THE SIOUX CITY IN WORLD WAR" AMERICAN foLEQOHO for Thla the Amerion jXCopy Buppllad by Eeprtmnt News SerTlo. Log-Io- n RULES FOR FLAG OBSERVANCE 'National Conference Codifies Regula-tlon- a for Display of Raapaet tt Colors. Patriot of the United State at last may pay the flag of the nation full respect, without tear of violation of toot phase of flag etiquette, due to She outcome of a national conference Wled for the purpose of codifying rules for flag .observance. Noting the dissimilitude of practices toward the flag, and the Inability to coincide Make military observance f, 1L II 1 ywitu mm ior ciYiimnit, ui xuuencaa jLeglon set out to settle all such questions and succeeded In the purpose by of calling together representatives nearly seventy organizations of various character for the promulgation Of certain rules for future flag usage. ' The conference was held at Continental hall in Washington. Gathered there were representatives of the army and navy, government agencies, .veterans' organizations, patriotic societies, associations for welfare and organized movements for national development. These delegates represented 6,000,000 Americans. The conference was opened by an address by President Harding. Garland W. Powell, director of th Americanism commission of the L'e glon, presided and named a committe .which formulated a definite code, latef to be adopted by the conference. In addition to settling on the cod for flag usage, plans for education li, proper flag observance were formed and a program of contemplated legislation outlined, which would fix by statute certain rules for display of th national emblem. A point which wll be stressed along this line will be the setting aside of June 14 as a day of appropriate ceremony and respect tt the flag in every state. Another suggested measure calls for the flying of the flag from every main administration building and at every polling place In the nation. Schools would fly the flag during school hours, if a recom mendation of the committee Is followed, while general laws relating to punitive measures for misuse of the flag also are urged. The code suggested by the commit tee contains many suggestions for Usage of the emblem, with certain "don'ts" as violations. The flag should be displayed from sunrise to sunset, only between such hours as designated by proper authority on national and state holidays, or on historic or special occasions. The flag should always be hoisted briskly and lowered slowly and ceremonious ly. When carried in procession with another flag the place of the flag of the United States Is on the right, that Is, the flag's own right or when there la a line of other flags, the United States flag should be In front of the center of the line. If displayed with another flag against a wall from crossed Stan's the United States flag should be on the right and Its staff In front of the other flag. When flags are grouped or displayed from staffs the United States flag should be in the center or at the highest point of the group. The United States flag should fly from the peak of halyard on which flags of states, cities or societies are flown. If such flags are hoisted the United States flag should always be raised first. No Hag or pennant should be placed above or to the right of the emblem. In fly ing flags of two or more nations ths flags should be flown from separate staffs of the same height and the flags f equal size. common misuse of the flag takes place when the staff projects borlaon tally or at an angle from window sills, ,baltooy or front of buildings. Th union of the flag should go clear to the head of ths staff unless at half staff. If the emblem Is displayed other than from a staff it should be hung flat If displayed either horizontal! or vertically against a wall, the union should be uppermost end to the flag's right, that Is, to the observer's left. If hung from the middle of a street, as between buildings, the union should be to the north In an east and west street or to the east In a north and south street. When the flag Is used on a speakers' platform It should be displayed above and behind the speaker. It should never be used to cover the speaker's desk or to drape over the front of th platform. If used in unveiling a monument the flag should not be allowed to fall to the ground, but should be borne aloft to wave out. If used to cover a casket the flag should be placed so that the union Is at the head and over the left shoulder. The flag should not be lowered Into the grave nor allowed ;to touch the ground. The casket should .be carried feet first. If the condition of the flag Is sncL that It Is no longer fit for display It should be destroyed ss a whole by burning or similar method. The emblem should never be used as drapery, banting being preferred for this purpose. It should never be used as s celling, part of a cosfume or uniform, embroidered on handkerchiefs or pillows, printed on envelopes, paper napkins or boxes. . 