery Mont-gomery in the attack on Quebec late in 1775. Though the expedition expedi-tion was a failure, Arnold succeeded succeed-ed in bringing the remnants of his command back by way bf Lake Champlain, beat off an attack by a British fleet and, although he had to beach his boats and burn them, he saved his army. "Surely a more active, a more spirited and sensible officer fills no department of the army" was Washington's praise of Arnold after aft-er this exploit. But it did not save him from the machinations of his enemies, who spread false reports about him. So when congress, in February, 1777, promoted five brigadier generals to major generals, gen-erals, Arnold's name was omitted from the list. That fall he was sent to aid Gen. Philip Schuyler in resisting Burgoyne's invasion. Then Gen. Horatio Gates replaced Schuyler as commander of the army of the north and the two armies came to grips at Saratoga on September 19. Arnold, commanding the left wing, distinguished himself while Gates was showing all the ineptitude inepti-tude that characterized his whole career. There was a furious quarrel quar-rel between the two generals which ended in Arnold's sending his resignation to Washington. He was replaced by General Lincoln but remained with the army. On October 7 came the final great battle at Saratoga and when the tide seemed to be running against the Americans Arnold could no longer remain sulking in his tent. Mounting his horse, he rushed into the battle "with the fury and impetuosity of a tiger," led his men in a successful assault as-sault on the Hessian camp, and went down with a bullet through his leg. This was the turning point of the battle. Although Gates and his friends tried to disparage Arnold's great contribution to that victory, congress con-gress made him a major-general, Washington presented him with a "pair of elegant pistols" and he was named commander of the American forces in Philadelphia. Then the hatred of his enemies began to dog him again. Eight charges of personal and official misconduct were brought against him and although he was virtually virtual-ly acquitted by a court martial, he was sentenced to be reprimanded repri-manded by Washington, who carried car-ried out the distasteful duty as considerately as possible. But this was the last straw for the embittered, disappointed man. Soon afterwards followed his appointment ap-pointment as commander at West Point, his plotting with the British to hand that post over to them, the exposure of the plot, the capture of Maj. John Andre, adjutant-general adjutant-general of the British army and Arnold's fellow-conspirator, and Arnold's flight to the British. After the war was over Arnold went to London to live. Although the king received him graciously he found that the English had little lit-tle admiration or liking for the "American traitor." When he walked the streets, he was always conscious of their sneers as much as he was of the undisguised hostility hos-tility of Americans in the British capital. Later he engaged in trading in the West Indies, then lived for a time in St John, New Brunswick, where many American Ameri-can Loyalists had settled. But they had little more use for him than the English and eventually he went back to London, where he died June 14, 1801, a broken-heart-ed. poverty-stricken old man. Midtown Vignette: Two months ago a young man and a girl met after aft-er reading for roles in "The Corn Is Green," and admitted they were discouraged about their chances of making the cast. "Tell vou what." she said, by way of brightening up ine conversation. "If I get into the show I'll buy you a bottle of cham- pagne, and if you get in you can buy one for me" ... "Okay," he said . . . The other Saturday night a boy and girl bought two bottles of wine and split the check . . . Thev were Richard Waring and Thelma bchnee. Memos of a Mldnighter: George Jean Nathan's new Oriental first- night friend is Kimi Toye of Club WaikikL Says she intrigues him because she looks so bored . . . Horace Schmldlapp, the millionaire producer, is breathless over Countess Count-ess Ila Willing, a Hungarian pretty . . There was a fist-fight be tween former Ass't D. A. St Angelo and the editor of the East Side News . . Sailing Baruch Jr.' says it must have been some other Baruch, he was in no Longchamps fight S. Skolsky has worried so much about the war, they are calling him "Bundle of Nerves for Britain." . . . Hollywood etiquette, columns Hubbard Hub-bard Keavy, expects you to intro duce wedded actresses by their screen names never as Mrs. '. . . Too often you'll be speaking not only out of turn but also out of date. Broadway Novelette: Garbo's vis it to "Panama Hattie" was eventful." event-ful." First, a photog cornered Greta in a perfect spot, while she was standing at attention during the national na-tional anthem. Garbo pulled down her hat to hide her kisser . , . When she was about to enter a cab with Gaylord Hauser, an autograph-cam era pest snapped her, and Greta sizzled. She hit the camera, but the girl held on to it . . . Hauser then slapped it to the sidewalk . . .AS Garbo started to enter the taxi again, the girl threw the camera at her hitting Greta right in her rum ble seat while the crowd howled. REPORTER'S PRIVATE PAPERS Verne Marshall is groaning out loud because our state department allegedly high-hatted Hitler's peace memo . . . MarsnaU doesn t mention men-tion that Hitler's word is notoriously worthless even among his own allies al-lies . ... At any rate, Marshall took his grievance to the networks and blundered ... He sassed back at the editorial page of the Herald Tribune so violently that people went right out and bought that edition to read the shellacking Marshall got . . When Verne has had a few more scraps perhaps he will know that it is pretty amateurish to mention men-tion the names an enemy calls you . It not only gives those words circulation, but Marshall would be surprised how grateful people are to learn about them. Gloria Swanson is on her way to being the wealthiest woman in the nation . . . Her new business is financing refugee inventors, who arrive ar-rive here with not much coin, but full of ideas the one thing the Nazis cannot rob . . . She bankrolls them for a percentage of the earnings . . . Everything is on the up-and-up . . Her recent trip to Sguth America was not a pleasure jaunt, as she told the gazettes, but a business trip to interest mine owners there in her new alloy ... It Is supposed to be much lighter than the stuff now used In pjanes and much stronger. Her big backer is an ambassador. Responding; to a recent emergency emergen-cy call of invasion, seven giant American bombers came down at Croydon, near London, after a nonstop non-stop transatlantic passage . . . "Are we in time?" was the anxious quiry . . . "Yes," was the casual answer, "tea far Just being served." Funny thing, but "Gone With the Wind," the greatest grosser in the history of movies, was a severe llow to the industry ... Of the approximately ap-proximately $100,000,000 spent by the film fans yearly, "GWTW" grabbed $32,000,000 which left only a riere $68,000,000 in the pot for oth-v oth-v moom-pitchers. One of the correspondents back rom Europe brought this story, hich he says was censored when I e tried to send it . . . During one I I Churchill's appearances in parliament, parlia-ment, a member got up and demanded de-manded that Churchill explain why RAF did not bomb Berlin citizens as well as German military objectives objec-tives . . . The prime minister replied: re-plied: "I assure you nothing would give me greater pleasure than to instruct in-struct the RAF to bomb the Wil-helmstrasse. Wil-helmstrasse. but, unfortunately, with me business before pleasure." ll lu -rUl ii i l: :v , .,y,rit ,j . Al These photos, released by the British admiralty, rive the lavrnnn an ida. nf what imps nn hehlml Ihn terse communiques. Top left, scene In the below-deck hangar of an aircraft carrier of the royal navy. Top right, the ground crew takes U Its heels as the motors rev op for the takeoff. Lower left, the port wing of a Walrus plane gets its load of bombs before the takeoff. Lower rifht, a war bird cornea home to roost. Military Training Helps Reformation Army training Is making men out of these boys at the New York City reformatory, at New Hampton, N. Y. At the suggestion of Mayer Flo- f' ! W - .... ... ? reu l,s uuaraia, military drill was tried as an experiment at the correctional cor-rectional institution. The average age of the boys Is 19. Here you see I flpftl a rnmnanv nrpeAnf In mrmm t ?: flag-lowering ceremony. Right: Inmates charging with their wooden guns during field drill. r W ft. it Ivl 4. A i x . . S W . if s. . -t iff - i j . i." f'y " - Free French Fight on for Liherty wmwamavi i ij n-vr-rijrrfij)nnf fifij yO rjK rtftift nr tryfVtttm If K 11) 8 .: 4' If " 1 j 1 1 rot iJ. Somewhere In England, and in an English pert, this destroyer now flies the standard of the Free French forces whe fight en for liberty. It was one of the ships ef war that came ever ta England rather than surrender sur-render when the French government capitulated to the Nazis. Craft af the Free French navy are now doing regular duty with units of the British fleet. The Army's Men in White mjv fM JJk-4j i;i V ' f . - Ten below sero" Is what the thermometer said as this ski patrol of the U. & army started out from the Plattsburg, N. Y.. barracks for a winter training march. These men, clad In outfits like those made famous In the recent Finnish war, are members of the Twenty-sixth Infantry. They are being trained i ski and snowshoe maneuvers. June and December 1 rS 5 . ':. 41 - - rw , -ftfffi Hi' i-litfiVllfflllVwa tfllrr ' 111 llilJll'jllUMJ noneymooning In front of their one-room brush shanty la Pleas Hickman, 82, ef Roan County, Tenn., and his bride, the former Geneva Powell, 17, of Rock Castle, Ky. The girl raa away from home a year ago la search af romance. She says she Is "completely happy." Italian Meets Greek 5? ' i 3 An Italian Drisoner of the Greeks scoops eat the remains of his prisoo-camn prisoo-camn dinner as he chats with one of the Greek fighters to whose prowesa he owes his present plight.