1 I S, NEPHI, UTAH r rred W. Pierce, historian of the Ed ward H. Monahan post of the American Legion In Sioux City, la. received th praise of the Legion's national executive committee for his work as director of the Gold Star ceremonial, a patriotic community tribute to the World war dead, and as author of a history of th Monahan post. The production was held three days, during wfclih It was witnessed by almost --every resident of th city. It symbolised th participation of Sioux City la the World war, paying tribute to th memory of 114 men killed In th war. Scenes from th war, pageantry, mu sic and addresses of orators carried out an allegory, culminating In a tableaux designed to portray the efforts of th American Legion In honoring th dead. 1 't Prompt Handling Right Treatment for , Sunstroke in Horses Government Bulletin Points First Step Is to Get Animal in Cool, Shady Spot of Potato Crop Historian of Monahan Post la Praised as Author of History of the Organization. Out Great Importance of Heavy Early Shipment. Need of Respect for the Law by All Captain Wesley IL Westbrook, superintendent of the Cook County jail In Chicago Is a widely known criminologist who preaches the necessity of respect for the law by all classes and finds it sadly lacking. He says: "Seventy-fiv- e per cent of the people In Jail now believe that with money or influence they can get their bonds reduced, furnish bail, get out on the street and by political manipulation go free at last, no matter what the charge may be. They believe that lack of money and pull will convict them and nothing else. "With these conditions existing what should we dot What can we do and what will we do to prevent their Are such things precontinuance ventable or must we go on with these unprincipled practices. "In war, the man who refuses or to do his duty Is marked and neglects made to suffer. If we took the same attitude toward those who want special privileges as we took toward the 'slacker' In war times, we would go a long way toward abolishing crime. "Civilization cannot exist without law. Law Is useless unless actively effective. The great agency which makes laws effective In a republic. Is respect for law by every one. There now exists in this country the need to enforce respect for the law." Sunstroke, a disorder of the nervous system caused by exposure to the di rect rays of the sun, is likely to cause United StfttM Dpartmnt ,Prpard by th trouble In hot weather, says the vet- of Agriculture.) Prompt, quick, careful handling of erinury division of the Clemson Agri the early potato crop is the keynote of cultural college. In severe cases, death is sudden, due the marketing problem, according to the United States Department of Agri- to paralysis of the nerve centers In the culture. The market season for any early potato district lasts only a few weeks and into that Bhort time must be condensed the net results of the season's work and planning. Farmers' bulletin 1318, Just published, tells how the crop is sold in the leading early potato sections; the location, shipping points, and relative Importance of the g districts are heavy shown ; kind and source of information which the grower should use are described ; and the grower told how to make the most of them in marketing his crop. Factors to Study. Study Is better than guess work, says the bulletin. There are a number of factors to consider and the grower should keep In touch with crop news, shipment reports, and market quotations. Study of the best official reports until experience makes it possible to size up their practical meaning almost at a glance. Is a practical and profitable part of the work of marketing. Before the time of planting the grower who studies conditions will be able to figure with a certain degree of accuracy the probable market situa tion for early new potatoes. The price of early potatoes seems to vary accord ing to the size of the main crop the Senator Francis E. Warren of year before and the quantity of old Wyoming, who has been in the senate stock available for shipment after Jan since 1890, is chairman of the senate uary 1, as well as according to shipcommittee on appropriations, who ments of the new early crop. For exholds the Congressional Medal of the average price of new pota ample Honor and Is father-in-laof General toes In 1917 was nearly double that of Pershing, is possibly the most distin1916, yet about the same number of guished member of a congressional carloads of new early stock were committee which has delighted the shipped In each of the two years. But thousands Interested In Rocky Mounthe 1917 new crop followed a short old tain National park by promising the crop of which the shipments were light Improvement of the Fall River road after January, while the 1916 new crop through that most popular of all the followed a heavy main crop. This automobile public playgrounds. Success In Marketing. highway climbs up from Estes park While the selling end of the potato (7,500 feet elevation), crosses the Colquestion deals mainly with the crop orado Continental Divide at 12,000 feet, when ready for market. It Is well to and descends to the Colorado Itlver In mind that success In marketing bear Globe trotters say valley (8,000). much on having the right depends there Is nothing like It In all the stock at the right time. The variety world. It Is now a road with should be one that Is marketed in large turnouts. quantities from the locality, thus mak This congressional committee has ing sure of carlot shipments throughout made an "Inspection and Information the season and of plenty of local cash Mount and Rainier. tour" this summer to Porto Rico, the Canal VSuue, Alaska buyers. MounGlacier, Yellowstone and Rocky Mountain National parks. In Rocky ' The bulletin contains much of In tain the committee drove up over the Fall River road In part through snowthe various market banks and was s Impressed that It planned to push In the next congress a terest regardingsmall outlets for the grower as well as road. bill appropriating $280,000 for widening It to a two-wacommercial the for planter and larger A use to Immediate for Is Tbe government advance the money (In 1924). obtained be a by copy may writing to season-pas- s over the road to be Issued for $1 to each automobile owner, the of Agrl States United the Department Narevenue to go Into a sinking fund. This does not apply to Rocky Mountain culture, Washington, D. C, as long as tional park, to which entrance is free, but only to the Fall River road. the supply lasts. early-shippin- Good News for National Park Visitors : ' TIMES-NEW- FRED W. PIERCE A most Impressive feature of the presentation was the escort to the audi torium of a large number of "gold star" mothers and wives of deceased soldiers. Pierce was the moving 6plrlt In conducting the ceremonial, and in com piling the history, "Sioux City in the World War." A portion of the admis sion fees to the ceremonial and of profits from sale of the history were devoted to the Legion's fund to provide for the permanent annual decor ation of overseas graves. WON MANY 'VARSITY HONORS Harry Bolles, Yakima, Wash., Brother of National Adjutant, Now Naval Officer. Captain and stroke of the 'varsity crew at the United States Naval acad emy, would be more than enough glory for the average "middy" at Annapolis to aspire to. Add to this three years on the 'varsity crew, three years on the 'varsity football team, and membership on the boxing and wrestling squads, and you have quite a record. Add still the Naval academy cup, awarded to the graduate contrib uting most to the advancement of ath letlcs in the academy during the year, and you have a part of the accomplish ments of Harry Bolles, of Yakima, Wash, a brother of Lemuel Bolles, national adjutant of the American Legion, who has Just received his commission ss a naval officer from Uncle Sam. Ensign Bolles is a World war veteran, and a memftr of the American Legion, having enlisted when seven teen years old at the outbreak of the war. He served for two years as a member of a gun crew on the transport "Great Northern." After the war he obtained his entrance to- - the Naval academy by passing the hardest sort of competitive examination, where he made good from the start. FINE KANSAS CITY MEMORIAL Erection of Splendid structure to Perpetuate Memory of World War Heroes Now in Progress. Work of erecting the huge Liberty memorial In Kansas City, Mo., has be gun and at least 18 months will be re quired for complttlon of construction. according to contractors In charge of the work. The memorial Is, to take the form of a monumental building and tower to perpetuate the memory of heroes of the World war. The principal feature of the shrine Is the 2 stone shaft above the building proper. This towers 3HO feet above the Union station plaza and may be seen for miles. At the base of this shaft four sculptured figures rep resenting Courage, Honor, Patriotism and Sacrifice of heroic proportions, stand as guardians to the "Flame of Inspiration," to burn on the sltar atop the towering shaft. These figures are to be designed by Robert I. Altken, sculptor of considerable repute, who saw service In the World war. The edifice Itself, to be known as the Memorial and American Legion building. Is to be a massive structure of stone and steel, surmounted by the great shaft. The total construction cost Is over $1,000,000. which does not Include mural paintings, sculpture, lighting, landscaping and other work necessary for completion, all of which are estimated to require at least tbre quarters of a million dollars. 1ft-fo- one-wa- y y Bok's $100,000 "American Peace Award" One hundred thousand dollars awaits the American who can conceive the most practicable plan by which the United States may with other nations to achieve and to preserve world peace. This sum has been given for the purpose by Edward W. Bok of Philadelphia, former editor of the Ladies' Home Journal, who retired several years ago to devote himself to welfare work. The prize Is to be known as the - -- ' American peace award. It Is to be f ,, i given in two parts of $50,000 each. The first $50,000 will be paid for tbe Idea Itself; the second will be given X if n when the practicability of the Idea Is TjiV- V demonstrated, either through Its adoption by the United States senate or because a sufficient popular response Indorses It. A Jury of award will bestow the $100,000. Tbe exact conditions under which tt may be gained and selection of the Jury of award bas been left to a policy committee appointed by Mr. Bok. Miss Esther Everett Lape Is head of the policy committee with the follow-ln- g associates: John W. Davis, former ambassador to Great Britain; Federal Judge Learned Hand, William II. Johnston, president of the International Association of Machinists; Nathan L. Miller, former governor of New York; Melville E. Stone, counselor of the Associated Press; Henry L. Stlmson, Mrs. Gifford Pinchot, Mrs. Ogden Reld, Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Mrs. Frank A. Vanderllp. The treasurer of the policy committee Is Cornelius N. Bliss, Jr. p. j Mystery of the Eel Solved at Last Every now and then this summer some angler will book a big eel and his capture win set all the brotherhood to gossiping about the "eel mystery." For the life history of the eel has been a mystery always until recent discoveries by Dr. Johannes after Schmidt, a Danish zoologist, years of Investigation. He has now found out that the larvae of both the American and the European eel are born In the spring st the bottom of the Atlantic, at a depth of about 1,000 feet, on a limited tract about W0 miles northeast of the Lee-war-d Islands. During the first summer of their lives the larvae move up toward the surface, and In their second summer they start to migrate respectively toward the American and European coasts. By some marvelous Instinct each species unerringly goes In the right direction. In both cases, after their arrival In inland fresh water, they remain there until they become mature, at about the age of six years, when they return seaward In winter, traveling about tei miles nightly, until they reach their old breeding grounds, where, in their tura they propagate new larvae, and where they remain for th rest of Ibelr Uvea, Beefing Young Bull Is . Not Profitable Practice brain controlling the respiration and circulation. In the less severe cases there may be marked excitement, the animal becoming uncontrollable ; or the opposite condition muy be present, the animal appearing sleepy and depressed. As the condition occurs In the open. and usually while the animal Is at hard work, the first step Is to get the animal in a cool, shady spot out of doors. If there Is excitement, all precau tions should be taken to prevent the animal injuring Itself. Then cold water, or better still. Ice should be applied to tbe head. If Ice Is not available It Is well to turn the garden hose on the animal's head. The cold water tends to relieve the congested condition of the brain, and the colder the better. The water should not be applied all over the body, but only to the head. Tbe animal should not be drenched. for he is likely to be unconscious and the drench will, in that case, pass into the lungs, where It may set up a fatal Inflammation. sunstroke the animal Following should be rested for several days, and brought back to hard work gradually. Sheep Need Protection From Sun in Hot Season There are very few days from June on till fall that sheep do not need some protection from the sun. Where tillable fields are pastured and inclosed with wire fencing, there Is little provision for supplying shade. On a great many farms all the shade trees have been removed from the fields to facilitate cultivation. Some flock owners supply shade for their flocks by allowing the sheep to occupy the sheepshed during the summer months. This is a good plan as the stable can be frequently relittered, kept. dark and sanitary. By removing the windows and substituting light frames covered with thin muslin the files can be kept out and the stable will remain cool and be well ventilated. Where large sprawling trees, small groves, or a portion of the woodlot are not available for furnishing shade some artificial means should be constructed. Tliis can be done by setting posts In the ground about ten feet to the top apart, nailing cross-piece- s and laying a roof made of old lumber, overlapping Just enough to shed water. This kind of shade answers the purpose. Is cool and sanitary. Proper Care and Feed Will Help Draft Foals With the draft horse market improve Don't send the promising purebred lng steadily, for the best quality anibull to the butcher's block before he mals, anyway, some recent experiments has had a chance to show, through bis conducted by Professor Fuller at the Wisconsin experiment station will be daughters, his quality. This Is the warning of tbe men at of Interest and practical value. A lot of seven pure bred draft foals the New York state college of agricul ture who are encouraging tbe use of was given careful feeding for 1S2 days better sires. during the winter before last, on an average dally ration of 11.4 pounds of times farmers that say many They have disposed of young bulls only to concentrates and 6.4 pounds of alfalfa find that some of their daughters have bay. Tbe grain mixture consisted of developed Into remarkable producers. 90 pounds of crushed oats and 10 The foals They cite figures that show on many pounds of wheat bran. farms the tendency Is decidedly for made an average dally gain of 1.0 the use of young bulls and then to dis pounds, end averaged 1,141.4 pounds pose of them before their real worth In weight at an average age of 377 days. The result of this work checked can be learned In a study of S76 purebred bulls It very closely with the trials of previous was found that 45 were under nine years, and It appears safe to conclude months of age; 121 were one year of that, by proper care and liberal feedage; 112 were two years of sge; 64 ing, good draft foals can easily be were three years of sge ; 10 were four made to weigh 1,000 pounds at one years of age; 17 were five years of year of age. age ; S were six years of age and only 1 was seven years of age. Prairie-Do- g Eradication Ordinarily stock men figure that a Saves Arizona Farmers bull must be five years old before For every dollar Invested In the much can be known about his first for pralrle-do- g daughters, and seven years must Arizona campaign elapse before there Is definite knowl eradication In 1022, there was a $15 edge of his breeding qualities. Yet of return In the value of farm products all the bulls considered In the survey, saved from destruction by these pests, only 13 were of sufficient age to admit according to reports to the United States Department of Agriculture. of an estimate of their value. The state and federal appropriation for the campaign was $30,000. FarmPigs Require Less Salt ers estimated the value of fruit Than Other Farm Animals trees, range grasses, or othercrops, products Although pigs require less salt than saved as a result, at $475,000, over other farm animals, they should be fifteen times th amount put Into the provided with It regularly. In a trial work. by Professor Evvard at th Iowa agricultural experiment station, pigs al Kill Cucumber Beetles lowed free access to salt mnde better With Arsenate of Lead gains than those receiving no salt or others getting allowance of Cucumber beetles are running wild ounce per head dally. Salt may In truck patches and gardens wheror be supplied in a trough or a small self- ever growers have failed to protect feeder. If pigs have not had free actheir crops. Dusting or spraying with cess to salt they might at first over arsenate of lead will get them. Dust eat when allowed free access to It. when th dew Is on. A small quanBrood sows should also be supplied tity csn be mad by using a quarter with salt which Is best fed In a suit of a pound of arsenate of lead to able box or two and a half to three pounds of powdered lime. 2, 6 self-feede- Japanese Millet Useful as Feed for Live Stock Dealers Sometimes Cause of Poor Quality in Egg3 Jspanese millet niay be used as a green feed, cured for bay or mad to produce a seed crop. When used as a feed It has the advantage over other millets. In never having been known to cause kidney trouble In live stock; In other words, tike timothy. It Is practi cally fool proof as a feed. Many dairy man bav need it as a soiling crop. Dealers are sometimes at fault la causing poor quality In eggs which consumers receive, by holding over quality tges In a warm place after receiving them, and holding them for too long a period. Quality eggs will not remain good under tns condition a. . '